On the metal particles effect on the strength of polymer gels based on carboxymethyl cellulose, applying at oil recovery

Authors: B.A. Suleymanov , F.S. Ismaylov, E.F. Veliyev (Oil and Gas Research and Design Institute, SOCAR, the Republic of Azerbaijan, Baku)

Key words: gel strength, kinetic mechanism , nanoparticles, inflection point .

Light metal nanoparticle additives effect on the strength of polymer gels, applying in oil recovery, is considered in this paper. As a result of executed studies the effect of increasing the gel system strength by 65 % at the addition of nanoparticles is found. The kinetic mechanism of the nanofiller effect on the gel formation process is presented and justified. It is shown, that the addition of the nanoparticles significantly alters the process of gelation and the gel system strength. Nanofiller application allows significantly to reduce polymer consumption and make cheaper obtained systems.

References
1. Smith E., The Transition Pressure: A quick method for quantifying polyacrylamide gel strength, SPE 18739, 1989.
2. Batycky J., Maini B.B., Milosz G., A study of the application of polymeric gels
in porous media, SPE 10620, 1982.
3. Copyright certificate no. 1472641 SSSR, Geleobrazuyushchiy sostav (Gel
forming composition), Authors: Mironenko O.N., Lyshko G.N., Mar'enko T.P.
4. Copyright certificate no. 1716766 SSSR, Geleobrazuyushchiy tamponazhnyy
sostav (Gel forming plugging composition), Authors: Abramov Yu.D., Osipov
S.N., Ostryanskaya G.M., Rapskevich A.V., Makarov V.N.
5. Averko–Antonovich I.Yu., Bikmullin R.T., Metody issledovaniya struktury i
svoystv polimerov (Methods for studying the structure and properties of polymers),
Kazan': Publ. Of KGTU, 2002, p. 604.
6. Meister J., Bulk gel strength tester, SPE 13567, 1985.
7. Romeo-Zeron L., Characterization of crosslinked gel kinetics and gel
strength by use of NMR, SPE 86548-PA, SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering, 2008, V. 11, no. 3.
8. Norisuye T., Strybulevych A., Scanlon M., Page J., Ultrasonic investigation of
the gelation process of poly (acrylamide) gels, Macromolecular Symposia,
2006, V. 242, no. 1, pp. 208–215.
9. Chzhu D.P., Burenie i neft', 2009, no. 3.
10. Moon P.E.J., Wang S., Acoustic method for determining the static gel
strength of slurries, SPE 55650, 1999.
10. Patent no. 5992223 US, Acoustic method for determining the static gel
strength of a cement slurry, Inventors: Sabins F.L., V. Maki; assignee Chandler
Engineering Company LLC., no. 08/947.691; filed 09.10.97; publ. 30.11.99.
12. Tret'yakov Yu.D., Putlyaev V.I., Proceedings of International Conference
“Metrologiya i standartizatsiya v nanotekhnologiyakh i nanoindustrii. Nanomaterialy”
(Metrology and standardization in nanotechnology and nano-industry.
Nanomaterials), Moscow: Publ. of Rossiyskaya korporatsiya nanotekhnologiy,
2008, p. 48.
13. Hanemann T., Szabó D.V., Polymer-nanoparticle composites: From synthesis
to modern applications, Materials, 2010, V. 3, no. 6, pp. 3468-3517.
14. Gerard J.F., Fillers and filled polymers, V. 169, Weinheim: Wiley-VCH, 2001.
15. Mamunya Ye.P., Davydenko V.V., Pissis P., Lebedev E.V., Electrical and thermal conductivity of polymers filled with metal powders, European Polymer
Journal, 2002, V. 38, pp. 1887–1897.
16. Stauer D., Aharony A., Introduction to percolation theory, London: Taylor
& Francis, 1994.
17. Adler J., Bootstrap percolation, Physica A., 1991, V.171, p. 453. 

Key words: gel strength, kinetic mechanism , nanoparticles, inflection point .

Light metal nanoparticle additives effect on the strength of polymer gels, applying in oil recovery, is considered in this paper. As a result of executed studies the effect of increasing the gel system strength by 65 % at the addition of nanoparticles is found. The kinetic mechanism of the nanofiller effect on the gel formation process is presented and justified. It is shown, that the addition of the nanoparticles significantly alters the process of gelation and the gel system strength. Nanofiller application allows significantly to reduce polymer consumption and make cheaper obtained systems.

References
1. Smith E., The Transition Pressure: A quick method for quantifying polyacrylamide gel strength, SPE 18739, 1989.
2. Batycky J., Maini B.B., Milosz G., A study of the application of polymeric gels
in porous media, SPE 10620, 1982.
3. Copyright certificate no. 1472641 SSSR, Geleobrazuyushchiy sostav (Gel
forming composition), Authors: Mironenko O.N., Lyshko G.N., Mar'enko T.P.
4. Copyright certificate no. 1716766 SSSR, Geleobrazuyushchiy tamponazhnyy
sostav (Gel forming plugging composition), Authors: Abramov Yu.D., Osipov
S.N., Ostryanskaya G.M., Rapskevich A.V., Makarov V.N.
5. Averko–Antonovich I.Yu., Bikmullin R.T., Metody issledovaniya struktury i
svoystv polimerov (Methods for studying the structure and properties of polymers),
Kazan': Publ. Of KGTU, 2002, p. 604.
6. Meister J., Bulk gel strength tester, SPE 13567, 1985.
7. Romeo-Zeron L., Characterization of crosslinked gel kinetics and gel
strength by use of NMR, SPE 86548-PA, SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering, 2008, V. 11, no. 3.
8. Norisuye T., Strybulevych A., Scanlon M., Page J., Ultrasonic investigation of
the gelation process of poly (acrylamide) gels, Macromolecular Symposia,
2006, V. 242, no. 1, pp. 208–215.
9. Chzhu D.P., Burenie i neft', 2009, no. 3.
10. Moon P.E.J., Wang S., Acoustic method for determining the static gel
strength of slurries, SPE 55650, 1999.
10. Patent no. 5992223 US, Acoustic method for determining the static gel
strength of a cement slurry, Inventors: Sabins F.L., V. Maki; assignee Chandler
Engineering Company LLC., no. 08/947.691; filed 09.10.97; publ. 30.11.99.
12. Tret'yakov Yu.D., Putlyaev V.I., Proceedings of International Conference
“Metrologiya i standartizatsiya v nanotekhnologiyakh i nanoindustrii. Nanomaterialy”
(Metrology and standardization in nanotechnology and nano-industry.
Nanomaterials), Moscow: Publ. of Rossiyskaya korporatsiya nanotekhnologiy,
2008, p. 48.
13. Hanemann T., Szabó D.V., Polymer-nanoparticle composites: From synthesis
to modern applications, Materials, 2010, V. 3, no. 6, pp. 3468-3517.
14. Gerard J.F., Fillers and filled polymers, V. 169, Weinheim: Wiley-VCH, 2001.
15. Mamunya Ye.P., Davydenko V.V., Pissis P., Lebedev E.V., Electrical and thermal conductivity of polymers filled with metal powders, European Polymer
Journal, 2002, V. 38, pp. 1887–1897.
16. Stauer D., Aharony A., Introduction to percolation theory, London: Taylor
& Francis, 1994.
17. Adler J., Bootstrap percolation, Physica A., 1991, V.171, p. 453. 


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