The impact of oil refinery and petrochemical system on the hydrosphere of Nizhnekamsk industrial zone in the Republic of Tatarstan

UDK: 556.314(470.41)
DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2020-3-108-112
Key words: surface and groundwater, industrial zone, petrochemical production, water quality, pollution, buffer (protective) properties of environment
Authors: R.Kh. Musin (Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, RF, Kazan), A.R. Galieva (Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, RF, Kazan), T.G. Kudbanov (Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, RF, Kazan), N.A. Kurlyanov (EcoStandart Group. Technical solutions LLC, RF, Novosibirsk)

The authors consider the features of the composition of surface and ground water in the Nizhnekamsk industrial zone and its surroundings in 1979–2018. Nizhnekamsk industrial zone is one of the largest in Europe. It is located in the territory of the Republic of Tatarstan and includes many large petrochemical and oil refineries. According to the analysis of hydrochemical data, the authors can claim that the composition of natural waters in the vicinity of the industrial zone has not changed significantly over the past 40 years. Waters with a salinity of less than 0,5-0.6 g/l and a total hardness of less than 7–8 mmol/l with the composition HCO3/Ca and HCO3/Mg-Ca are most common here. Groundwater salinity can reach 1.25 g/l, hardness can reach 17.7 mmol/l, and permanganate index can reach 17.3 mgO/l within industrial zones. The composition of groundwater has the strongest changes within and near industrial landfill sites. Salinity can reach 12 g/l here; the hardness is 135 mmol/l; and the concentrations of the most characteristic pollutants are following (mg/l): petroleum products - no more than 500–982; phenols - no more than 13.9; total iron - no more than 153. However, the concentrations of many pollutant components can decrease by 1-2 orders of magnitude already at a short distance from the landfill (at a distance of 150-200 m), and at a distance of 1.0-1.5 km from it, signs of pollution of natural waters disappear. The composition of natural waters in the vicinity of the Nizhnekamsk industrial zone named does not change over time due to the high buffer (protective) properties of its geological environment.

References

1. Musin R.Kh., Kurlyanov N.A., O tendentsiyakh v obrashchenii s zhidkimi promyshlennymi otkhodami neftekhimicheskogo proizvodstva v Respublike Tatarstan (On trends in the management of liquid industrial wastes of petrochemical production in the Republic of Tatarstan), Proceedings of Sergeyev readings, 22 March 2018, Moscow: Publ. of RUDN University, 2018, pp. 85–90.

2. Voytovich E. D., Gatiyatullin N. S., Tektonika Tatarstana (The tectonics of Tatarstan), Kazan': Publ. of KSU, 1998, 140 p.

3. Zaytsev I.K., Gidrogeokhimiya SSSR (Hydrogeochemistry of the USSR), Leningrad: Nedra Publ., 1986, 239 p.

4. Geologiya Tatarstana: Stratigrafiya i tektonika (Geology of Tatarstan: Stratigraphy and tectonics): edited by Burov B.V., Moscow: GEOS Publ., 2003, 402 p.

5. Musin R.Kh., Kalkamanova Z.G., The formation of the underground water in the upper part of hydrolithosphere in the Vostochno-Zakamsky region of Tatarstan (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2016, no. 2, pp. 18-22.

6. Podzemnye vody Tatarii (Groundwater of Tatarstan): edited by Korolev M.E., Kazan': Publ. of Kazan University, 1987, 189 p.

7. Sungatullin R.Kh., Kompleksnyy analiz geologicheskoy sredy: na primere Nizhnekamskoy ploshchadi (Comprehensive analysis of the geological environment: the example of Nizhnekamsk area), Kazan': Master-Layn Publ., 2001, 140 p.

8. Fridman B.I., Zadorozhnyy I.M., Gosudarstvennaya geologicheskaya karta SSSR masshtaba 1:200000. Ser. Crednevolzhskaya (State geological map of the USSR on a scale of 1: 200000. Series Middle Volga), Moscow, 1990, 234 p.

9. Musin R.Kh., Kurlyanov N.A., Kalkamanova Z.G., Korotchenko T.V., Environmental state and buffering properties of underground hydrosphere in waste landfill site of the largest petrochemical companies in Europe, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2016, V.33, no. 1, Article no. 012019.

10. Musin R.Kh., Musina R.Z., About the influence of landfills for industrial wasty on hydrolithosphere (In Russ.), Nedropol'zovanie XXI vek, 2014, no. 1 (45), pp. 84–87.

11. Shagidullin A.R., Gilyazova A.F., Amiryanova G.F. et al., General characteristics of the open air pollution sources of Nizhnekamsk city (In Russ.), Rossiyskiy zhurnal prikladnoy ekologii, 2015, no. 3, pp. 30–35.

The authors consider the features of the composition of surface and ground water in the Nizhnekamsk industrial zone and its surroundings in 1979–2018. Nizhnekamsk industrial zone is one of the largest in Europe. It is located in the territory of the Republic of Tatarstan and includes many large petrochemical and oil refineries. According to the analysis of hydrochemical data, the authors can claim that the composition of natural waters in the vicinity of the industrial zone has not changed significantly over the past 40 years. Waters with a salinity of less than 0,5-0.6 g/l and a total hardness of less than 7–8 mmol/l with the composition HCO3/Ca and HCO3/Mg-Ca are most common here. Groundwater salinity can reach 1.25 g/l, hardness can reach 17.7 mmol/l, and permanganate index can reach 17.3 mgO/l within industrial zones. The composition of groundwater has the strongest changes within and near industrial landfill sites. Salinity can reach 12 g/l here; the hardness is 135 mmol/l; and the concentrations of the most characteristic pollutants are following (mg/l): petroleum products - no more than 500–982; phenols - no more than 13.9; total iron - no more than 153. However, the concentrations of many pollutant components can decrease by 1-2 orders of magnitude already at a short distance from the landfill (at a distance of 150-200 m), and at a distance of 1.0-1.5 km from it, signs of pollution of natural waters disappear. The composition of natural waters in the vicinity of the Nizhnekamsk industrial zone named does not change over time due to the high buffer (protective) properties of its geological environment.

References

1. Musin R.Kh., Kurlyanov N.A., O tendentsiyakh v obrashchenii s zhidkimi promyshlennymi otkhodami neftekhimicheskogo proizvodstva v Respublike Tatarstan (On trends in the management of liquid industrial wastes of petrochemical production in the Republic of Tatarstan), Proceedings of Sergeyev readings, 22 March 2018, Moscow: Publ. of RUDN University, 2018, pp. 85–90.

2. Voytovich E. D., Gatiyatullin N. S., Tektonika Tatarstana (The tectonics of Tatarstan), Kazan': Publ. of KSU, 1998, 140 p.

3. Zaytsev I.K., Gidrogeokhimiya SSSR (Hydrogeochemistry of the USSR), Leningrad: Nedra Publ., 1986, 239 p.

4. Geologiya Tatarstana: Stratigrafiya i tektonika (Geology of Tatarstan: Stratigraphy and tectonics): edited by Burov B.V., Moscow: GEOS Publ., 2003, 402 p.

5. Musin R.Kh., Kalkamanova Z.G., The formation of the underground water in the upper part of hydrolithosphere in the Vostochno-Zakamsky region of Tatarstan (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2016, no. 2, pp. 18-22.

6. Podzemnye vody Tatarii (Groundwater of Tatarstan): edited by Korolev M.E., Kazan': Publ. of Kazan University, 1987, 189 p.

7. Sungatullin R.Kh., Kompleksnyy analiz geologicheskoy sredy: na primere Nizhnekamskoy ploshchadi (Comprehensive analysis of the geological environment: the example of Nizhnekamsk area), Kazan': Master-Layn Publ., 2001, 140 p.

8. Fridman B.I., Zadorozhnyy I.M., Gosudarstvennaya geologicheskaya karta SSSR masshtaba 1:200000. Ser. Crednevolzhskaya (State geological map of the USSR on a scale of 1: 200000. Series Middle Volga), Moscow, 1990, 234 p.

9. Musin R.Kh., Kurlyanov N.A., Kalkamanova Z.G., Korotchenko T.V., Environmental state and buffering properties of underground hydrosphere in waste landfill site of the largest petrochemical companies in Europe, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2016, V.33, no. 1, Article no. 012019.

10. Musin R.Kh., Musina R.Z., About the influence of landfills for industrial wasty on hydrolithosphere (In Russ.), Nedropol'zovanie XXI vek, 2014, no. 1 (45), pp. 84–87.

11. Shagidullin A.R., Gilyazova A.F., Amiryanova G.F. et al., General characteristics of the open air pollution sources of Nizhnekamsk city (In Russ.), Rossiyskiy zhurnal prikladnoy ekologii, 2015, no. 3, pp. 30–35.



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