Theoretical and experimental estimates of proppant embedment in carbonate rocks in Tatarctan oil fields

Authors: R.R. Ibatullin, V.G. Salimov, A.V. Nasybullin, O.V. Salimov (TatNIPIneft institute)

Key words: carbonate rocks, proppant embedment, linear elasticity.

Relationships between closure stress and propped width loss attributed to proppant embedment in the Bashkir and Tournaisian carbonate rocks have been determined. The amount of proppant used for embedment is proportional to the fracture area and may be quite ample. It has been shown that to maintain the width and the conductivity of a fracture in carbonate rocks, proppant concentration allowance shall be in the range of 2-3 kg/m2. Failure of carbonate matrix in the Bashkir starts at 20 MPa pressure, and this shall be considered in hydrafrac jobs when planning bottomhole pressure limit.

References

1. Stim-Lab Consortium Report 1.6-46, Feb 2002.

2. Much M.G., Penny G.S., Long-term performance of proppants under simulated reservoir conditions, SPE 16415, 1987.

3. Ibatullin R.R., Nasybullin A.V., Salimov O.V., Fundamental'nye problemy razrabotki mestorozhdeniy nefti i gaza (Collected pappers “Fundamental problems of the development of oil and gas fields”), Russian conference with international participation, Moscow, 2011, pp. 73-74.

4. Lacy L.L., Rickards A.R., Syed A.A., Embedment and fracture conductivity in soft formations associated with HEC, Borate and Water-Based Fracture designs, SPE 38590, 1997.

Key words: carbonate rocks, proppant embedment, linear elasticity.

Relationships between closure stress and propped width loss attributed to proppant embedment in the Bashkir and Tournaisian carbonate rocks have been determined. The amount of proppant used for embedment is proportional to the fracture area and may be quite ample. It has been shown that to maintain the width and the conductivity of a fracture in carbonate rocks, proppant concentration allowance shall be in the range of 2-3 kg/m2. Failure of carbonate matrix in the Bashkir starts at 20 MPa pressure, and this shall be considered in hydrafrac jobs when planning bottomhole pressure limit.

References

1. Stim-Lab Consortium Report 1.6-46, Feb 2002.

2. Much M.G., Penny G.S., Long-term performance of proppants under simulated reservoir conditions, SPE 16415, 1987.

3. Ibatullin R.R., Nasybullin A.V., Salimov O.V., Fundamental'nye problemy razrabotki mestorozhdeniy nefti i gaza (Collected pappers “Fundamental problems of the development of oil and gas fields”), Russian conference with international participation, Moscow, 2011, pp. 73-74.

4. Lacy L.L., Rickards A.R., Syed A.A., Embedment and fracture conductivity in soft formations associated with HEC, Borate and Water-Based Fracture designs, SPE 38590, 1997.


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