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November 2013




Geology and geologo-prospecting works


D.A. Filatov, N.B. Krasilnikova (RN-KrasnoyarskNIPIneft LLC, RF, Krasnoyarsk)
Determination of saturartion coefficient in carbonate reservoirs

Key words: Eastern Siberia, laboratory investigations of core, hydrocarbon saturation index, carbonate reservoir, hydrophobicity.
Use of standard research techniques doesn’t solve the problem of proper definition of hydrocarbon saturation index as well logging resistivity significantly exceeds core resistivity. On the base of the obtained relations “core well logging” and well logging - well logging there has been developed algorithm of calculation of hydrocarbon saturation index. The obtained results are typical for carbonate oil-wet reservoirs. There is presented a comparison of obtained results with the results of core investigations (including definition of residual water saturation).


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I.A. Kopysova, N.A. Moor, G.L. Rozbaeva (TNNC LLC, RF, Tyumen)
Core, well logging and seismic data integration for tectonic barriers of complex reservoirs discovery

Key words: core, well logging, seismic, faults, reservoir.

The article provides a represented study results of apt-alb age deposits using well logging data, seismic and regional survey for terrestrial beds accumulation conditions modeling.

References
1. Slavkin V.S., Shik N.S., Saprykina A.Yu.,Geologiya nefti i gaza – The journal Oil and Gas Geology, 2001, no. 4, pp. 40-46.
2. The explanatory note to the “Atlas litologo-paleogeograficheskikh kart
yurskogo i melovogo periodov Zapadno-Sibirskoy ravniny v masshtabe
1:5000000” (Atlas of the lithologic and paleogeographic maps of the Jurassic
and Cretaceous periods of the West Siberian Plain on the scale 1:5,000,000):
edited by Nesterov I.I., Tyumen': Publ. of ZapSibNIGNI, 1976.
3. Pavlov E., Mazitov M., Moor N., Neftegazovaya vertikal' Oil and Gas Vertical, 2011, no. 2, pp. 74-77.

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.. Altunin, .V. Malshakov, M.V. Semukhin, .. Yadrishnikova (TNNC LLC , RF, Tyumen)
Some methods of CT treatment of core phorographs while studying reservoir properties of formations

Key words: core photographs in the day light, in UV light, evaluation criteria of net-to-gross, oil saturation, and fuzzy set theory.

The direction of core photographs CT treatment is examined during the processes of reservoir properties studies. Some of the aspects of core photographs analysis in the day light and UV rays are reviewed. Integrated evaluation criteria are proposed for net-to-gross and oil saturation on full size core photographs.
References
1. Kadyrov R.I., Nugmanov I.I., Kol'chugin A.N., URL:
http://grinikkos.com/Donlowd/104/GIs%20v%20geologsec19-09.pdf.2.
2. Berezovskiy V.V., Glushkov D.V., Gubaydullin M.G. et al., URL:
http://agora.guru.ru/abrau2012/pdf/373.pdf.
3. Efimov V.A., Akmanaev A.R., Akin'shin A.V., Neftyanoe
khozyaystvo – Oil Industry, 2013, no. 10, pp. 88-90.
4. Altunin A.E. Semukhin M.V., Raschety v usloviyakh riska i neopredelennosti
v neftegazovykh tekhnologiyakh (The calculations
under risk and uncertainty in the oil and gas technologies),
Tyumen: Publ. of Tyumen State University, 2005, 220 p.
5. Khabarov A.V., Volokitin Ya.E., Borkent E.Ya., Karotazhnik, V. 12
(189), 2009, pp. 129-143.

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R.O. Kornikov, M.A. Grischenko (TNNC LLC, RF, Tyumen)
Iterative approach to the process of geological modeling on the example of Devonian deposits of Garshinskoye field

Key words: live simulation model, iterative modeling, sedimentary analysis, Garshinskoye field.

Iterative approach was proposed to making live simulation models (geological part), which enables the following on expedient basis: identification and elimination of source data uncertainties; new wells drilling support; making of targeted program for additional surveys at project’s initial stage; adjustment of the fields development strategy.

References
1. Baraboshkin E.Yu., Prakticheskaya sedimentologiya (terrigennye kollektory)
(Practical sedimentology (clastic reservoir)), Tomsk: Publ. of Tomsk Polytechnic
University, 2007, 154 p.
2. Chernova O.S., Litologo-fatsial'nyy i formatsionnyy analiz neftegazonosnykh
tolshch (Lithofacies and formation analysis of oil and gas bearing strata),
Tomsk: TsPPS ND Publ., 2009, 250 p.

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A.N. Gryaznov, O.M. Grechneva (TNNC LLC, RF, Tyumen)
Geological modeling of Achimov formation Ach3-4 of N license area with application of 3D seismic trend

Key words: geology, static modeling, turbidites, 3D seismic trend.

The goal of this work is to increase a forecast ability of geological model of Achmov formation at N license area. For this purpose all available data was analyzed and modern sequence stratigraphical approaches as well as 3D seismic information are used. The method for net sand volume computation from 3D seismic data utilizing “Genetic inversion algorithm” is implemented. The created net sand volume is used as 3D trend during further geological modeling for N. license area.
References
1. Priezzhev I.I., Informatsionnye tekhnologii kompleksnoy interpretatsii geofizicheskikh dannykh dlya geologicheskogo modelirovaniya (Information
technology of complex interpretation of geophysical data for geological
modeling): thesis of Doctor of Technical Science, Moscow, 2010.
2. Pyl'nik S.V., Shaporenko S.N., Babov V.N., Vestnik TsKR Rosnedra, 2012, no. 3, pp. 14-21.
3. Zakrevskiy K.E., Nassonova N.V., Geologicheskoe modelirovanie klinoform
Zapadnoy Sibiri (Geological modeling of Western Siberia clinoforms),
Moscow: Publ. of OOO EAGE Geomodel', 2012, 81 p.

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A.O. Vaysman, D.N. Ivanov (TNNC LLC, RF, Tyumen)
Carbonate sediments investigation of T1 formation in terms of sequence stratigraphy

Key words: sequence stratigraphy, parasequence, carbonate sediments.

Article describes the results of carbonate sediments investigation in Orenburg region. Work is based on detailed analysis of all geological and technological data in terms of sequence stratigraphy. Regularity of reservoir properties changing is defined during this analysis, few types of reservoirs are discovered and described by specific porosity-permeability relationships. Simulation modeling which based on updated geological model allowed to define the ways of early water breakthrough into production wells.
References
1. Dunham R., Classification of carbonate rocks according to depositional
texture, AAPG. Mem., 1962, no. 1, pp. 108-121.
2. Wagoner Van J.C., Posamentier H.W., Mitchum R.M. et al., An overview of
the Fundamentals of Sequence Stratigraphy and key definitions, Sea-Level
changes: an integrated approach, SEPM Special Publication, 1988, no. 42,
pp. 39-45.
3. Meyen S.V., Vvedenie v teoriyu stratigrafii (Introduction to Theory of stratigraphy), Moscow: Nauka Publ., 1989, pp. 34-38.

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.I. Kudamanov, .S. Potapova, .M. Karikh (TNNC LLC, RF, Tyumen)
Characteristic aspects of the Cenomanian deposits on the exampleof Russkoye field

Key words: the Cenomanian, Russkoye field, incised valleys, microscopic lamina, permeability, heterolyte filling, tidal flats, sand storms.

The major reserves of Russkoye field relate to the Cenomanian formations PK1-7 of pokurskaya suite that is characterized by a complex structure. That is determined by facies environment and uneven development of secondary processes. The integrated core study allowed specifying the Cenomanian deposition nature and determining within the field an “odd” different from the other in Western Siberia type of clastic reservoir. The odd type is represented by coarse-fine grained shaly (shale content is 12-20%) and sand (12-20% as well) silt stones in the deposits of heterolyte filling of tidal flats. The odd nature of deposits is determined by sand material localization as thin lenticular lamina (0.1-3.0 mm; up to 30-40 % for rock) with sharp boundaries and high permeability along the layers. The formation of shaly siltstones with sandy lamina relates supposedly to drought periods and eolation activation which lead to sand storms on the territory of tidal flats.

References
1. The explanatory note to the Atlas litologo-paleogeograficheskikh kart
yurskogo i melovogo periodov Zapadno-Sibirskoy ravniny v masshtabe
1:5000000 (Atlas of the lithologic and paleogeographic maps of the Jurassic
and Cretaceous periods of the West Siberian Plain on the scale 1:5,000,000):
edited by Nesterov I.I., Tyumen': Publ. of ZapSibNIGNI, 1976, V. 93.
2. Klimat v epokhi krupnykh biosfernykh perestroek (The climate of the era of
large-scale rearrangements of Biosphere): edited by Semikhatov M.A., Chumakov
N.M., Moscow: Nauka Publ., 2004, 299 p.
3. Saks V.N., Ronkina Z.Z., Proceedings of Institute of Arctic Geology of the Ministry of Geology and mineral resources of the USSR, 1957, V. 90, 232 p.
4. Baraboshkin E.Yu., Prakticheskaya sedimentologiya (terrigennye kollektory)
(Practical sedimentology (clastic reservoirs)), Tomsk: Publ. of Tomsk Polytechnic
University, 2007, 154 p.

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Drilling of chinks


A.G. Skripkin, S.V. Parnachev, S.M. Samokhvalova, Yu.N. Kashirin (TomskNIPIneft JSC, RF, Tomsk), D.N. Voitenko (Schlumberger, RF, Moscow), A.I. Tyunkin (Tomskneft VNK OJSC, RF, Tomsk)
Extensive investigations of drilling mud for Sovetskoye oil field AB1 formation exposing

Key words: “ryabchik” reservoir, Koshay suite, drilling mud, clay swelling, permeability restoration.

Because of attic oil on the low-permeable top of the continuous A1 reservoir expanded program of horizontal drilling was initiated for of Sovetskoye field (Western Siberia, Russia). As shaly interval stability is a specific issue in horizontal wells special attention is always paid to the drilling mud and seal shaly material interaction (incl. clay swelling and disintegration). Again, any mud used should not damage greatly the formation. For the set of 7 drilling muds lab tests were conducted to recognize the optimal composition which is both does not collapse a shaly seal of Koshay suite and recognized the best permeability to oil restoration for the reservoir. As a result two mud composition (Megadril™ and 1,08 g/cm3 Flo-Thru) were suggested to use.


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Working out and operation of oil deposits


S.V. Tulenkov, D.S. Machekhin , K.V. Vologdsky, L.A. Gaidukov (TNNC LLC, RF, Tyumen), A.E. Rodionov, E.V. Severinov (ROSPAN INTERNATIONAL CJSC, RF, New Urengoy)
Planning, execution, and interpretation of results of pilot operations on Russkoye heavy oil field Part 2

Key words: well testing, heavy oil, fiber optic systems, unconsolidated reservoir, downhole sensors, metrology, geomechanics.

The main results of pilot operations on Russkoye Field during 2010 – 2013 are given. The article presents a description of the features of well test interpretation in such complex geological and physical conditions: inability to achieve late radial flow, lengthy borehole impact, changes in the state of near-wellbore zone and horizontal borehole during studies, complex geomechanical and borehole effects, and formation of man-induced channels of primary flow. The authors propose approaches to planning, execution, and interpretation of complex studies allowing to obtain the maximum information to support further development.

References
1. Tulenkov S.V., Machekhin D.S., Vologodskiy K.V. et al., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2013, no. 10, pp. 70-73.
2. Sidorov A.A., Deformatsii poristykh sred pod vozdeystviem fil'tratsii flyuida
(Deformation of porous media under the influence of fluid filtration): Thesis of
the candidate of physical and mathematical sciences, Tyumen', 2001, 156 p.
3. Stegemeier G., Matthews C., A study of anomalous pressure build-up behavior,
Petroleum Transactions, AIME, 1958, V. 213, pp. 44-50.
4. Ali A.M., Falcone G., Hewitt G.F. et al., Experimental investigation of wellbore
phase redistribution effects on pressure-transient data, SPE 96587-MS, 2005.

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A.V. Grishagin, V.I. Andreev (SamaraNIPIneft LLC, RF, Samara), .E. anasian, .S. Guba, S.P. Papuhin (Samaraneftegaz JSC, RF, Samara)
Formation waters or their mixtures with surface water applicability as possible agent for reservoir water-flooding purposes

Key words: water injection process into reservoir, formation water stability and compatibility.

While evaluating the water injection process into reservoir for reservoir pressure maintenance purposes at the oil fields of the Volga-Urals Oil Province, SamaraNIPIneft Institute observes the industry requirements stipulated in S 39-225-88 with due consideration of previously published proposals of the author of the Report on revision of his ideas related to oil content, solids and oxygen in the injected water, restricting values of hydrogen index (pH). Basing upon the example of Samaraneftegaz JSC fields we are presenting a method to sel ect the water injected into the reservoir that is most acceptable fr om the stand-point of its chemical stability by carbonates and sulfates in surface and reservoir conditions, that do not impact upon the reservoir properties of rock, and in case with clayey reservoirs provide only minimum swelling of its clay components.

References
1. Grishagin A.V., Andreev V.I., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo – Oil Industry,
2009, no. 8, pp. 96-98.
2. Grishagin A.V., Akif'eva L.A., Dolganova G.I., Kolesnikov V.A. et al.,
Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2010, no. 6, pp. 48-51.
3. Persiyantsev M.N., Grishagin A.V., Andreev V.V., Ryabin N.A., Neftyanoe
khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 1999, no. 3, pp. 47-49.
4. Tronov A.V., Khokhlov D.B., Andreev V.V., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil
Industry, 1995, no. 8, pp. 13-15.
5. Grishagin A.V., Andreev V.I., Neft', gaz, novatsii, 2012, no. 3, pp.70-74.

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O.E. Tarakanova, M.M. Galiullin, N.V. Dubovetskaya (TNNC LLC, RF, Tyumen)
Non-stationary water injection as a way of waterflood system performing

Key words: non-stationary water flooding, cyclic water flooding, direction change of filtration flows, hydrodynamic EOR methods, optimization formation pressure maintenance system.

Currently water flooding implementation represents the major condition for successful depletion of oil fields’ pay zones. However, in case of a high reservoir heterogeneity water flooding performance reduces due to irregular distribution of injected water. One of the accessible methods of displacement front alignment is conversion of the implemented flood pattern to a non-stationary operation. This work reviews the possibility to implement non-stationary water flooding in Sorochinskneft fields, it also determines the top priority development targets for the method implementation, and a program of non-stationary water flooding is prepared for a pilot area along with its performance evaluation.
References
1. Sharbatova I.N., Surguchev M.L., Tsiklicheskoe vozdeystvie na neodnorodnye
neftyanye plasty (Cyclical effects on heterogeneous oil reservoirs),
Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1988, 121 p.
2. Kryanev D.Yu., Petrakov A.M., Bilinchuk A.V., Collected papers “Povyshenie
effektivnosti razrabotki mestorozhdeniy s trudnoizvlekaemymi zapasami” (Enhance
the productivity of fields with hard stocks), 2005, V. 132, pp. 134-145.
3. Platonov I.E., Territoriya neftegaz, 2007, no. 6, pp. 96-101.
4. Bilinchuk A.V., Povyshenie effektivnosti razrabotki trudnoizvlekaemykh zapasov
nefti tekhnologiyami khimicheskogo i gidrodinamicheskogo
vozdeystviya na plasty : na primere mestorozhdeniy OAO "Slavneft'-Megionneftegaz" (Improving the efficiency of the development of stranded oil using
chemical technology and hydrodynamic effects on layers: the case of deposits
of "Megionneftegaz"): the thesis of Candidate of Technical Sciences, Krasnodar, 2006, 122 s.

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T.A. Ismagilov, I.R. Magzianov (RN-UfaNIPIneft LLC, RF, Ufa)
Water shut-off technology for injection wells treatment in heterogeneous systems with crossflows

Key words: oil recovery factor, water shut-off, heterogeneous systems, cross-flow.
The paper discusses the principles of water shut-off using flow diverting technologies in premature breakthrough of injected water to the producing wells in the hydrodynamic conditions associated with in-situ reservoir crossflow. It is shown the basic performance requirements of the agents and methods of it’s direct placement to improve impact in these conditions.For a successful application of the technology the agent must be suitable for the requirements of the resistance factor, the time of gel formation and the residual resistance factor. According to the results of the implementation the maximum technological effect can be reached in primary using, relative efficiency of the injection technology is reduced after repeated using without increasing the pumping volume of the agent.
References
1. Beyli B., Krabtri M., Tayri D., Neftegazovoe obozrenie, 2001, V. 6, no. 1,
pp. 44-68.
2. Magzyanov I.R., Ismagilov T.A., Zakharov V.P. et al., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo –
Oil Industry, 2011, no. 6, pp. 25-29.
3. Zakharov V.P., Ismagilov T.A., Antonov A.M. et al., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo
Oil Industry, 2010, no. 12, pp. 102-105.
4. Zakharov V.P., Rabtsevich S.A., Ismagilov T.A., Neft'. Gaz. Novatsii, 2010,
no. 7, pp. 62-67.
5. Zakharov V.P., Ismagilov T.A., Asmandiyarov R.N., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo
Oil Industry, 2012, no. 1, pp. 54-57.
6. Seright R.S., Placement of gels to modify injection profiles, SPE/DOE 17332.
7. Sorbie K.S., Seright R.S., Gel placement in heterogeneous systems with
crossflows, SPE/DOE 24192.

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Technics and technology of oil recovery


I.G. Klyushin, N.V. Novikov, B.R. Gilmutdinov (RN Management OJSC Branch in Tyumen, PR&TDC, Upstream, RF, Tyumen), A.A. Ryazanov, N.V. Glebova (Samotlorneftegaz OJSC, RF, Nizhnevartovsk), R.T. Israfilov (Varyoganneftegaz OJSC, RF, Nizhnevartovsk)
Bottomhole acid treatment and scaling inhibition efficiency enhancement by means of powder oxyethylidenediphosphonic acid

Key words: salts dissolving efficiency enhancement, acid penetration into the formation depth increase, dissolving and prevention of secondary precipitation, acid treatment efficiency enhancement, salt deposits inhibiting.

To enhance acid treatment efficiency in saline well stock wells it has been suggested to add powder oxyethylidenediphosphonic acid to fluid solutions. Laboratory tests showed that this results in calcite dissolving and acid penetrating into the formation rock capacities efficiency enhancement and also it effects in dissolving and prevention of secondary precipitation of iron hydroxide sedimentation. Acid solutions tests with addition of the oxyethylidenediphosphonic acid in field conditions showed high efficiency of these treatments for scaling inhibition after putting wells back on production. Some wells were indicated to show efficient acid treatment. Achieved productivity index ration was also preserved for a longer period of time.

References
1. Kashchavtsev V.E., Mishchenko I.T., Soleobrazovanie pri dobyche nefti (Salt
formation during oil production), Moscow: Orbita-M Publ., 2004, 432 p.
2. Mikhaylov S.A., Bikhman B.I., Dyatlova N.M., Proceedings of Vtoroe vsesoyuznoe soveshchanie po khimii i primeneniyu kompleksonov i kompleksonatov metallov (The second All-Union Conference on the chemistry and
application of metal complexons and complexonates), Moscow, 1983, p. 149.
3. Dyatlova N.M. et al., Uspekhi khimii – Russian Chemical Reviews, 1974, V. 9,
p. 1554-1574.
4. Nevyadovskiy E.Yu., Inzhenernaya praktika, 2009, Pilot issue, pp. 37-45.
5. Yagudin R.A., Mikhaylov A.G., Shakirov E.I. et al., Territoriya neftegaz, 2011, no. 4, pp. 84-88.

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Designing of arrangement of deposits


Yu.V. Sushko, A.A. Kaverin, A.M. Korkin (Rosneft Oil Company OJSC, RF, Moscow), A.F. Agafontsev; I.S. Shafikov (RN-UfaNIPIneft LLC, RF, Ufa)
Unified design solutions in Rosneft Oil Company

Key words: unified design, unification, standard, design, facilities, design estimates, construction, documentation, solution, self-regulated organization.

The paper discusses the ongoing and projected approaches to unified design solutions for surface facilities at Rosneft Oil Company. Being a key factor in optimizing labor resources, CAPEX and OPEX, the corporate Design Unification Program aims at amassing an integrated bank of Corporate Unified Design Solutions (CUDS) seen as one of the top priorities of the company’s activity in facilities design and construction. The workflow proposed in this paper strives to optimize the efficiency of developing the CUDS and integrating them with the ongoing and oncoming projects, while honoring the specialization of each participant.
References
1. Obespechenie tipovoy proektnoy dokumentatsiey (Provision of standard
design documentation), URL: http://tinyurl.com/o77mx57.
2. Chegotova E.V., O primenenii tipovoy proektnoy dokumentatsii (On the
application of standard design documentation), 07.03.2012, IS “Tekhekspert:
Intranet”, v. 6.2.7.307.

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Information technology


A.V. Lapushov, V.N. Moskvich, A.V. Khodyaev, P.Yu. Redko (RN-KrasnoyarskNIPIneft LLC, RF, Krasnoyarsk)
Using cloud computing concept when storing seismic data at Rosnefts Corporate Seismic Data Store

Key words: Rosneft’s Corporate Seismic Data Store, cloud computing, seismic information processing.

This paper outlines the results of using cloud computing at Rosnefts Corporate Seismic Data Store. Two processes have been moved to the cloud platform: processing of seismic 2D lines and 3D volumes and processing of interpretation data grids. The deployment model is realized as private cloud. The advantages of this approach when processing large volumes of seismic data are shown.
References
1. Khodyaev A.V., Lapushov A.V., Moskvich V.N., Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy vestnik OAO “NK Rosneft'”, 2009, no. 1, pp. 48-50.
2. Khodyaev A.V., Lapushov A.V., Moskvich V.N., Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy vestnik OAO NK Rosneft', 2009, no. 4, pp. 40-41.

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Rosneft: foreign projects


T.F. Manapov, H.H. Simanjuntak (Rosneft Vietnam, Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh)
Rosneft Vietnam growing reserves and processing capacity to support Vietnam gas demand

Key words: multidisciplinary studies, geological uncertainties, reserves progression, petrophysical evaluation, seismic studies, reservoir modelling, production forecast, offshore platform capacity, processing de-bottlenecking.

Power sector consumes the majority of gas production in Vietnam. During the past 11 years of gas and condensate production, Rosneft Vietnam successively increased hydrocarbon reserves and platform processing capacities in order to meet contractual obligations and secure the production until the end of Production Sharing Contract. Gradual reserves progression was achieved due to comprehensively multidisciplinary studies from petrophysical re-evaluation and seismic re-interpretation to recovery factor re-estimation. Continuous reserves progression together with market demand dictated the need of offshore platform processing capacity de-bottlenecking. The paper describes a successful story of several projects implemented to significantly increase platform capacity from its original design. The paper offers several key successful factors for effective enhancement of reserves and production capacity improvement.

References
1. Global Economic Prospects, Annual Edition, World Bank, 2013.
2. Vietnam Power Development Plan for the 2011-2020 Period. Legal Update
Infrastructure, Vietnam, Mayer Brown JSM, 2011.
3. Simanjuntak H., Chau L., Thai L.M. TNK Vietnam B.V. Applies Innovative Approach to Improve Reserves Booking. – TNK-BP Technology Magazine Innovator, #46, 2011.
4. Wu T., Permeability prediction and drainage capillary pressure simulation in
sandstone reservoirs: Doctoral Thesis, Texas: A&M University, 2004.
5. Li K., Theoretical development of the Brooks-Corey capillary pressure model
from factual modeling of porous media, SPE 89429, 2004.

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The oil and gas industry



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Geology and geologo-prospecting works


A.N. Kolchugin, V.P. Morozov, E.A. Korolev, A.A. Eskin (Institute of geology and oil and gas technology, Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, RF, Kazan), F.M. Gazeeva (TatNIPIneft, RF, Bugulma)
Typical sections of Bashkirian carbonate rocks and structure of oil deposits in southeast part of the Republic of Tatarstan

Key words: Bashkirian stage, structure of oil deposits, limestone, reservoir, petroleum, typical sections.

Carbonate rocks of Bashkirian stage are regional oil saturation in southeast part of the Republic of Tatarstan. Bashkirian reservoir rocks are not all oil saturation that is caused by environments of carbonate sedimentation. We suggest sedimentation scheme and typical lithological sections of Bashkirian layers. Lithological typification and reconstruction of sedimentation carbonate rocks allows to prospecting oil reservoir. Reservoir type of limestone irregularly detect in Bashkirian sequences. They can form massive and multilayer oil reservoir. Often, section absent reservoir limestone, so this section non perspective for oil development.
References
1. Geologiya Tatarstana: stratigrafiya i tektonika (Geology of Tatarstan:
Stratigraphy and tectonics): edited by Burov B.V., Moscow: GEOS Publ., 2003,
402 p.
2. Geologiya karbonatnykh slozhnopostroennykh kollektorov devona i karbona
Tatarstana (Geology of carbonate complexly Devonian and Carboniferous
reservoirs of Tatarstan): edited by Khisamov R.S., Kazan': Fen Publ., 2010,
283 p.
3. Chuvashov B.I., Litologiya i poleznye iskopaemye – Lithology and Mineral
Resources, 2001, no. 3, pp. 245-258.
4. Morozov V.P., Korolev E.A., Kol'chugin A.N., Karbonatnye porody vizeyskogo, serpukhovskogo i bashkirskogo yarusov nizhnego i srednego karbona
(Carbonate rocks of Visean, Serpukhov and Bashkirian stage of Lower and
Middle Carboniferous), Kazan': PF Gart Publ., 2008, 181 p.
5. Suleymanov E.I., Mukhametshin R.Z., Pozdnyakov A.G., Neftegazovaya geologiya i geofizika, 1983, no. 3, pp. 4-5.
6. Shakirov A.N., Geologicheskie osnovy primeneniya metodov uvelicheniya
nefteotdachi v produktivnykh otlozheniyakh paleozoya Tatarstana (Geological
basis for the use of EOR in productive Paleozoic Tatarstan), St. Petersburg:
Nedra Publ., 2003, 372 p.

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A.V. Akinshin, V.A. Efimov (Tyumen Branch of SurgutNIPIneft, RF, Tyumen)
Development of algorithms of logging data interpretation for volumetric parameters accuracy enhancement

Key words: micro-layering, shaliness, heterogeneity of saturation, petrophysical model, interpretation's algorithm.

This work examines petrophysical model and possibility of creation interpretation's algorithm of logging data for thin-layer rocks.

References
1. Borshchev V.V., Efimov V.A., Mal'shakov A.V., Romanov E.A., Collected papers “Puti realizatsii neftegazovogo i rudnogo potentsiala Khanty-Mansiyskogo
avtonomnogo okruga – Yugry” (Ways to implementation of oil, gas and
ore potential of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug - Yugra), 2001, n. 4,
pp. 328-339.
2. Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po podschetu geologicheskikh zapasov
nefti i gaza ob"emnym metodom (Guidelines for the calculation of geological
reserves of oil and gas by volumetric method): edited by Petersil'e V.I.,
Poroskun V.I., Yatsenko G.G., Moscow - Tver': Publ. of VNIGNI, NPTs Tver'geofizika, 2003, 262 p.

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A.V. Getman (Sintez Petroleum CJSC, RF, Moscow), V.L. Kiselev, A.S. Alekseev, V.P. Volkov (TING CJSC, RF, Tyumen), I.F. Ishmuratov (Negusneft JSC, RF, Radyzhny)
Some problems of geological model qualitative assessment

Key words: geological modeling, ranks variograms, geological and technical model, stochastic simulation method, the cube lithology, lithological discontinuity, ruggedness.

The influence of discontinuity characteristics in reservoir cube of the geological model on the result of filtration model and regulation of quality control characteristics of the geological model was viewed in the paper. Also the issue of correctness assessment of variograms settings raises. This aspects are not controlled the applicable regulatory documents for the permanent construction of geological and engineering models.
References
1. Metodicheskie ukazaniya po postroeniyu postoyanno deystvuyushchikh
geologo-tekhnologicheskikh modeley neftyanykh i gazoneftyanykh
mestorozhdeniy (Guidelines for the construction of permanent geological
and technological models of oil and gas fields), Part 1. Geologicheskie modeli
(Geological models), Moscow: Publ. of OAO “VNIIOENG”, 2002, 196 p.
2. Vremennyy reglament otsenki kachestva priemki trekhmernykh tsifrovykh
geologo-gidrodinamicheskikh modeley, predstavlyaemykh pol'zovatelyami
nedr v sostave tekhnologicheskikh proektov razrabotki mestorozhdeniy
uglevodorodnogo syr'ya na rassmotrenie TsKR Rosnedra po UVS. Protokol TsKR Rosnedra po UVS (Provisional Rules for assessing the quality of the acceptance
of digital three-dimensional geological and hydrodynamic models
submitted by the subsoil users in technological development projects of hydrocarbons to the CDC Rosnedra by hydrocarbon feedstocks. CDC protocol
Rosnedra by DPS), Moscow: Publ. of CDC Rosnedra, 2012, 82 p.
3. Neft'. Gaz. Novatsii, 2013, no. 7, 136 p.

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Drilling of chinks


A.S. Nemkov, D.Yu.Katoshin, B.F. Borisov, K.T. Velichko, V.O. Chvanov (Giprovostokneft OJSC, RF, Samara)
Research of polymer drilling muds impact on core-derived evaluation of reservoirs properties

Key words: polymer drilling muds, core, porosity, permeability, specific electric resistance.

On the example of a field in Orenburg region the authors researched an issue of adequate data obtained when analyzing the core taken using the polymer-clay drilling mud. It was shown that the drilling muds based on the polymers of polysaccharide class do not exert any significant distorting impact on the defined-by-the-core basic parameters (porosity, permeability, and electrical resistance at 100 % water saturation). In the meantime, when researching the rock samples of cavernous and porous type we should take into account the occurrence of transformation phenomenon of the porous space geometry as a result of separation of the particles of the rock matrix by the action of the water that is filtering through it, which may cause an artificial understatement of permeability after the water wash of the core.
References
1. Kuznetsov A.M., Kuznetsov V.V., Bogdanovich
N.N., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo – Oil Industry, 2011,
no. 1, pp. 21-23.
2. Borisov B.F., Gavura V.E., Kovalev A.G.,
Pokrovskiy V.V., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry,
1978, no. 2, pp. 25-28.
3. Glumov I.F., Collected papers “Voprosy geologii,
razrabotki neftyanykh mestorozhdeniy,
gidrodinamiki i fiziki plasta” (Questions of geology,
oil field development, fluid dynamics and
reservoir physics), Proceedings of TatNII, 1967,
V. Kh, pp. 403-416.

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S.E. Chernyshov, A.A. Melekhin, A.A. Kunitskikh, (Perm National Research Polytechnic University, RF, Perm), A.A. Shilkov, A.V. Mosin (Ontustik Munaigas JSC, Kazakhstan, Togus settlement)
Research of expanding ability of the cement slurries made on the basis of oil-well cement

Key words: oil well, cementing of casing, expanding cement slurry, technology of casing, quality of casing.

Application of cement slurries for cementing of casing of oil and gas wells without modifying additives on the basis of common oil-well cement often leads to emergence of cross-flow between beds right after cementation, as a result of their shrinkage. The authors developed expanding cement slurries on the basis of a common oil-well cement PCT-I-G with modifying additives. Researches of dynamics of increase in their linear expanding depending on type and quantity of expanding additives are conducted. Results of the trial tests of the developed expanding cement slurries are presented.

References
1. Melekhin A.A., Chernyshov S.E., Turbakov M.S., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo – Oil Industry, 2012, no. 3, pp. 50-52.
2. Melekhin A.A., Golodnov M.N., Devyatkova N.V. et al., Neftyanoe
khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2012, no. 9, pp. 55-57.
3. Chernyshov S.E., Turbakov M.S., Krysin N.I., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2011, no. 1, pp. 78-80.
4. Danyushevskiy V.S., Proektirovanie optimal'nykh sostavov tamponazhnykh
tsementov (Design of the well cements optimal compositions), Moscow:
Nedra Publ., 1978, 293 p.
5. Chernyshov S.E., Krysin N.I., Kunitskikh A.A., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2012, no. 8, pp. 108-110.

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Working out and operation of oil deposits


A.E. Folomeev, A.S. Vakhrushev , A.G. Mikhaylov (BashNIPIneft LLC, RF, Ufa)
On the optimization of acid compositions for geotechnical conditions of oilfields of Bashneft JSOC

Key words: bottomhole treatment, acid composition, colmatation, self-diverting acid composition.

Two ways of improving the acid stimulation are considered: optimization of acid composition to prevent the risks of mudding during the treatments; study of new technologies with the increased depth of penetration of theacid composition in the bottomhole formation zone and the coverage of not only high- , but low-permeability interlayers. The optimal concentrations of the acid compositions modifiers are sel ected taking into account geological and technical conditions of Bashneft-Dobycha LLC field development. The most effective additives are established and recommended for experimental field tests.
References
1. Abdulmazitov R.D., Baymukhametov K.S., Viktorin V.D., Geologiya i
razrabotka krupneyshikh i unikal'nykh neftyanykh i neftegazovykh
mestorozhdeniy Rossii (Geology and development of the largest and
most unique of oil and gas fields in Russia), Part 1, Moscow: Publ. of VNIIOENG,
1996 , 280 p.
2. Glushchenko V.N., Ptashko O.A., Kharisov R.Ya., Kislotnye obrabotki:
sostavy, mekhanizmy reaktsii, dizayn (Acid treatment: the compositions,
mechanisms of the reaction, design), Ufa: Gilem Publ., 2010,
388 p.
3. Loginov B.G., Malyshev L.G.. Garifullin Sh.S., Rukovodstvo po kislotnym
obrabotkam skvazhin (Guide to acid treatment of wells), Moscow:
Nedra Publ., 1966, 220 p.
4. Kharisov R.Ya., Folomeev A.E., Bulgakova G.T., Telin A.G., Neftyanoe
khozyaystvo – Oil Industry, 2011, no. 2, pp. 78-82.
5. Hirschberg ., de Jong L.N.J., Schipper B.A., Meijer J.G., Influence of
temperature and pressure on asphaltene flocculation, SPE 11202-PA,
1984.
6. Khisamutdinov N.I., Khasanov M.M., Telin A.G., Razrabotka
neftyanykh mestorozhdeniy (Oil field development), Part 1, Moscow:
Publ. of VNIIOENG, 1994, 170 p.
7. Akchurin V.A., Mar'in V.I., Demakhin A.G., Khimicheskie metody
udaleniya i predotvrashcheniya obrazovaniya ASPO pri dobyche nefti
(Chemical methods of removing and preventing the formation of paraffin
during oil production), Saratov: GOS UNTs Kolledzh Publ., 2001, 152 p.
8. Kharisov R.Ya., Folomeev A.E., Sharifullin A.R. et al., Proceedings of III
International Scientific and Practical Conference “Nanoyavleniya pri
razrabotke mestorozhdeniy uglevodorodnogo syr'ya: ot nanomineralogii
i nanokhimii k nanotekhnologiyam” (Nanophenomena in the development
of hydrocarbon fields: fr om nanomineralogy and nanochemistry to nanotechnology), Moscow: Neft' i gaz Publ., 2012,
pp. 256-261.
9. Jacobs I.C., Thorne M.A., Petrolite. Asphaltene precipitation during
acid stimulation treatments, SPE 14823-MS, 1986.
10. Houchin L.R., Dunlap D.D., Arnold B.D., Domke K.M., The occurrence
and control of acid-induced asphaltene sludge, SPE 19410-MS, 1990.
11. Patent no. 2395682 RF, Method of bottomhole acidising, Inventors:
Gallyamov I.M., Shuvalov A.V., Nazmiev I.M., Samigullin I.F., Malets O.N.,
Turdymatov A.N.
12. Taylor K.C., Nasr-El-Din H.A., Measurement of acid reaction rates
with the rotation disk apparatus, JCPT, June 2009, V. 48, no. 6, pp. 66-70.
13. Kharisov R.Ya., Folomeev A.E., Koptyaeva E.I., Telin A.G., Proceedings
of V All-Russian Scientific Conference Neftepromyslovaya
khimiya (Oilfield chemistry), 24-25 June 2010, Moscow: Publ. of Gubkin
nefti i gaza, 2010, pp. 91-92.
14. Kristian M., Sokol S., Konstantinesku A., Uvelichenie produktivnosti i
priemistosti skvazhin (Increase well productivity and injectivity),
Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1985, 184 p.
15. Sultan A.S., Balbuena P.B., Hill A.D., Nasr-El-Din H.A., Theoretical
study on the properties of cationic, amidoamine oxide and betaine viscoelastic
diverting surfactants in gas phase and water solution, SPE 121727-MS, 2009.
16. Shipilov A.I., Krutikhin E.V., Kudrevatykh N.V., Mikov A.I., Neftyanoe
khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2012, no. 2, pp. 80-83.

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R.R. Ibatullin (TatNIPIneft, RF, Bugulma), I.A. Guskova, A.T. Gabdrakhmanov, A.A. Rybakov (Almetyevsk State Oil Institute, RF, Almetyevsk), V.A. Taipova (Oil and Gas Production Department Aznakayevskneft, RF, Aznakayevo)
Evaluation of hydraulic fracturing efficiency based on the analysis of oil optical characteristics

Key words: hydraulic fracturing, residual oil reserves, oil recovery factor, sweep efficiency, displacement efficiency, light absorption coefficient.

This paper presents integrated analysis of hydraulic fracturing efficiency in residual oil displacement. Enhanced oil recovery methods increase both oil displacement efficiency and sweep efficiency. The authors propose integrated analysis of well flow rates and light absorption coefficient variations to evaluate the effect of fracturing technology on reservoir performance. This paper also presents comparative analysis of well performance and light absorption coefficient variation data. The analysis has been performed for Devonian terrigenous deposits of the Romashkinskoye field.
References
1. Patent no. 2429343 RF, Oil deposit development method, Inventors:
Ibragimov N.G., Gus'kova I.A., Ibatullin R.R. et al.
2. Gus'kova I.A., Gabdrakhmanov A.T., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo – Oil Industry,
2011, no 4, pp. 101103.

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Technics and technology of oil recovery


G.P. Khizhnyak, I.N. Ponomarev, A.M. mirov, P.Yu. Ilyushin (Perm National Research Polytechnical University, RF, Perm), V.N. Gluschenko (Scientific-Production Enterprise IMPULSE LLC, RF, Ufa), O.A. Ptashko (Institute of Petroleum Technology and New Materials, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Bashkortostan, RF, Ufa)
Filtration studies of new compounds for the treatment of acid carbonate reservoirs

Key words: bottomhole formation zone, carbonate reservoir, acid composition, reaction retarders, permeability.

In the laboratory, on the real core samples , a comparative tests of acid solutions are performed. Tests were carried out on carbonate cores of gas and oil deposits at various reservoir temperatures.

It is confirmed that there is an optimum injection rate of acid composition, allowing the dominant form a highly conductive solution channel with a minimum amount of acid composition.

References
1. Glushchenko V.N., Khizhnyak G.P., Geologiya, geofizika i razrabotka
neftyanykh i gazovykh mestorozhdeniy, 2010, no. 9, pp. 55-60.
2. Glushchenko V.N., Ptashko O.A., Kharisov R.Ya., Denisova A.V., Kislotnye
obrabotki: sostavy, mekhanizmy reaktsiy, dizayn (Acid treatment: compounds, mechanisms of reactions, design), Ufa: Gilem Publ., 2010, 392 p.

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The oil-field equipment


A.S. Ermakova, E.V. Poshvin (Novomet -Perm CJSC, RF, Perm), S.N. Peshcherenko (Perm National Research Polytechnic University, RF, Perm)
Prediction of conditions of the safe operation of submersible motor

Key words: submersible electrical motor, simulation of termal regime, model reservoir – well ESPsystem, minimum fluid velocity, ESP system failures.

The technique of selecting safe conditions of submersible motors operation, based on a simulation model of its thermal regime by the methods of computational fluid dynamics is suggested. The correspondence of calculated data to the results of the thermal bench test is shown. By means of commonly used today programs of selection electrical centrifugal pump units for wells borehole fluid properties, required for the transfer the technique on the operating conditions, are determined. Examples of the calculation of the critical speeds of the cooling fluid for a number of submersible motors are given.
References
1. Kozyaruk A.E., Zhukovskiy Yu.L., Gornoe oborudovanie i elektromekhanika,
2008, no. 1, pp. 26-29.
2. Fedorov M.M., Maleev D.M., Proceedings of Donetsk National Technical
University, Ser. “Elektrotekhnka energetika” (Electrical Engineering and
Energy), Donetsk: Publ. of Donetsk National Technical University, 2005, pp.
22-26.
3. Khomutov I.O., Bondarenko T.E., Gribanov A.A., Polzunovskiy vestnik,
2002, no. 1, pp. 4-9.
4. Syrtsov A.I., Nevzilin B.I., Proceedings of Donetsk National Technical University,
2011, no. 11(186), pp. 385-387.
5. Sipaylov G.A., Sannikov D.I., Zhadan D.I., Teplovye, gidravlicheskie i aerodinamicheskie
raschety v elektricheskikh mashinakh (Thermal, hydraulic
and aerodynamic calculations in electrical machines), Moscow: Vysshaya
shkola Publ., 1989, 239 p.
6. Vieser W., Esch T., Menter F., Heat transfer predictions using advanced
two-equation turbulence models, CFX Validation Report, CFX-VAL10/0602,
2002, 73 p.
7. Prediction methods for turbulent flows, V. II, edited by Kollmann W., Vki-
Book, Hemisphere Publishing Corp., Washington, Dc., 1980.
8. Bakhvalov N.S., Panasenko G.P., Osrednenie protsessov v periodicheskikh
sredakh (Averaging processes in periodic media), Moscow: Nauka
Publ., 1984, 352 p.
9. Dul'nev G.R., Zarichnyak Yu.P., Teploprovodnost' smesey i kompozitsionnykh
materialov (The thermal conductivity of composite materials and
mixtures), Leningrad: Energiya Publ., 1968, 359 p.
10. Smidovich E.V., Tekhnologiya pererabotki nefti i gaza (Oil and gas refining
technologies), Part 2, Moscow: Khimiya Publ., 1980, 398 p.
11. Kuptsov S.M., Teplofizicheskie svoystva plastovykh zhidkostey i gornykh
porod neftyanykh mestorozhdeniy (Thermo-physical properties of reservoir
fluids and rocks of oil fields), Moscow: Nedra-Biznestsentr Publ., 2008, 205 p.
12. Shterenberg A.M., Tyutyaev A.V., Malyshev M.V., Dolzhikov A.S., Collected
papers Problemy intensifikatsii dobychi nefti i kapital'nogo remonta
skvazhin, Samara: Publ. of Samara State Technical University, 2012. S. 56-59.
13. Romanova N.A., Aliev Z.Z., Buranchin A.R., Neftegazovoe delo Oil and
Gas Business, 2009, V. 7, no. 1, pp. 43-48.
14. Eygenson A.S., Sheykh D.M., Geologiya nefti i gaza The journal Oil and
Gas Geology, 1989, no. 11.
15. Mikheev M.A., Mikheeva I.M., Osnovy teploperedachi (Fundamentals
of heat transfer), Moscow: Energiya Publ., 1977, 344 p.
16. Tronov V.P., Promyslovaya podgotovka nefti (Field oil treatment),
Kazan': Fen Publ., 2000, 414 p.

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M.A. Shevchenko (Astrakhan State Technical University, RF, Astrakhan
On the possibility of fluidic devices use for switching sensors of well bottom telemetry equipment

Key words: well drilling, measurement while drilling, commutator, fluidic devices, sensor.

The use of fluidic devices for the development of the well bottom telemetry equipment is offered. Fluidic devices have a high reliability, a simple construction and a small size. The assembly of the fluidic commutator for the well bottom telemetry system is given. The fluidic logical elements such “AND”, OR and NOT are taken as a basis of the commutator. The offered device allows realizing the camp-on switching of four well bottom sensors.

References
1. Zalmanzon L.A., Aerogidrodinamicheskie metody izmereniya vkhodnykh
parametrov avtomaticheskikh sistem(Aerohydrodynamic methods for measuring
the input parameters of automatic systems), Moscow: Nedra Publ.,
1973, 464 p.
2. Chudakov A.D., Tsifrovye ustroystva pnevmoniki (Digital devices of pneumonics), Moscow: Energiya Publ., 1971, 112 p.
3. Inventor's Certificate no. 1209837 USSR, MKI3 E21 V 47/022, Ustroystvo dlya izmereniya ugla iskrivleniya skvazhiny (Device for measuring the angle of well
curvature), Inventors: Borodin D.A., Esaulenko V.N., Esaulenko S.I.
4. Inventor's Certificate no. 1298365 USSR, MKI3 E21 5 0V 47/06, Ustroystvo dlya izmereniya temperatury v skvazhinakh (Device for measuring the temperature
in wells), Inventors: Esaulenko V.N., Esaulenko S.I., Borodin D.A.
5. Inventor's Certificate no. 1627686 USSR, MKI3 E21 5 0V 47/06, Ustroystvo dlya izmereniya davleniya v skvazhinakh (Device for measuring the pressure in the
wells), Inventor Esaulenko V.N.
6. Patent no. 2468201 RF, MPK E21B 47/0228 G01C 9/00, Ustroystvo dlya opredeleniya parametrov iskrivleniya skvazhin (Device for determining well deviation parameters), Inventors: Esaulenko V.N., Shevchenko M.A.
7. Esaulenko V.N., Kontrol' i avtomaticheskoe regulirovanie zaboynykh parametrov
v protsesse bureniya glubokikh skvazhin na neft' i gaz (Monitoring and
automatic control of downhole parameters in the process of drilling deep
wells for oil and gas), Astrakhan': Publ. of Astrakhan State Technical University, 2003, 188 s.

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Pipeline transport of oil


S.S. Primakov (Institute Neftegazproject, RF, Tyumen), V.E. Vershinin (Research and Production Enterprise Arctika LLC, RF, Tyumen), I.A. Zholobov (Giprotyumenneftegaz OAO, HMS Group, RF, Tyumen)
Thermal power interaction hot buried pipeline with permafrost soils

Key words: thermal power interaction with pipeline, thermal design, strength calculation, halo thawing, irregular settling, numerical work, permafrost soils.

Pipeline integrity and the preservation of its design position, one of the key tasks in pipeline transport. To assess the reliability of the hot buried pipelines on permafrost, strength calculation should be performed together with thermal design. The research paper suggests a method of calculating the irregularity of subsidence of soil thawing and its impact on the stresses in the pipe wall. Software package is created for development of technical solutions to ensure reliable operation of the pipeline.
References
1. Programmnaya sistema START. Raschet prochnosti i zhestkosti truboprovodov.
Rukovodstvo pol'zovatelya (The software system START. Calculation
of strength and stiffness pipelines. User's Guide), V. 4.66. – M., 2011.
2. Kutateladze S.S., Osnovy teorii teploobmena (Fundamentals of the theory
of heat transfer), Moscow: Atomizdat Publ., 1979, 416 p.
3. Kondrat'ev V.G., Perekupka A.G., Primakov S.S., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo
Oil Industry, 2012, no. 10, pp. 122-125.
4. Porkhaev G.V., Teplovoe vzaimodeystvie zdaniy i sooruzheniy s vechnomerzlymi gruntami (Thermal interaction between constructions and permafrost
soils), Moscow: Nauka Publ., 1970, 208 .
5. Primakov S.S., Zholobov I.A., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2013,
no. 2, pp. 82-84.

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Shelf development


A.T. Panarin, O.V. Razumova, E.N. Koroleva (Gazprom Neft Shelf LLC, RF, Moscow), A.M. Semenov, I.L. Evstafyev, R.G. Alkhimov (Gazprom VNIIGAZ LLC, RF, Moscow), E.Yu. Golichenko (Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, RF, Moscow)
Production forecast for Prirazlomnoye oil field in conditions of oil-water zone structure uncertainty

Key words: transition zone, phase permeability, the Monte Carlo method, simulation.

On the basis of the hydrodynamic model using statistical modeling estimated is the impact on the dynamics of oil withdrawal of three uncertain factors: changing the position of the oil-water contact and the surface boundaries of the transition zone, while maintaining the value of the initial oil reserves; possible variations in the density of heavy oil; change in the distribution of zones of different phase permeabilities in the reservoir. Mathematical modeling of the 100 realizations of PVT properties of oil-water zone showed good stability of the base variant of development with respect to changes in these factors. The bulk of the realizations leads to minor changes in the design dynamics of production, although the variation in the cumulative production for individual wells is much larger.
References
1. Vovk V.S., Zakharov E.V., Chernov Yu.Ya. et al., Collected papers “Sostoyanie i perspektivy osvoeniya morskikh neftegazovykh mestorozhdeniy” (Status and prospects of the development of offshore oil and gas fields), Moscow:
Publ. of OOO VNIIGAZ, 2003, pp. 91-100.
2. Razumova O.V., Panarin A.T., Koroleva E.N., Proceedings of Scientific and
practical workshop Aktual'nye voprosy proektirovaniya razrabotki
mestorozhdeniy uglevodorodov (Current issues of design of hydrocarbon
fields development), 22 maya 2011, Moscow: Publ. of OOO Gazprom VNIIGAZ, 2011, p. 20.
3. Alkhimov R.G., Semenov A.M., Chernov Yu.Ya., Collected papers Osvoenie
morskikh neftegazovykh mestorozhdeniy: sostoyanie, problemy i perspektivy
(Development of offshore oil and gas fields: Status, Challenges and
Prospects), Moscow: Publ. of OOO Gazprom VNIIGAZ, 2008, pp. 94-102.
4. Mikhaylov N.N., Kol'chitskaya T.N., Dzhemesyuk A.V., Semenova N.A.
Fiziko-geologicheskie problemy ostatochnoy neftenasyshchennosti (Physical
and geological problems of residual oil saturation), Moscow: Nauka
Publ., 1993, 173 p.
5. Khanin A.A.,Ostatochnaya voda v kollektorakh nefti i gaza (Residual water
in the reservoirs of oil and gas), Moscow: Gostoptekh Publ., 1963, 208 p.
6. Ermakov C.M., Metod Monte-Karlo i smezhnye voprosy (The Monte Carlo
method and related matters), Moscow: Nauka Publ., 1975, 471 p.

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Ecological and industrial safety


L.E. Shkitsa, T.M. Yatsyshyn (Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas, Ukraine, Ivano-Frankivsk), A.A. Popov (European University, Ukraine, Kiev), V.A. Artemchuk (Pukhov Institute for Modeling in Energy Engineering, Ukraine, Kiev)
The development of mathematical tools for ecological safe of atmosfere on the drilling well area

Key words: pump-circulating, drilling fluid, evaporation, pollution of atmosphere, environmental safety of atmosphere.

This article presents the developed mathematical models of the pollutants extension on the surface layer from the line and area sources that allow the predict pollution of the atmosphere.

Based on the model example in the software Matlab 7 possible applications of models for calculating concentrations of the components of the drilling fluid evaporating from different parts of the drill: the surface of elevated drill pipe and ditch system - line sources, sludge pits drive - area sources. The developed models are an effective tool to support decision making on the problems of environmental safety of the atmosphere.
References
1. Shktsa L.., Yatsishin T.M., Collected papers “Suchasn problemi ta shlyakhi
kh virshennya v nauts, transport, virobnitstv ta osvt 2012” (Current problems
and their solutions in science, transportation, manufacturing and education,
2012), Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Internet Conference, URL: http://www.sworld.com.ua/konfer29/1018.pdf.
2. Shktsa L.., Yatsishin T.M., Popov O.O., Naukoviy vsnik FNTUNG, 2012, no. 3 (33), pp. 56-62.
3. RD 39-133-94. Instruktsiya po okhrane okruzhayushchey sredy pri stroitel'stve
skvazhin na neft' i gaz na sushe (Instructions for the protection of the environment
during the construction of wells for oil and gas onshore), Moscow: Publ.
of NPO Burovaya tekhnika, 1994, 118 p.
4. RD 39-142-00. Metodika rascheta vybrosov vrednykh veshchestv v
okruzhayushchuyu sredu ot neorganizovannykh istochnikov neftegazovogo
oborudovaniya (Method of calculating the emission of harmful substances
into the environment from fugitive sources of oil and gas equipment),
Krasnodar: Publ. of NIPIgazpererabotka, 2000, 15 p.
5. Metodika raschetno-eksperimental'nogo opredeleniya vybrosov zagryaznyayushchikh veshchestv s poverkhnostey ispareniya na predpriyatiyakh
neftekhimii i neftepererabotki (Computational and experimental
method of determining emissions of pollutants from surfaces of evaporation
at petrochemical plants and oil refining), Krasnodar: Publ. of Kuban'eko,
1996, 23 p.
6. Yatsishin T.M., Modelyuvannya ta nformatsyn tekhnolog, 2012, no. 65,
pp. 45-55.
7. Berlyand M.E., Prognoz i regulirovanie zagryazneniya atmosfery (Prediction
and control of atmospheric pollution), Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat Publ., 1975, 267p.
8. Metodika rascheta kontsentratsiy v atmosfernom vozdukhe vrednykh
veshchestv, soderzhashchikhsya v vybrosakh predpriyatiy (Method of calculating
the concentrations in the atmosphere of harmful substances contained
in the plant's emissions), Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat Publ., 1987, 126 p.

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From history of development of petroleum industry


Yu.V.Evdoshenko
Engineer A.V.Ivanov: at "Grozneft" sources (to the 120 anniversary of the Grozny oil industry)


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