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December 2012




The oil and gas companies


M.M. Khasanov (Gazprom Neft JSC, RF, Saint-Petersburg)
Principles of technological development in upstream business of Gazprom Neft JSC

Key words: new technologies, innovation, technological management, scientific and technological cooperation.

Continuous development of new and more efficient E&P technologies provides a lot of opportunities to every oil & gas company in the world. In order to capture the whole potential of new technologies Gazprom Neft JSC is building its capabilities and corporate culture based on several key principles. Consistent implementation of these principles will allow the company to become an efficient pipeline of finding and implementing new technologies and to successfully reach its strategic goals.

References

1. Bludorov A.P., Istoriya paleozoyskogo uglenakopleniya na yugo-vostoke Russkoy platformy (The history of the Paleozoic coal accumulation in the southeast of the Russian Platform), Moscow: Nauka Publ., 1964, 256 p.

2. Gafurov Sh.Z., Khasanov R.R., Razvedka i okhrana nedr – Prospect and protection of mineral resources, 2000, no. 6, pp. 37-41.

3. Khisamov R.S., Gatiyatullin N.S., Gafurov Sh.Z., Khasanov R.R., Geologiya i resursy Kamskogo ugol'nogo basseyna na territorii Respubliki Tatarstan (Geology and resources of the Kama Coal Basin in the Republic of Tatarstan), Kazan': Fen Publ., 2009, 159 p.

4. Golitsyn M.V., Pronina N.V., Collected works “Geologiya ugol'nykh mestorozhdeniy” (Geology of coal deposits), Ekaterinburg: Publ. of Ural State Mining Academy, 2002, V. 12, pp. 19-30.

5. Kreynin E.V., Netraditsionnye termicheskie tekhnologii dobychi trudnoizvlekaemykh topliv: ugol', uglevodorodnoe syr'e (Unconventional thermal technology of extraction hard-to-recover fuels: coal, hydrocarbons), Moscow: Publ. of OOO IRTs Gazprom, 2004, 302 p.

6. Larochkina I.A., Geologicheskie osnovy poiskov i razvedki neftegazovykh mestorozhdeniy na territorii respubliki Tatarstan (Geological basis of prospecting and exploration of oil and gas deposits in the Republic of Tatarstan), Kazan': OOO PF Gart Publ., 2008, 210 p.

7. Maloletnev A.C., Shpirt M.Ya., Rossiyskiy khimicheskiy zhurnal Russian Journal of General Chemistry, 2008, V. LII, no. 6, pp. 44-52.

8. Neftegazonosnost' Respubliki Tatarstan. Geologiya i razrabotka neftyanykh mestorozhdeniy (Petroleum potential of the Republic of Tatarstan. Geology and development of oil fields): edited by Muslimov R.Kh., V. 1, Kazan': Fen Publ., 2007, 316 p.

9. Muslimov R.Kh., Suleymanov E.I., Larochkina I.A. et al., Geologiya, geofizika i razrabotka neftyanykh mestorozhdeniy,1994, no. 5-6, pp. 25- 29.

10. Gafurov Sh.Z., Larochkina I.A., Timofeev A.A., Khasanov R.R., Ugol'naya baza Rossii (Russian coal base), V.1: Ugol'nye basseyny i mestorozhdeniya Evropeyskoy chasti Rossii (Severnyy Kavkaz, Vostochnyy Donbass, Podmoskovnyy, Kamskiy, Pechorskiy basseyny, Ural) (Coal basins and deposits of the European part of Russia (North Caucasus, Eastern Donbass, Moscow Region, Kamsky, Pechora Basins, the Urals)), Moscow: ZAO Geoinformmark Publ., 2000, pp. 133-169.

11. Khrustaleva G.K., Medvedeva G.A., Razvedka i okhrana nedr Prospect and protection of mineral resources, 2006, no. 9-10, pp. 33-39.

12. Hyder Z., Riperi N., Karmis M., Underground coal gasification and potential for greenhouse gas emission reduction, Society of Petroleum Engineers - Carbon Management Technology Conference, 2012, V. 1, pp. 368-372.

13. Wang G.X., Wang Z.T., Feng B. et al., Semi-industrial tests on enhanced underground coal gasification at Zhong-Liang-Shan coal mine, Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering, pp. 771-779.

14. Younger P.L., Hydrogeological and geomechanical aspects of underground coal gasification and its direct coupling to Carbon capture and storage, Mine Water and the Enviroment, 2011, pp. 127-140.

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Geology and geologo-prospecting works


V.E. Verzhbitsky, S.V. Malysheva (Gazpromneft NTC LLC, RF, Saint-Petersburg), S.D. Sokolov, M.I. Tuchkova (Geological Institute of RAS, RF, Moscow), S.F. Khafizov (Gazprom Neft JSC, RF, Saint-Petersburg)
Problems of tectonics and petroleum potential of Russian sector of the Chukchi Sea

Key words: the Chukchi Sea, North Chukchi Basin, Arctic Alaska, geological structure, tectonic evolution, stratigraphy, correlation, petroleum systems.

The Russian Chukchi Sea is one of the most remote regions of Eastern Arctic with very high hydrocarbon potential. It is widely believed that the North Chukchi Basin of the Russian Chukchi Sea has similar geological structure and evolution with the famous US North Slope of Alaska petroleum province. Here we discuss the principal tectonic events, present-day structure and stratigraphy, and proposed hydrocarbon systems of North Chukchi Basin.

References

1. Orudzheva D.S., Obukhov A.N., Agapitov D.D., Geologiya nefti i gaza – The journal Oil and Gas Geology, 1999, no. 3-4, pp. 28 33.

2. Burlin Yu.K., Shipel'kevich Yu.V., Vestnik MGU. Seriya 4: Geologiya Moscow University Geology Bulletin, 2005, no. 5, pp. 29-41.

3. Khain V.E., Filatova N.I., Polyakova I.D., Tektonika, geodinamika i perspektivy neftegazonosnosti Vostochno-Arkticheskikh morey i ikh kontinental'nogo obramleniya (Tectonics, geodynamics and petroleum potential of the Eastern Arctic seas and the continental border), Proceedings of the Geological Institute of the RAS, Moscow: Nauka Publ., 2009, V. 601, 227 p.

4. Malyshev N.A., Obmetko V.V., Borodulin A.A., Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy vestnik OAO “NK Rosneft'”, 2010, no. 1, pp. 20-28.

5. Verzhbitsky V., Frantzen E., Savostina T. et al., The Russian Chukchi sea shelf, GEO ExPro, 2008, V. 5, no. 3, pp. 36-41, URL: http://www.geo365.no/TGS-Chukchi/.

6. Katkov S.M., Striklend A., Miller E.L., Toro Dzh., Doklady Akademii nauk Doklady Earth Sciences, 2007, V. 414, no.1, pp. 515-518.

7. Sokolov S.D., Bondarenko G.Ye., Layer P.W., I.R. Kravchenko-Berezhnoy, Geology, geophysics and tectonics of Northeastern Russia: a tribute to Leonid Parfenov, European Geosciences Union, Stephan Mueller Publication Series, 2009, V. 4, pp. 201-221.

8. Kos'ko M.K., Avdyunichev V.V., Ganelin V.G. et al., Ostrov Vrangelya: geologicheskoe stroenie, minerageniya, geoekologiya (Wrangel Island: geology, minerageny, geoecology), St. Petersburg: Publ. of VNIIOkeangeologiya, 2003, 137 p.

9. Drachev S.S., Malyshev N.A., Nikishin A.M., Tectonic history and petroleum geology of the Russian Arctic Shelves: an overview. From Mature Basins to New Frontiers, Proceedings of the 7th Petroleum Geology Conference: Geological Society London, 2010, V. 7, pp. 591-619.

10. Miller E.L., Toro J., Gehrels G., Amato J.M., Prokopiev A, Tuchkova M.I., Akinin V.V., Dumitru T.A., Moore T.E., Cecile M.P., New Insights into Arctic paleogeography and tectonics from U-Pb detrital zircon geochronology, Tectonics 25, 2006, TC3013/

11. Bird K.J., Houseknecht D.W., Geology and petroleum potential of the Arctic Alaska petroleum province, Arctic Petroleum Geology. Geological Society, London: Memoirs, no. 35, pp. 485499.

12. Sherwood K.W., Johnson P.P., Craig et al., Structure and stratigraphy of the Hanna Trough, U.S. Chukchi Shelf, Tectonic evolution of the Bering Shelf-Chukchi Sea-Arctic Margin and Adjacent Landmasses: Boulder, Colorado, Geological Society of America Special Paper 360, 2002, pp. 39-66.

13. Miller E.L., Gehrels G.E., Pease V., Sokolov S., Stratigraphy and U-Pb detrital zircon geochronology of Wrangel Island, Russia: Implications for Arctic paleogeography, AAPG Bulletin, 2010, V. 94, no. 5, pp. 665692.

14. Tikhomirov P.L., Kalinina E.A., Kobayashi K. et al., Collected works Obshchie i regional'nye problemy tektoniki i geodinamiki (General and regional problems of tectonics and geodynamics), XLI Tektonicheskoe soveshchanie, V. 2, Moscow: GEOS Publ., 2008, 538 p.

15. Grinenko O.V., Zharikova L.P., Fradkina A.F. et al., Paleogen i neogen Severo-Vostoka SSSR (Paleogene and Neogene of the North-East of the USSR), Yakutsk: YaNTs SO AN SSSR, 1989, 184 p.

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S.V. Malysheva, V.E. Vasilyev, D.K. Komissarov (Gazpromneft NTC LLC, RF, Saint-Petersburg), M. Saint-Germes, J.-M. Laigle (Beicip Franlab, France, Rueil-Malmaison), M. V. Pereslegin (Salym Petroleum Development LLC, RF, Moscow), S.F. Khafizov (Gazprom Neft JSC; RF, Saint-Petersburg, Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, RF, Moscow)
Modeling of Bazhenov formation of Western Siberia as an unconventional hydrocarbon source

Key words: Bazhenov formation, basin modeling, unconventional resources, organic porosity.

The case study of Bazhenov formation of Western Siberia shows methodological approach for unconventional hydrocarbon potential assessment with basin modeling tools. The study results include maturity schemes of Bazhenov formation in the study area, volumes of generated hydrocarbons and Bazhenov formation self-sourced potential estimates. A lot of attention paid for creating present day TOC maps and initial TOC restoration as well as calculation of “organic” porosity which is formed when kerogen transforms into hydrocarbons.

References

1. Tektonicheskaya karta yurskogo strukturnogo etazha Zapadno-Sibirskoy neftegazonosnoy provintsii (Tectonic map of the Jurassic structural floor of the West Siberian oil and gas province): edited by Kontorovich A.E., 2001.

2. Khafizov S.F., Filippovich Yu.V., Kosenkova N.N. et al., Neftyanoe Khozyaystvo – Oil Industry, 2011, no. 12, pp. 4-7.

3. Cluff B., Miller M., Log evaluation of gas shales: a 35-year perspective, 2010.

4. Kurchikov A.R., Stavitskiy B.P., Geotermiya neftegazonosnykh oblastey Zapadnoy Sibiri (Geothermics of oil and gas areas in Western Siberia), Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1987, 134 p.

5. Semenov V.V. et al., Spetsial'nyy analiz kerna skvazhin s mestorozhdeniy, razrabatyvaemykh Salym Petroleum Development N.V. (Special analysis of borehole cores from fields developed by "Salym Petroleum Development NV"), Tyumen, ZAO Neftekom Publ., 2010.

6. Lopatin N. V., Emets T.P., Neftegeneratsionnye svoystva bazhenovskoy svity na territorii Khanty-Mansiyskogo AO. Puti realizatsii neftegazovogo potentsiala KhMAO (Oil lasing properties of of the Bazhenov Formation in the Khanty-Mansiysk. Ways of implementation of oil and gas potential KhMAO), 1999, pp. 134-161.

7. Telnaes N., Isaksen J.H., Douglas A.G., A geochemical investigation of samples from the Volgian Bazhenov Formation, Western Siberia, Russia, Org. Geochem, 1994, V. 21, no. 5, pp. 545-558.

8. Peters K.E., Walters C.C., Moldowan J.M., The biomarker guide. Biomarkers and isotopes in petroleum exploration and Earth history, UK Cambridge University Press, 1155 p.

9. Loucks R.G., Reed R.M., Ruppel S.C., Jarvie D.M., Morphology, genesis, and distribution of nanometer-scale pores in Siliceous Mudstones of the Mississippian Barnett Shale, J. Sedimentary Research, 2009, V. 79, pp. 848-861.

10. Passey Q.R., Bohacs K.M., Esch W.L., ExxonMobil Upstream Research Co. From oil-prone source rock to gas-producing shale reservoir geologic and petrophysical characterization of unconventional shale-gas reservoirs, SPE 131350.

11. Curtis M.E. et al., Investigating the microstructure of gas shales by FIB, SEM Tomography & STEM Imaging.

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M.A. Cherevko (Gazpromneft-Khantos LLC, Khanty-Mansiysk), V.V. Karanov, A.S. Bochkov, A.N. Sitnikov Klimov (Gazpromneft NTC LLC, RF, Saint-Petersburg)
Petrofacial modeling of Priobskoye field as the basis of geological model detalization and field development optimization

Key words: petrofacial model, well logging, lithofacies, reservoir properties, hydrodynamic activity level, southern license area of Priobskoe field.

Article presents the approach to foundation of the petrofacial model of Priobskoye field. It is shown that petrofacial approach can detail geological modeling in order to increase effectiveness of field development monitoring and, in particular, in the undrilled areas. Also, presented method is able to consolidate heterogeneous and different-scale geological information and development data in order to decrease uncertainty in planning of drilling on the edges of the field.

References

1. Muromtsev V.S., Elektrometricheskaya geologiya peschanykh tel – litologicheskikh lovushek nefti i gaza (Electrometric geology of sand bodies - lithologic oil and gas traps), Leningrad: Nedra Publ., 1984, 259 p.

2. Conybeare C., Geomorphology of oil and gas fields in sandstone bodies, Elsevier, 1976, 353 p.

3. Cosentino L., Integrated reservoir studies, Paris: Editions Technip, 2001, 310 p.

4. Leeder, M.R., Sedimentology process and product, Boston: George Allen and Unwin, 1982, 344 p.

5. Reading H.G., Sedimentary environments: processes, facies and stratigraphy (3rd edition), U.K., Oxford: Blackwell Science Pulb., 1996, 706 p.

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Drilling of chinks


D.A. Samolovov (Gazpromneft NTC LLC, RF, Saint-Petersburg)
Technical and economic assessment of optimal well clustering

Key words: number of wells in cluster, well clusters position, well clustering optimization.

Optimization of well clustering is discussed. Proposed mathematical model describes capital expenditures on well drilling and well clusters building. Factors influencing on capital expenditure is examined. Graphical and analytical approach to optimal well clustering calculation is proposed.

References

1. Grekov S.V., Kornienko O.A., Mirzoev D.A., Samsonov R.O., Neftegazovoe delo – Oil and Gas Business, 2007.

2. RD 08-435-02, Instruktsiya po bezopasnosti odnovremennogo proizvodstva burovykh rabot, osvoeniya i ekspluatatsii skvazhin na kuste (Safety instruction for simultaneous production drilling, development and operation of wells on the bush), Moscow, 2002.

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Working out and operation of oil deposits


M.M. Khasanov, O.S. Ushmaev (Gazpromneft NTC LLC, RF, Saint-Petersburg), S.A. Nekhaev, D.M. Karamutdinova
Selection of optimal parameters of oil field development

Key words: field development optimization, well spacing, production rate.

This paper describes a new method for selection of well spacing and production rate for an oil field. We express net present value as function of well spacing and the production rate. Then we introduce dimensionless parameters that describe optimal well spacing and production rate. Analysis of optimal development parameters shows the effect of the discount rate on the parameters of development. We reveal that overestimation of discounting factor potentially leads to incorrect technical decisions. We illustrate an application of our method with examples of Western Siberia and Yamal oil fields.

1. Roberts T., Economics of well spacing, SPE 240, 1961.

2. Matheron G., Osnovy prikladnoy geostatistiki (Principles of geostatistics), Moscow: Mir Publ., 1968.

3. Lohrenz J., Burzlaff B.H., Elmer L.D., How policies affect rates of recovery from mineral sources, SPE 9553, 1981.

4. Nystad A.N., Reservoir economic optimization, SPE 13775, 1985.

5. Bobar A.R., Reservoir engineering concepts on well spacing, SPE 15338, 1985.

6. Hayhow I.G., Lemee J.A., Reserves to production ratios and present value relationships, SPE 59783, 2000.

7. Laughton D.G., Modern asset pricing and project evaluation in the energy industry, The Journal of Energy Literature, 2000, 6-1.

8. Corrie R.D., An analytical solution to estimate the optimum number of development wells to achieve maximum economical return, SPE 71431, 2001.

9. Vol'gemut E.A., Kornienko O.A., Mirzoev D.A., Nikitin P.P., Neftegazovoe delo, 2007.

10. John U.M., Onyekonwu M.O., Non-linear programming for well spacing optimisation of oil reservoirs, SPE 140674, 2010.

11. Khasanov M., Ushmaev O., Nekhaev S., Karamutdinova D., The optimal parameters for oil field development, SPE 162089, 2012.

12. Arps J.J., Analysis of decline curves, Trans. AIME: 160, 228-247, 1945.

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A.V. Bilinchuk (Gazprom Neft JSC, RF, Saint-Petersburg), A.N. Sitnikov, A.S. Bochkov, D.V. Alekcandrov, D.A. Borisov, S.V. Klimov (Gazpromneft NTC LLC, RF, Saint-Petersburg)
Integrated control of fields development on the base of conceptual geological modeling

Key words: sedimentary model, fields at the late stage of development, sedimentological anisotropy, geological drilling rating.

The article considers the issues of the involvement of the depositional model in the decisions in field development problems by the example of one of the fields in Western Siberia at the late stage of development. It is shown that the intergrated geological model which connects geological features with field development data should be a basis for forecasting and operational monitoring of the field development.

References

1. Baraboshkin E.Yu., Prakticheskaya sedimentologiya (The practical sedimentology), Tomsk: Publ. of Tomsk Polytechnic University, 2007, 154 p.

2. Bochkov A.S., Galeev R.R., Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy vestnik OAO “NK Rosneft'”, 2011, no. 4, pp. 6-10.

3. Kosentino L., Sistemnye podkhody k izucheniyu plastov (Systems approaches to the study of reservoirs), Moscow - Izhevsk: IKI Publ., 2008, 400 p.

4. Lider M.R., Sedimentologiya. Protsessy i produkty (Sedimentology. Processes and products), Moscow: Mir Publ., 1986, 439 p.

5. Karogodin Yu.N., Kazanenkov V.A., Ershov S.V., Ryl'kov S.A., Severnoe Priob'e Zapadnoy Sibiri. Geologiya i neftegazonosnost' neokoma: Sistemno-litologicheskiy aspekt (Northern Priobye of West Siberia. Geology and petroleum potential of the Neocomian: System-lithological aspect), Novosibirsk: Publ. of IGGiM SI of RAS, 2000, 224 p.

6. Selley R.C., Ancient sedimentary environments, New York: Springer-Verlag, LLC, 1988, 336 p.

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D.N. Gulyaev, A.I. Ipatov, M.I. Kremenetsky, S.I. Melnikov (Gazpromneft NTC LLC, RF, Saint-Petersburg), E.E. Mikhajlenko (Salym Petroleum Development LLC, RF, Moscow)
Reservoir management by long-term downhole production monitoring on the example of Western Salymskoye oilfield

Key words: managing the development, well-testing, permanent downhole gages (PDG).

Long term downhole production monitoring by permanent downhole gages (PDG) becomes key element of production control system. It allows determining pressure and skin changes with time, well interference and formation changes vs. distance. On base of such information workovers, hydrofractures, acidizing and other treatment and development manage actions are recommended for production enhancement.

References

1. Gulyaev D.N., Kokurina V.V., Kremenetskiy M.I. et al., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo – Oil Industry, 2012, no. 5, pp. 82-85.

2. Kokurina V.V., Kremenetskiy M.I., Mel'nikov S.I. et al., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2010, no. 12, pp. 42-45.

3. Gulyaev D.N., Kokurina V.V., Kremenetskiy M.I. et al., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2009, no. 12, pp. 41-44.

4. RD 153-39.0-109-01, Metodicheskie ukazaniya po kompleksirovaniyu i etapnosti vypolneniya geofizicheskikh, gidrodinamicheskikh i geokhimicheskikh issledovaniy neftyanykh i gazovykh mestorozhdeniy (Guidelines for integration and implementation of phasing geophysical, hydrodynamical and geochemical studies oil and gas fields), Moscow, 2002.

5. Kremenetskiy M.I. Ipatov A.I. Gulyaev D.N., Informatsionnoe obespechenie i tekhnologii gidrodinamicheskogo modelirovaniya neftyanykh i gazovykh skvazhin (Information management and technology of hydrodynamic simulation of oil and gas wells), Moscow - Izhevsk; 2012, 896 p.

6. Reglament skvazhinnykh issledovaniy (Rules of Procedure of borehole investigations), Part 1: Gidrodinamicheskie i tekhnologicheskie issledovaniya skvazhin (Hydrodynamic and technological well investigations), Moscow: Publ. of OAO “Gazpromneft'”, 2009.

7. Gulyaev D.N., Kokurina V.V., Kremenetskiy M.I., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2009, no. 12.


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M.B. Shevelev (Gazpromneft NTC LLC, RF, Saint-Petersburg; Petroleum Industry of Serbia, Serbia, Novi-Sad; National Mineral Resources University, RF, Saint-Petersburg)
Necessity of waterflooding system modification under fields development.

Key words: decline rate in oil production, interlaid reservoir, waterflood system, technogenic fracturing.

The most appropriate variant of injection and production wells pattern is always extremely important, because the maximum intensification and recovery factor depend on it. At the stage of water flood system design we should take into consideration all known geological features. Due to the fact that the values of the geological characteristics of the major oil fields have a wide range and distributed locally, the scheme of injection and production wells pattern on the selected areas within the field has to be different. This should be considered in future for planning of geological and technical operations.

References

1. Scientific and Technical Report “Opredelenie obstanovok osadkonakopleniya otlozheniy plasta BS9-2 Sugmutskoy ploshchadi na osnove kompleksnogo analiza dannykh izucheniya kerna i GIS” (Determination of sedimentation of layer BS9-2 Sugmutskoye area based on a comprehensive analysis of the study data core and log), St. Petersburg: Publ. of OOO Tsentr neftegeologicheskikh issledovaniy, 2009, 29 p.

2. Vyazovaya M.A., Shevelev M.B., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo – Oil Industry, 2010, no. 12, pp. 46-49.

3. Shevelev M.B., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2012, no. 4, pp. 102-105.

4. Shevelev M.B., Proceedings of the XII Scientific and Practical Conference Geologiya i razrabotka mestorozhdeniy s trudnoizvlekaemymi zapasami (Geology and fields with hard-to-recover reserves development), 2012, September 18-21, Gelendzhik.

5. Ipatov A.I., Kremenetskiy M.I., Geofizicheskiy i gidrodinamicheskiy kontrol' razrabotki mestorozhdeniy uglevodorodov (Geophysical and hydrodynamic control of the development of hydrocarbon deposits), Moscow: Publ. of NITs «Regulyarnaya i khaoticheskaya dinamika», 2005, 780 p.

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A.A. Ridel, A.S. Margarit, V.A. Mazhar, R.A. Garifullina, O.V. Kvasnitsa (Gazpromneft NTC LLC, RF, Saint-Petersburg), M.A. Almukhametov, I.A. Petrov (Muravlenkovskneft Branch of Gazpromneft-Noyabrskneftegas OJSC, RF, Muravlenko)
Improving of efficiency of oil and gas development by optimizing pattern waterflooding

Key words: : injection, auto-frac, fracture opening pressure.

The authors present a method of flooding process control as a result of the complex system analysis of carried out specialized well testing. We considered several approaches which allow to determine the optimal mode of operation for any injection well when certain formation reservoir properties are known.

References

1. Economides M., Oligney R., Valko P., Unified fracture design. Bridging the gap between theory and practice, Alvin, Texas: Orsa Press, 2002.

2. Perkins T.K., Gonzalez J.A., The effect of thermo elastic stresses on injection well fracturing, SPE Journal, 1985, pp. 78-88.

3. Glavnov N.G., Kvesko B.B., Izvestiya Tomskogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta – Bulletin of the Tomsk Polytechnic University, 2011, V. 319, no. 1, 162 p.

4. Earlougher R. C. Jr., Advances in well test analysis, SPE Monograph, 2003.

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A.N. Sitnikov, A.S. Bochkov, V.M. Krichevsky, D.N. Gulyaev, N.A. Morozovsky (Gazpromneft NTC LLC, RF, Saint-Petersburg), M.A. Cherevko (Gazpromneft-Khantos LLC, Khanty-Mansiysk)
Construction of permeability maps using the data of well tests and production data

Key words: permeability, well test, production data, sedimentological model.

Approach to permeability maps construction is presented on the base of well tests results taking into account conceptual geological model. It is shown that creating of permeability map should be based on the all available data from the sedimentological features of the reservoir formation to the results of seismic surveys, core analysis, results of well testing. Predictive ability of the obtained maps can be enhanced by the use of interpolation and smoothing algorithm based on the sedimentological model.

References

1. Kremenetskiy M.I. Ipatov A.I. Gulyaev D.N., Informatsionnoe obespechenie i tekhnologii gidrodinamicheskogo modelirovaniya neftyanykh i gazovykh skvazhin (Information management and technology of hydrodynamic simulation of oil and gas wells), Moscow – Izhevsk, 2012, 896 p.

2. Khasanov M.M., Toropov K.V., Lubnin A.A., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2009, no. 8, pp. 26-31.

3. Gulyaev D.N., Ipatov A.I., Chernoglazova N.N., SPE 133746.

4. Gulyaev D.N., Chernoglazova N.N., Fedoseev M.A., SPE 115351.

5. Gulyaev D.N., Kokurina V.V., Kremenetskiy M.I. et al., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2009, no. 12, pp. 41-44.

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M.Yu. Klimov, A.S. Osipenko, S.E. Sutormin, A.G. Orlov, A.E. Bliznyuk, O.O. Lyamkina (Gazpromneft NTC LLC, RF, Saint-Petersburg)
Development options and justification of stimulation techniques for increased-viscosity oil reservoirs within Messoyakhskoye project in difficult conditions of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District

Key words: increased-viscosity oil, heavy oil, Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District, Pokur suite, stratum-analogue, area rating, horizontal wells, polymer injection.

High viscosity oil production is part of hard to recover reserves. However, despite the large high viscosity oil reserves, they are being developed slowly. One of the main problem is the absence of approach to the field development technology selection. Selection of the optimal development strategy of increased-viscosity oil reservoirs through the example of Messoyakhskoye project is shown in the article.

References

1. Lach J.R., Captain field reservoir development planning and horizontal well performance, SPE 8508-MS, Offshore Technology Conference, 5-8 May 1997, Houston, Texas.

2. Cohen D.J. et al., Development of a gas handling hydraulic submersible pump and planning a field trial, Captain Field, SPE 8511-MS, Offshore Technology Conference, 5-8 May 1997, Houston, Texas.

3. Rose P.T.S., Reservoir characterization in the Captain Field: integration of horizontal and vertical well data, Geological Society, Petroleum Geology Conference series, 1999, January 1, V. 5(0), pp. 1101 – 1113.

4. Nelson K., Kuparuk Anniversary: Two rigs drilling West Sak at 1J pad, Petroleum News, 2007, V. 12, no. 3.

5. Macguire P.L. et al., Viscosity Reduction WAG: An Effective EOR Process for North Slope Viscous Oils, SPE 93914-MS, SPE Western Regional Meeting, Mar 30 Apr 01, 2005, Irvine, California.

6. Doraiah A., Gupta P., In-Situ combustion techique to enhance heavy oil recovery at Mehsana, ONGC a success story, SPE 105248-MS, 15th SPE Middle East Oil&Gas Conference, Kindom of Bahrain, 11-14 March, 2007.

7. Suriname: The Upcoming Oil Province, State Oil Company of Suriname, Paramaribo, Suriname. 2009.

8. Kartoredjo H. et al., Heavy-oil field development and reservoir management challenges in producing onshore shallow reservoirs in Suriname, SPE 104068-MS-P, First International Oil Conference and Exhibition in Mexico, Cancun, Mexico, 31 August 2 September, 2006.

9. Murzagaliev R.S., Geologicheskaya model' Karazhanbasskogo mestorozhdeniya vysokovyazkoy nefti i sovremennye geotekhnologii ee izvlecheniya (Geological model of the Karazhanbas field of heavy oil and its extraction advanced geotechnology): thesis of the candidate of geological and mineralogical sciences, Moscow, 2009.

10. Kuznetsov A.A., Neft'. Gaz. Novatsii, 2010, no. 7, pp. 74 78.

11. Beliveau D., Waterflooding viscous oil reservoirs, SPE 113132-MS-P, Indian Oil and Gas Technical Conference and Exhibition, Mumbai, India, 4 6 March 2008.

12. Du Y., Guan L., Field-scale polymer flooding: lessons learnt and experiences gained during past 40 years, SPE 91787, International Petroleum Conference in Mexico, 7-9 November, 2004.

13. Baker R.O., Bialowas S.A., Simulated production behavior of heavy oil pools with gas caps, Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology, 2004, V. 43, no. 8, pp. 56 65.

14. Lysenko V.D., Razrabotka neftyanykh mestorozhdeniy. Teoriya i praktika (Development of oil fields. Theory and practice), Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1996, 367 p.

15. Burger J., Sourieau P., Combarnous M., Recuperation assiste du petrole les methodes thermiques, Paris, 1984.

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A.R. Mavliev, M.A. Almukhametov, I.A. Petrov, A.S. Shishlov, V.R. Fetisova (Muravlenkovskneft Branch of Gazpromneft-Noyabrskneftegas OJSC, RF, Muravlenko), M.K. Rogachev (National Mineral Resources University, RF, Saint-Petersburg)
Substantiation and development of acid deflector compositions based on water-in-oil emulsions to improvement of the effectiveness of the bottom-hole treatment

Key words: acid compositions, emulsion sistems, polimict reservoirs, bottomhole zone, adhesion, dispersability.

It is necessary to consider a complex approach for acid treatment of injection wells characterized by polymict sandstone reservoir with high layered heterogeneity. This approach takes into account variety of factors affected on total effectiveness. The paper represents recommendations for blend composition regulation of acids and emulsions oriented on field experience of acidizing and laboratory tests. Also the paper demonstrates comparison of standard acid treatment carried out in Muravlenkovskneft and acid deflector-technology.

References

1. Petrov N.A., Alekseev L.A., Elektronnyy nauchnyy zhurnal “Neftegazovoe delo” – The electronic scientific journal Oil and Gas Business, 2007, no.1, URL: http://www.ogbus.ru/authors/ PetrovNA/PetrovNA_11.pdf.

2. Khakimov A.A., Satarov R.I., Kachurin A.V., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2011, no. 10, pp. 106-107.

3. Rogachev M.K., Mardashov D.V., Mavliev A.R. et al., Elektronnyy nauchnyy zhurnal Neftegazovoe delo The electronic scientific journal Oil and Gas Business, 2011, no.3, URL: http://www.ogbus.ru/ authors/Rogachev/Rogachev_2.pdf.

4. A.R. Mavliev , M.K. Rogachev , Mardashov D.V. et al., Elektronnyy nauchnyy zhurnal Neftegazovoe delo The electronic scientific journal Oil and Gas Business, 2011, no. 3, URL: http://www.ogbus.ru/authors/Mavliev/Mavliev_1.pdf.

5. Petrov I.A., Azamatov M.A., Drofa P.M., Georesursy Georesources, 2010, no. 1, pp. 7-10.

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Technics and technology of oil recovery


A.N. Govzich, A.V. Bilinchuk (Gazprom Neft JSC, RF, Saint-Petersburg), I.G. Fajzullin (Gazpromneft NTC LLC, RF, Saint-Petersburg)
Horizontal well multi-stage fracturing- Gazprom neft JSC experience

Key words: multi-stage fracturing, horizontal well, coil tubing, well completion.

This article is devoted to the implementation of new technology of well stimulation on the fields of Gazprom Neft with low filtration properties and is aimed to an effective oil production rate achievement. This work is about approaches in choosing the strategy of the involvement reserves hard to recover to the development; applicable technological solutions which are being focused on lateral drilling attended by some hydraulic fracturing, which reduces the number of wells; drilling with retaining reservoir sweep and achievement of planned oil recovery index. In conclusion are presented the results of pilot works and possible ways of optimization.

References

1. Brovchuk A.V., Diyashev I.R., Liplyanin A.V. et al., SPE 102417.

2. Economides M.J., Notle K.G., Reservoir stimulation, 3rd ed., England, West Suxxes: John Wiley&Sons Ltd., 2000, 856 p.

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A.S. Margarit, I.A. Zhdanov, A.P. Roshchektaev (Gazpromneft NTC LLC, RF, Saint-Petersburg), R.A. Gimaletdinov (Gazpromneft-Noyabrskneftegas OJSC, RF, Noyabrsk)
Determination of BHP with calculation of separation ratio and speed of sound

Key words: determination of BHP, separation ratio, dynamic level, speed of sound, fractional analysis.

It is impossible to perform accurate calculations BHP without proper metering of gas, the calculation of the separation and determination of the dynamic level. The approach allowing to get rid of a large error in the determination of each of these parameters is presented.

References

1. Krasnov V.A., Pashali A.A., Khabibullin R.A., Guk V.Yu., Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy vestnik OAO “NK Rosneft'”, 2006, no. 3, pp.

2. Brill J.P., Mukherjee H., Multiphase flow in wells, Monograph Henry, Doherty Series, Society of Petroleum Engineers, Richardson – Texas, 1999.

3. Drozdov A.N., Verbitskiy V.S., Den'gaev A.V. et al., Collected works Sravnenie stendovykh i promyslovykh ispytaniy (Comparison of bench and field tests), SPE 117415.

4. Gaus P.O., Lavrov V.V., Nalimov G.P., Semenchuk V.E., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2001, no. 10, pp. 76-78.

5. Brusilovskiy A.I., Fazovye prevrashcheniya pri razrabotke mestorozhdeniy nefti i gaza (Phase changes in the development of oil and gas fields), Moscow: Graal' Publ., 2002.

6. Silkina T.N., Bormashov V.P., Gaus P.O., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2005, no. 3, pp. 78-81.

7. GOST 30319.3-96 Gaz prirodnyy, metody rascheta fizicheskikh svoystv, opredelenie fizicheskikh svoystv po uravneniyu sostoyaniya (Natural gas. Methods of calculation of physical properties. Definition of physical properties by equation of state), IPK Izdatel'stvo standartov, 1997.

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The oil-field equipment


M.I. Kuzmin, N.M. Katrich, R.R. Gumerov (Gazpromneft NTC LLC, RF, Saint-Petersburg), S.A. Shadymuhamedov (Gazprom Neft JSC, RF, Saint-Petersburg), A.Yu. Karpov (Gazpromneft-Vostok LLC, RF, Tomsk), M.K. Rogachev (National Mineral Resources University, RF, Saint-Petersburg)
Research of influence of magnetization of tubing on the rate of corrosion in Urmanskoye oil field wells

Key words: magnetization, tubing, well, corrosion.

The results of laboratory and field studies of the effect of the magnetization of metal tubing at the rate of corrosion are presented. The increase in the absolute value of the residual magnetization from the bottom-up through the tower with tubing, extracted from wells of Urmanskoye deposits during underground repair. The laboratory results showed an increase in the rate of corrosion of the metal with the growth of its residual magnetization.

References

1. Alekseev Yu.V., Inzhenernaya praktika, 2012, no. 1, pp. 64-71.

2. Freydlin M.O., Inzhenernaya praktika, 2010, no 6, pp. 82-86.

3. Bagrintseva K.I., Dmitrievskiy A.N., Bochko R.A., Atlas karbonatnykh kollektorov mestorozhdeniy nefti i gaza Vostochno-Evropeyskoy i Sibirskoy platform (Atlas of carbonate reservoirs oil and gas fields of the East European and Siberian platforms), Moscow: Nauka Publ., 2003, 264 p.

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N.P. Sarapulov, N.M. Katrich (Gazpromneft NTC LLC, RF, Saint-Petersburg), A.A. Shushakov (Gazprom Neft JSC, RF, Saint-Petersburg), S.A. Doktor, A.G. Suleymanov (Gazpromneft-Khantos LLC, Khanty-Mansiysk)
Individual approach to the calculation of energy-efficient operating mode of ESP in low-margin wells

Key words: short-term cycle of operation, marginal well exploitation, energy efficiency.

There are considered matters of efficient marginal well operations. There are basics of mode selection of periodical short-term ESP operations considering the achievement of bottomhole pressure (BHP) and reduction of risks of premature failure of equipment. Achieved results considerably simplify the process of equipment selection, its mode of operation and work adjustments.


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Drilling of chinks


F.R. Yakhshibekov, E.A. Abramov (Surgutneftegaz OJSC, RF, Surgut), V.D. Gorgots, I.I. Ryabkov, I.A. Akimov (Tyumen Branch of SurgutNIPIneft, RF, Tyumen)
On the true bottomhole parameters at drilling with above-bit module

Key words: autonomous, above-bit module, axial load, bit speed, station of geological and technological researches.

Operations with bottomhole above-bit module were carried out. Obtained are the results, allowed to reveal the technical and technological problems: the station of geological and technological researches doesn't give true information about bottomhole conditions and modes; the growth of bottomhole pressures at the pump switching doesn't allow to maintain a constant bottom pressure, which can greatly exceed the reservoir one; it is necessary to develop a new generation of bottomhole information systems.


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Geology and geologo-prospecting works


A.A. Polyakov (Rosneft Oil Company OJSC, RF, Moscow), A.V. Isaev (Siberian Research Institute of Geology, Geophysics and Mineral Resources, RF, Novosibirsk)
Geological structure and petroleum potential of the Jurassic formations in the South Igarka zone

Key words: Igarka zone, Jurassic formations, lithological and stratigraphic traps.

The area under review covers a part of the Turukhan river basin, extended from the Sovetsky Lakes latitude to the Kostrovsky area. Acoording to petroleum zonation, it belongs in the most part to the Eloguy-Turukhansk oil and gas area. The analysis of the seismic-geological features of Jurassic formations and the geological structure comparison for the area under review and the well-explored Krasnoleninsk oil and gas area leads to conclusion that the South Igarka zone has the prerequisites for hydrocarbon accumulation in the Lower Jurassic lithological and stratigraphic traps.

References

1. Krinin V.A., Zhurnal Sibirskogo federal'nogo universiteta. Seriya: Tekhnika i tekhnologii – Journal of Siberian Federal University. Engineering & Technologies, 2011, no. 4, pp. 399 409.

2. Samoletov M.V., Nemchenko N.N., Bartashevich Yu.A. et al., Geologiya nefti i gaza The journal Oil and Gas Geology, 1989, no. 12, pp. 9-12.

3. Fomin A.N., Geologiya i geofizika Russian Geology and Geophysics, 1992, no. 6, pp. 19-24.

4. Kontorovich A.E., Andrusevich V.E., Afanas'ev S.A. et al., Geologiya i geofizika Russian Geology and Geophysics, 1995, no. 6, pp. 5-28.

5. Polyakov A.A., Krinin V.A., Neftegazovaya geologiya. Teoriya i praktika Petroleum Geology - Theoretical and Applied Studies, 2011, V.6, no. 4, URL: http://www.ngtp.ru/rub/4/41_2011.pdf.

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I.A. Kozlova, V.I. Galkin, S.N. Krivoshchekov (Perm National Research Polytechnic University, RF, Perm)
Study of specific markers of the generation and migration of hydrocarbons Riphean-Vendian strata in Perm region

Key words: Riphean-Vendian deposits, geochemical and bituminous indicators, petroleum generation potential, Perm region.

The paper considers some of the criteria the transformation of dispersed organic matter in the Riphean-Vendian sediments. There is completed primary statistical evaluation of performance and features that control the degree of conversion of the Riphean and Vendian strata. The possibilities of generation and migration of petroleum is described.

References

1. Belokon' T.V., Geologiya, geofizika i razrabotka neftyanykh i gazovykh mestorozhdeniy, 2005, no. 9-10, pp. 24-28.

2. Belokon' T.V., Gorbachev V.I., Balashova M.M., Stroenie i neftegazonosnost' rifeysko-vendskikh otlozheniy vostoka Russkoy platformy (Structure and oil and gas potential of the Riphean-Vendian east of the Russian Platform), Perm': IPK “Zvezda” Publ., 2001, 108 p.

3. Galkin V.I., Rastegaev A.V., Galkin S.V., Veroyatnostno-statisticheskaya otsenka neftegazonosnosti lokal'nykh struktur (Probabilistic and statistical evaluation of oil and gas potential of local structures), Ekaterinburg: Publ. of UrO RAN, 2001.

4. Galkin V.I., Kozlova I.A., Vantseva I.V., Neftepromyslovoe delo, 2010, no. 7.

5. Galkin V.I. et al., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo – Oil Industry, 2011, no. 5.

6. Davis John C., Statistics and Data Analysis in Geology, Moscow: Mir Publ., 1977, 572 p.

7. Explanatory note Stratigraficheskaya skhema rifeyskikh i vendskikh otlozheniy Volgo-Ural'skoy oblasti (Stratigraphic scheme of the Riphean and Vendian of the Volga-Ural region), Ufa, 2000. 10 s.

8. Karaseva T.V. et al., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2011, no. 3.

9. Krivoshchekov S.N., Kozlova I.A., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2012, no. 7.

10. Larskaya E.S., Diagnostika i metody izucheniya neftematerinskikh tolshch (Diagnosis and methods of studying oil source strata), Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1983, 200 p.


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Working out and operation of oil deposits


P.Y. Ilyushin, M.S. Turbakov, S.V. Galkin (Perm National Research Polytechnic University, RF, Perm)
Impact leaching on the multiplicity of the oil recovery factor for the field of Perm Kama region

Key words: production well, oil deposit, stranded oil, water flooding reservoirs.

On the basis of statistical material on development sites located in different geological and technological conditions and characterized by advanced stage of development, the impact of the criterion of multiplicity washing on the possibility of achieving the project oil recovery is discussed. The effect of permeability, mobility, ruggedness cut and oil viscosity on the criterion of multiplicity washing are shown.

References

1. Baziv V.F., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo – Oil Industry, 2007, no. 9, p. 116 121.

2. Galkin V.I., Galkin S.V., Permyakov V.G., Akimov I.A., Geologiya, geofizika i razrabotka neftyanykh i gazovykh mestorozhdeniy, 2008, no. 8, pp. 48-50.

3. Galkin V.I., Permyakov V.G., Geologiya, geofizika i razrabotka neftyanykh i gazovykh mestorozhdeniy, 2009, no. 5, pp. 41-44.

4. Gavura V.E., Geologiya i razrabotka neftyanykh i gazovykh mestorozhdeniy (Geology and development of oil and gas fields), Moscow: VNIIOENG Publ., 1995, 496 p.

5. Galkin S.V., Ilyushin P.Yu., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2011, no. 10, pp. 22-24.

6. Ilyushin P.Yu., Galkin S.V., Poplaukhina T.B., Luzina N.G., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2012, no. 4, pp. 108-110.

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L.M. Shishlova, O.R. Privalova, I.R. Bulatova (BashNIPIneft LLC, RF, Ufa)
The Larionovs dependence pallet using for gamma-ray log interpretation for Devonian terrigen mass of South-Tatar uplift

Key words: South-Tatar uplift, Devonian terrigen mass, relative amplitude, gravimetrical arlgillaceous, regression dependence, Larionovs dependence pallet.

The paper provides the grounds for validation of Larionov’s template equation (Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas), currently applied to the main oil producing provinces of the Volga-Ural basin, located within the South-Tatar Arch (Bashkortostan). The conventional interpretation of GR logs to determine the clay content in a reservoir generally involves the well-established Larionov template equation. Since the nature of this relation depends on the lithology of the rock, the organic matter content, and the sedimentology it is desirable to specify the template for the particular rocks not only in terms of certain provinces but also in terms of individual fields.

References

1. Latyshova M.G., Prakticheskoe rukovodstvo po interpretatsii diagramm geofizicheskikh issledovaniy skvazhin (Practical guide on the interpretation of the diagrams well logging), Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1991, 216 p.

2. Lozin E.V. Tektonika i neftenosnost' platformennogo Bashkortostana (Tectonics and oil bearing of platform Bashkortostan), Moscow: Publ. Of VNIIOUENP, 1994, 73 p.

3. Baymukhametov K.S., Viktorov P.F., Gaynullin K.Kh., Geologicheskoe stroenie i razrabotka neftyanykh i gazovykh mestorozhdeniy Bashkortostana (Geological structure and development of oil and gas fields in Bashkortostan), Ufa: Publ. of RITs ANK “Bashneft'”, 1997, 422 p.

4. Pollard J.M., Spravochnik po vychislitel'nym metodam statistiki (Handbook of Computational Methods of Statistics), Moscow: Finansy i statistika Publ., 1982, 344 p.

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A.A. Shcherbakov, M.S. Turbakov, R.V. Dvoretskas (Perm National Research Polytechnic University, RF, Perm)
Effectiveness analysis of enhanced oil recovery of hard-to-recover oil reserves of Perm Kama region

Key words: hard-to-recover oil reserves, methods of oil recovery increase, production problems.

The structure of the oil fields in Russia undergoes adverse quality changes due to development of the most advanced productive formations. Increase of development efficiency developing hard-to-recover reserves oil fields of Perm Kama region is a difficult and complex process, the engineering design of which must take into account many factors. In the article the efficiency of enhanced oil recovery methods for fields with hard-to-recover oil reserves of Perm Kama region is analyzed.

References

1. Shelepov V.V., Burenie i neft', 2011, no. 11, pp. 8-12.

2. Mulyak V.V. et al., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo – Oil Industry, 2011, no. 11, pp. 48-51.

3. Evdokimov A.M., Taipova V.A., Karpova O.M., Bakirov I.M., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2010, no. 3, pp. 89-91.

4. Kokorev V.I., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2009, no. 8, pp. 58-59.

5. Mishchenko I.T., Bravicheva T.B., Bravichev K.A. et al., Burenie i neft', 2008, no. 10, pp. 28-30.

6. Allakhverdiev E.I., Gasymly A.M., Neftepromyslovoe delo, 2009, no. 7, pp. 31-32.

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R.A. Kemalov, A.F. Kemalov, D.Z. Valiev (Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, RF, Kazan)
Thermodynamics of activation of a viscous current and structural dynamic analysis high-viscosity oil at ultrasonic influence

Key words: high-viscosity oil, rheology, thermodynamics, pulse nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, difficult structural unit.

Complex calculations are carried out in a wide interval of temperatures at various ultrasonic duration of power characteristics in the viscous-current process of the difficult structural units (VCDS) at high-viscosity oil (HVO). Power characteristics are calculated of the viscous current activation. Researches are carried out of the high-viscosity oil samples by a pulse nuclear magnetic resonance. The work calculation results in the viscous current process are presented on the basis of the carried-out pilot studies of HVO power characteristics.

References

1. Eyring H., Lin S.H., Lin S.M., Basic chemical kinetics, NY: Wiley, 1980.

2. Kemalov A.F., Ganieva T.F., Diyarov I.N. et al., Neftepererabotka i neftekhimiya, 2007, no. 2, pp. 29-32.

3. Kemalov A.F., Kemalov R.A., Nauchno-prakticheskie osnovy fiziko-khimicheskoy mekhaniki i statisticheskogo analiza dispersnykh sistem: uchebnoe posobie (Scientific and practical basis of physico-chemical mechanics and statistical analysis of disperse systems: a tutorial), Kazan': Publ. Of Kazan State Technological University, 2008, 472 p.

4. Tumanyan B.P., Nauchnye i prikladnye aspekty teorii neftyanykh dispersnykh sistem (Scientific and applied aspects of the theory of oil disperse systems), Moscow: Tekhnika Publ., 2000, 336 p.

5. Kemalov A.F., Kemalov R.A., Fomin V.M., O mekhanizme vliyaniya akusticheskikh fluktuatsiy v zhidkikh sredakh (On the mechanism of influence of acoustic fluctuations in liquid media), XI CREEM 2004 – Congresso Brasileiro de Estudantes de Engenharia Mecânica, Brazil, 2004, pp. 112-115.

6. Kemalov A.F., Kemalov R.A., Proceedings of the III International Symposium “Neftyanye dispersnye sistemy” (Oil dispersed systems), Moscow: Publ. of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2004. S. 102-103.

7. Kemalov A.F., Kemalov R.A., Khazimuratov R.Kh., Ganieva T.F., Neftepererabotka i neftekhimiya, 2006, no. 12, pp. 32-34.

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V.L. Voevodkin (LUKOIL-PERM LLC, RF, Perm), A.V. Raspopov, L.N. Muzhikova, S.A. Kondratiev (PermNIPIneft Branch of LUKOIL-Engineering LLC in Perm, RF, Perm)
Application of new technological solutions in the field of oil & gas development in the oilfields of LUKOIL-PERM LLC

Key words: new technologies to develop oil and gas fields, slim hole wells, multi-zone fracturing, sidetracking, dual completion and production of oil reservoirs, boring perforation

Main results of the application of new technologies for the oil & gas development of oilfields of LUKOIL-PERM are given. The article shows the perspective technologies for the geological factor of the Perm Region, which were revealed from the scientific monitoring of the implementation of new technologies and pilot works.

References

1. Lyadova N.A., Yakovlev Yu.A., Raspopov A.V., Geologiya i razrabotka neftyanykh mestorozhdeniy Permskogo kraya (Geology and development of Perm region oil fields), Moscow: Publ. of OAO «VNIIOENG», 2010, 335 p.

2. Raspopov A.V., Kazantsev A.S., Antonov D.V. et al., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo – Oil Industry, 2012, no. 6, pp. 58-61.

3. Raspopov A.V., S.A. Kondrat'ev, Novokreshchennykh D.V., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2012, no. 3, pp. 78-79.

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N.N. Mikhaylov (Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, RF, Moscow), I.P. Gurbatova (PermNIPIneft Branch of LUKOIL-Engineering LLC in Perm, RF, Perm)
Experimental studying of influence of scale effects on characteristics of a two-phase filtration

Key words: two-phase filtration, relative rock permeability, scale effect.

Influence of large-scale effects on relative phase permeability is experimentally studied. It is established that manifestation of scale effect is caused by distinction of microstructures in samples of the various size. Characteristics of influence of scale effects on function of relative permeability are shown.

References

References

1. Mikhaylov N.N., Ostatochnoe neftenasyshchenie razrabatyvaemykh plastov (The residual oil saturation of reservoirs under development), Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1992, 272 p.

2. Mikhaylov N.N., Pronitsaemost' plastovykh sistem (The permeability of stratum systems), Moscow: Publ. of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2006, 185 p.

3. Mikhaylov N.N., Gurbatova I.P., Proceedings of the VII International Technology Symposium “Novye tekhnologii osvoeniya i razrabotki trudnoizvlekaemykh zapasov nefti i gaza i povysheniya nefteotdachi” (New technologies of exploration and development of stranded oil and gas and enhanced oil recovery), Moscow, 2008, pp. 184-192

4. Gurbatova I.P., Mikhaylov N.N., Proceedings of the II International Scientific Symposium Teoriya i praktika primeneniya metodov uvelicheniya nefteotdachi plastov (The theory and practice of enhanced oil recovery), Moscow, 2009, pp. 98-105.

5. Mikhaylov N.N., Gurbatova I.P., Tekhnologii nefti i gaza – Science and Technology of Hydrocarbons, 2011, no. 4 (75), pp. 32-35.

6. Gurbatova I.P., Kuz'min V.A., Mikhaylov N.N., Geologiya nefti i gaza - The journal Oil and Gas Geology, 2011, no. 2, pp. 74-82.

7. Mikhaylov N.N., Fizika neftyanogo i gazovogo plasta (Physics of the oil and gas reservoir), Moscow: MAKS Press Publ., 2008, 448 p.

8. Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po podschetu geologicheskikh zapasov ob"emnymi metodami (Guidelines for the estimation of geological reserves by volumetric method): edited by Petersil'e V.I., Poroskun V.I., Yatsenko G.G., Moskva-Tver': Publ. of NPTs Tver'geofizika, 2003, 130 p.

9. Advances in Core Evaluation. Accuracy and Precision in Reserves Estimation. Reviewed Proceedings of the First Society of Core Analysts European Core Analysis Symposium. London, UK, 1990, 555 p.

10. Fulcher R.A., Ertekin ., Stahl C.D. Effect of Capillary Number and Its Constituents on Two Phase Relative Permeability Curves // J. of Petroleum Technology — Number 2, February 1985, p. 249-260.

11. Peter A. O'Connor. Constant-Pressure Measurement of Steam-Water Relative Permeability. Stanford University, Stanford, California, June 2001, 70 p.

12. Recommended Practice for Core Analysis. API. RP 40, second edition, February 1998.


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Technics and technology of oil recovery


R.R. Shagalin (Geophysika NPF OAO, RF, Ufa), Yu.V. Antipin, B.R. Gilmutdinov, R.N. Yakubov (Ufa State Petroleum Technical University, RF, Ufa)
Forecast of operating time of Arlanskoye field deviating holes

Key words:well service life, zenith angle, period of oil production, directional wellbore, corrosion, mechanical wear and tear, the statistical dependencies, free of water, highly watercut, H S sour oil production.

The effect of borehole deviation on wells operating time at the development of the layers of terrigenous strata of the Lower Carboniferous is investigated. Well operating time dependence on the maximum inclination angle is given. Three times of well operation are isolated and characterized.

References

1. Baymukhametov K.S., Gaynullin K.Kh., Syrtlanov A.Sh. et al., Geologicheskoe stroenie i razrabotka Arlanskogo neftyanogo mestorozhdeniya (The geological structure and development of Arlan oil field), Ufa: RITs ANK “Bashneft'” Publ., 1997, 368 p.

2. Shakrislamov A.G., Antipin Yu.V., Gil'mutdinov B.R., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo – Oil Industry, 2008, no. 6, pp. 112-115.

3. Alekseev L.A., Konesev G.V., Sakaev R.M. et al., Prichiny narusheniya i povyshenie dolgovechnosti krepi skvazhiny (Prichiny narusheniya i povyshenie dolgovechnosti krepi skvazhiny), Ufa: Publ. of Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, 2002, 70 p.

4. Urazakov K.R., Ekspluatatsiya naklonno napravlennykh skvazhin (Operation of directional wells), Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1993, 169 p.

5. Mishchenko I.T., Skvazhinnaya dobycha nefti: Uchebnoe posobie dlya vuzov (Oil Production: Textbook for high schools), Moscow: Neft' i gaz Publ., 2003, 816 p.

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N.A. Cherepanova (KogalymNIPIneft Branch of LUKOIL - Engineering LLC in Tyumen, RF, Tyumen), S.Yu. Vorontsov (Samotlorneftegas OJSC, RF, Nizhnevartovsk), A.S. Minyuk (NTC Geotechnokin CJSC, RF, Nizhnevartovsk), D.V. Goryachikh, R.I. Sattarov (BU Chemicals for drilling and EOR (Industial Chemicals LLC), Mirrico group of companies, RF, Kazan)
Research and the results of laboratory studies of relative permeability modifiers

Key words: water shutoff, selective technologies, relative permeability modifier, pilot testing

Today the most oil fields are in the final stage of reservoir development and characterized by high level of water encroachment of well production. Different chemical methods are commonly used to solve this problem. The article describes the results of laboratory studies on the effectiveness of the relative permeability modifiers. Criteria for the wells selection and technologies of water shutoff using relative permeability modifier Seurvey RPM are given. The first results of pilot tests Seurvey RPM on the Samotlor oilfield are described.


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Standardization and technical regulation


P.A.Guzhikov (TNNC LLC, RF, Tyumen)
Problems and shortcomings normative and methodical base of experimental studies of reservoir fluids

Key words: PVT, thermodynamic experiments reservoir oil and gas, regulatory documents, standards.

The article describes the problems that exist in regulatory documentation on the study of reservoir fluids. According to applicable standards, regulations, instructions that control laboratory studies (PVT) and experience of national and foreign companies the ways for correcting current situation are proposed.

References

1. Instruktsiya po kompleksnomu issledovaniyu gazovykh i gazokondensatnykh plastov i skvazhin (Instructions for integrated study of gas and gas condensate reservoirs and wells): edited by Zotov G.A., Aliev Z.S., 14.06.1979 g.

2. Allen F.H., Roe R.P., Performance characteristics of a volumetric condensate reservoir, Petroleum Transactions, AIME, 1950, V. 189, pp. 83-90

3. Standing M.B., Volumetric and phase behavior of oil field hydrocarbon systems, New York: Reinhold Publishing Corp., 1952.

4. Whitson C.H., Torp S.B., Evaluating constant-volume depletion data, Journal of Petroleum Technology, 1983, March, pp. 610-620.

5. Novopashin V.F., Filippova Yu.A., Vaganov D.S., Proceedings of IV Sibirskoy mezhdunarodnoy konferentsii molodykh uchenykh po naukam o Zemle (IV Siberian International conference of young scientists on earth Sciences), Novosibirsk, 2008.

6. Instruktsiya po primeneniyu klassifikatsii zapasov mestorozhdeniy, perspektivnykh i prognoznykh resursov nefti i goryuchikh gazov (Instructions for use classification of reserves, and forecast of oil and combustible gases resources), Moscow: Publ of SCMR of USSR, 1984, 64 p.

7. Gritsenko A.I., Aliev Z.S. et al., Rukovodstvo po issledovaniyu skvazhin (Guidelines for well testing), Moscow: Nauka Publ., 1995.

8. Arystanbekova S.A., Skryabina A.E., Smirnov V.V. et al., Gazovaya promyshlennost' – GAS Industry of Russia, 2004, no. 6.

9. Skryabina A.E., Razvitie metodov gazokhromatograficheskogo analiza nestabil'nogo gazovogo kondensata primenitel'no k aktual'nym problemam gazovoy promyshlennosti (Development of methods for gas chromatographic analysis of unstable gas condensate applied to the pressing problems of the gas industry): thesis of candidate of technical sciences, 2009.

10. Shchebetov A., Rimoldi A., Piana M., SPE 133258, 2010.

11. Sazonov B.F., Shtof M.D., Geologiya nefti i gaza - The journal Oil and Gas Geology, 1991, no. 5, pp. 45.

12. Ahmed T., Reservoir engineering handbook, Elsevier Inc., 2010.

13. Danesh A., PVT and phase behavior of petroleum reservoir fluids, Elsevier, 2008.

14. Pedersen K.S., Christensen P.L., Phase behavior of petroleum reservoir fluids, Taylor & Francis Group, 2007.

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Information technology


E.A. Frolova (Xerox, RF, Moscow)
Optimization of paper-intensive processes in oil & gas industry

Key words: printing infrastructure, optimization of paper-intensive business processes, electronic archive, protected printing, service provider, Xerox.

The article is looking at the ways to optimize paper-intensive processes in the oil & gas industry: optimization of office printing infrastructure including outsourcing, implementation of technologies for assessment and control of proper use of printing equipment, deployment of electronic archives and storages.

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Oil refining


Sh.M. Valitov, A.M. Tufetulov (Kazan (Volga Region)Federal University, RF, Kazan), A.F. Yartiev (TatNIPIneft, RF, Almetyevsk)
Effect of crude quality on crude oil refining efficiency

Key words: structure of reserves, hydrocarbon crude quality, conversion rate, taxation, effectiveness.

The paper considers issues of crude quality effect on crude oil refining efficiency, continued growth of the share of hard-to-recover reserves in the reserves’ structure. Official and judgment-based statistics data are presented. Development of petrochemical complex in the Republic of Tatarstan is discussed in some detail.

References

1. TU 39-1623-93, Neft' rossiyskaya, postavlyaemaya dlya eksporta (Russian oil supplied for export), Ufa: Publ. of IPTER AN RB, 1993, 11 p.

2. Polishchuk Yu.M., Yashchenko I.G., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo – Oil Industry, 2002, no. 1, pp. 66-68.

3. Ofitsial'nyy sayt kompanii PKF (Official site of PKF), URL: http:// www.pkf.com.

4. Federal'naya sluzhba gosudarstvennoy statistiki: analiticheskie materialy (Federal State Statistics Service: analytics), URL: http:// www.gks.ru.

5. Ekspert RA: analiticheskie materialy (Expert RA: analytics), URL: http:// www.cbr.ru.

6. Ministerstvo energetiki Rossiyskoy Federatsii: analiticheskie materialy (Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation: analytics), URL: http://minenergo.gov.ru/activity/statistic/13553.html.

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