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August 2014




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Geology and geologo-prospecting works


I.S. Gutman (Gubkin Russian University of Oil and Gas, RF, Moscow)
The basic features of the new Russian classification of reserves and resources of oil and gas

Key words: lassification of reserves and resources, reserves and resources of oil and gas, reserves categories.

The basic features of the new Russian classification of reserves and resources of oil and gas are shown. Its comparison with the current temporary classification, as well as Petroleum Resources Management SystemSPE-PRMS is given.

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Drilling of chinks


S.A. Gurskyy, M.Ya. Magun (Research and Project Institute Ukrnafta PJSC, Ukraine, Kiev), B.A. Chernov, G.S. Salyzhyn (Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas, Ukraine, Ivano-Frankivsk)
On the improvement of chemical agents and materials testing techniques for oil and gas wells drilling

Key words: drilling fluid, well drilling, chemical agents and materials, testing.

The analysis of techniques for testing of chemical agents and materials, used for drilling fluids treatment while oil and gas wells drilling, has been carried out. Special attention has been paid to such physical and chemical properties of chemical agents and materials that are not defined in the course of testing which can result in incorrect evaluation of their quality or cause complications while drilling. Improved techniques for testing of lignosulfonate thinning agents, silver graphite and barite weighting have been suggested.
References
1. SOU 11.2-00135390-129:2011, Khmchn reagenti ta materali dlya burovikh
promival'nikh rdin (Chemicals and materials for drilling fluids), Kiev: Publ. of
Ukrnafta, 2011, 77 p.
2. MVV 23 AVM-02-2009, Viznachennya masovo chastki namagncheno
frakts graftu. Metodika vikonannya vimryuvan' (Determination of mass fraction
of graphite magnetized fraction. Methods of measurement), Kiev: Publ.
of Ukrnafta, 2009, 11 p.
3. Kister E.G., Khimicheskaya obrabotka burovykh rastvorov (Chemical treatment
of drilling fluids), Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1972, 392 p.
4. TU U 24.6-32028975-004-2004, Reagent RV-SM (Reagent RV-SM), Publ. of TOV “Khmchn tekhnolog”, 2004, 19 p.
5. Ryazanov Ya.A., Entsiklopediya po burovym rastvoram (Encyclopedia of
drilling fluids), Orenburg: Letopis' Publ., 2005. – 664 s.
6. Mislyuk M.A., Ribchich .Y., Yaremychuk R.S., Burnnya sverdlovin. Dovdnik
(Drilling wells. Handbook), Part 2, Kiev:: nterpres Publ., 2002, 303 p.
7. TU U 14.2-00223941-007:2010, Glinoporoshki dlya promival'nikh rdin (Clay
powders for drilling fluids), Publ. of Dashukvs'k bentonti, 2010, 35 p.
8. Petrov N.A., Davydova I.N., Akodis M.M. et al., Neftegazovoe delo, 2006,
no. 2, pp. 1-12.
9. TU 2458-002-0013722-2012, Utyazhelitel' baritovyy poroshkoobraznyy (UBP)
(Barite weighting agent powdered (UBP)), Volgograd: OAO «Spetsneftematerialy
». 2012. 21 s.
10. TU 1769-005-00136716-2002, Utyazhelitel' baritovyy poroshkoobraznyy
modifitsirovannyy (Modified barite weighting agent powdered), Ilsk: Publ. of
Il'skiy zavod Utyazhelitel' NPO Burenie, 2002, 24 p.
11. Reznichenko I.I., Bulatov A.I., Ryabokon' S.A., Shandin S.N., Utyazhelenie
burovykh i tamponazhnykh rastvorov (Weighting of drilling fluids and grouting
mortars), Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1978, 286 p.
12. TU U 320.00136751.009-96, Utyazhelitel' baritovyy poroshkoobraznyy tipa
UBP (Barite weighting agent powdered type UBP), Konstantinovka: Publ. of
Konstantinovskiy zavod utyazheliteley, 1996, 32 p.

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A.A. Kunitskikh, S.E. Chernyshov, D.Yu. Rusinov (Perm National Research Polytechnic University, RF, Perm)
Influence of mineral additives on the strength characteristics of the cement stone

Keywords: casing of oil well, expanding cement slurry, technology of casing, quality of casing, strength of cement stone.

Modern requirements to reliability and durability of construction of well cause needs to develop the technologies and materials for its building. It is very important in reliability of the construction of well to get strong and tight cement stone located behind the casing. In the course of well completion and its exploitation the cement stone perceives the considerable loadings having constant, periodical and short-term character.
References
1. Chernyshov S.E., Krysin N.I., Kunitskikh A.A., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo – Oil Industry, 2012, no. 8, pp. 108110.
2. Chernyshov S.E., Krysin N.I., Kunitskikh A.A., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2011, no. 10, pp. 2021.
3. Chernyshov S.E., Krysin N.I., Mosin A.V., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2013, no. 8, pp. 7477.
4. Chernyshov S.E., Krapivina T.N., Vestnik Permskogo natsional'nogo issledovatel'skogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta. Geologiya. Neftegazovoe i
gornoe delo, 2010, no. 5, pp. 3133.
5. Noskov V.S., Chernyshov S.E., Vestnik Permskogo natsional'nogo issledovatel'skogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta. Geologiya. Neftegazovoe i
gornoe delo, 2010, no. 5, pp. 3436.
6. Kunitskikh A.A., Chernyshov S.E., Krapivina T.N., Vestnik Permskogo natsional'nogo issledovatel'skogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta. Geologiya.
Neftegazovoe i gornoe delo, 2011, no. 1, pp. 5361.
7. Ust'kachkintsev E.N., Vestnik Permskogo natsional'nogo issledovatel'skogo
politekhnicheskogo universiteta. Geologiya. Neftegazovoe i gornoe delo,
2012, no. 5, pp. 3946.
8. Melekhin A.A., Vestnik Permskogo natsional'nogo issledovatel'skogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta. Geologiya. Neftegazovoe i gornoe delo, 2011,
no. 1, pp. 6267.
9. Polak A.F., Tverdenie monomineral'nykh vyazhushchikh veshchestv (Hardening
of monomineral binders), Moscow: Stroyizdat Publ., 1966, 208 p.
10. Mchedlov-Petrosyan O.P., Khimiya neorganicheskikh stroitel'nykh materialov
(Chemistry of inorganic building materials), Moscow: Stroyizdat Publ.,
1971, 224 p.
11. Nikishkin V.A., Vliyanie struktury i plotnosti na prochnost' i deformativnost'
plotnogo stroitel'nogo betona i ego sostavlyayushchikh (Effect of structure
and density on the strength and deformability of the dense structural concrete
and its components), Ekaterinburg: Publ. of UGTU-UPI, 2009, 269 p.
12. Kurochka P.N., Gavrilov A.V., Vestnik Rostovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta putey soobshcheniya, 2013, no. 1, pp. 97102.

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A.M. Pastukhov, G.M. Tolkachov (Perm National Research Polytechnic University, RF, Perm)
Evaluation of thermal conductivity of the plugging material cement stone based on magnesia cement for cementing casing columns, overlaping permafrost sediments

Key words: cementing casing columns, permafrost, magnesia cement, cement stone, thermal conductivity.

The results of laboratory studies of thermal conductivity of cement stone of plugging materials based on magnesia cement, designed for cementing casing columns, overlaping permafrost sediments, are given. The influence of various additives on the thermal conductivity of cement stone is established by the executed works.

References
1. Ovchinnikov P.V., Kuznetsov V.G., Frolov A.A. et al., Spetsial'nye tamponazhnye materialy dlya nizkotemperaturnykh skvazhin (Special plugging
materials for low-temperature wells), Moscow: Nedra-Biznestsentr Publ.,
2002, 115 p.
2. Bakshutov V.S., Mineralizovannye tamponazhnye rastvory dlya tsementirovaniya
skvazhin v slozhnykh usloviyakh (Mineralized cement slurry for cementing
wells in difficult conditions), Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1986, 272 p.
3. Solov'ev E.M., Zakanchivanie skvazhin (Well completions), Moscow:
Nedra Publ., 1979, 303 p.
4. Kozlov A.S., Pastukhov A.M., Plugging material for cementing casing in
the range of perennially frozen rocks (In Russ.), Vestnik Permskogo natsional'nogo
issledovatel'skogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta. Geologiya.
Neftegazovoe i gornoe delo, 2014, no. 10, pp. 42–48.
5. Tolkachev G.M., Asanov V.A., Fokht A.A., Estimating the elastic and
strength properties of cement stone plugging material prescribed for well
cementing (In Russ.), Vestnik Permskogo natsional'nogo issledovatel'skogo
politekhnicheskogo universiteta. Geologiya. Neftegazovoe i gornoe delo,
2013, no. 8, pp. 3540.
6. Tolkachev G.M., Kozlov A.S., Devyatkin D.A., A method to reduce chemical
activity of magnesite cements to ensure safety in casing cementing in
oil and gas wells (In Russ.), Vestnik Permskogo natsional'nogo issledovatel'skogo
politekhnicheskogo universiteta. Geologiya. Neftegazovoe
i gornoe delo, 2013, no. 9, pp. 5765.
7. Tolkachev G.M., Anisimova A.V., Study of modifying technological properties
of a cement sheath for casing cementing in permafrosts (In Russ.), Vestnik
Permskogo natsional'nogo issledovatel'skogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta.
Geologiya. Neftegazovoe i gornoe delo, 2013, no. 9, pp. 4956.
8. MIT-1, Izmeritel' teploprovodnosti materialov. Rukovodstvo po ekspluatatsii
(Measurer of thermal conductivity of material. Operating Instructions), Chelyabinsk: Publ. of Interpribor, 2008, 36 p.

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T.V. Krapivina, N.I. Krysin (PermNIPIneft Branch of LUKOIL - Engineering LLC in Perm, RF, Perm), S.E. Chernyshov, A.A. Kunitskikh (Perm National Research Polytechnic University, RF, Perm)
The main directions of improving the quality of well completion in the oil fields and areas of Perm region

Key words: completion, differential pressure, drawdown, invert emulsion, demulsi tying agent, separation set, shale shaker, centrifuge.

In the cycle of wells construction completion is one of the main and technically complicated processes. The quality of the execution of this stage in the exploratory wells depends largely on the assessment of the perspectiveness of new oil fields and even the district of its location, and in producing wells – production rate.
References
1. Krysin N.I., Razrabotka burovykh rastvorov s nizkim soderzhaniem tverdoy
fazy i bezglinistykh dlya povysheniya kachestva i uskoreniya stroitel'stva
skvazhin (Development of low solids and clayless drilling fluids to improve and
accelerate the construction of wells): Thesis of doctor of technical science,
Ufa, 1986.
2. Patent no. 2452758 RF, Expanding backfill solution with controlled properties,
Inventors: Chernyshov S.E., Kunitskikh A.A., Krysin N.I. et al.
3. Chernyshov S.E., Krysin N.I., Kunitskikh A.A., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2012, no. 8, pp. 108110.
4. Amiyan V.A., Amiyan A.V., Vasil'eva N.P., Vskrytie i osvoenie neftegazovykh
plastov (Drilling in and development of oil and gas reservoirs), Moscow:
Nedra Publ., 1980, 380 p.
5. Babalyan G.A., Fiziko-khimicheskie protsessy v dobyche nefti (Physical and
chemical processes in the oil production), Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1974, 200 p.
6. Patent no. 2006499 RF, Clayless drilling fluid, Inventors: Krysin N.I., Natsepinskaya A.M., Minaeva R.M.
7. Karkov V.M., Baluev A.A., Gorokhovskiy A.K. et al., Osnovnye prichiny
snizheniya produktivnosti skvazhin na Samotlorskom mestorozhdenii. Vskrytie
produktivnykh gorizontov i osvoenie skvazhin (The main reasons for the decrease
of well productivity at the Samotlor field. Drilling into productive horizons
and wells development), Proceedings of All-Union Scientific and Technical
Conference, Ivano-Frankovsk, 1982, pp. 117118.
8. Baluev A.A., Mityagin A.V., Bezrukov V.G., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 1997, no. 9, pp. 2931.
9. Baluev A.A., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2001, no. 9, pp. 3840.
10. Salikhov R.G., Povyshenie kachestva vskrytiya produktivnykh plastov
sovershenstvovaniem tekhnologii zakanchivaniya skvazhin na depressii (Improving
the quality of productive layers drilling in improving the technology of
well completion on depression): Thesis of candidate of technical science,
Perm', 2003.
11. Glukhov S.D., Gidravlicheskaya programma promyvki skvazhin gazozhidkostnymi smesyami dlya vskrytiya produktivnykh plastov bureniem vintovymi zaboynymi dvigatelyami (Hydraulic program of well flushing by gas-liquid
mixture for completion formation drilling using screw downhole motors): Thesis
of candidate of technical science, Perm', 2006. 148 c.
12. Baldenko D.F., Baldenko F.D., Gnoevykh A.L., Vintovye zaboynye dvigateli
(Downhole drilling motor), Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1999, 375 p.
13. Utility patent no. 67616 RF, Ustroystvo dlya bureniya skvazhin na depressii
(Device for underbalanced drilling), Inventors: Plotnikov V.M., Korotaev Yu.A.
et al.
14. Utility patent no. 135701 RF, Ustroystvo dlya vskrytiya produktivnogo plasta
na depressii (Device for underbalanced drilling), Inventors: Krysin N.I., Krapivina
T.N., Chernyshov S.E.
15. Certificate of authorship no. 1629310 RF, Perforatsionnaya sreda dlya
vtorichnogo vskrytiya produktivnykh plastov v skvazhine (Perforating environment
for secondary drilling of productive formations in the well), Authors:
Krysin N.I., Skorokhodova T.A. et al.

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Working out and operation of oil deposits


Yu.E. Baturin
On the rationality criteria of oil and gas fields development

Key words: rationality criterion of development, fields development, the market economy.

The correspondence of the designed development system with qualifying standards should be confirmed by the criterion of rationality of the development system. The rationality criteria for the planned and market economies are considered. The shortcomings of the criterion for market economy are noted and attempts to improve it are undertaken. The maximum possible profit from the field development is recommended to use as a rationality criterion in the market economy conditions.
References
1. Bulygin V.Ya. Collected papers “Teoreticheskie i eksperimental'nye issledovaniya razrabotki neftyanykh mestorozhdeniy” (Theoretical and experimental
studies of oil field development), Kazan': Publ. of KSU, 1964, pp. 5–8.
2. Krylov A.P., Belash P.M., Borisov Yu.P. et al., Proektirovanie razrabotki
neftyanykh mestorozhdeniy (Designing of oil fields development), Moscow:
Gostoptekhizdat Publ., 1962, 430 p.
3. Baturin Yu.E., Proceedings of ZapSibNIGNI, 1974, V. 22, pp. 3133.
4. Report on the subject no. 28-72-NDKompleksnyy proekt razrabotki Ust'-Balykskoy i levoberezhnoy chasti Soskinskoy ploshchadey (Comprehensive
project of development of Ust-Balykskaya and left-bank part Soskinskaya
areas), Part 2, Authors: Pravednikov N.K., Svishchev M.F., Baturin Yu.E. et al.,
Tyumen': Publ. of Giprotyumenneftegaz, 1974.
5. Order MNR of Russia no. 61 on 21.03.07 Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po
proektirovaniyu razrabotki neftyanykh i gazoneftyanykh mestorozhdeniy
(Guidelines for the design of oil and gas fields development).
6. Baturin Yu.E., Plenkina M.V., Selezeneva L.A., Collected papers Voprosy
proektirovaniya razrabotki mestorozhdeniy nefti i gaza v Zapadnoy Sibiri (Issues
of designing of oil and gas fields development in Western Siberia), Tyumen:
PH Slovo, 2010, pp. 3445.

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N.N. Mikhailov (Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, RF, Moscow), V.I. Polishchuk (Oil and Gas Research Institute of RAS, RF, Moscow), Z.R. Khazigaleeva (NizhnevartovskNIPIneft OJSC, RF, Nizhnevartovsk)
Modeling of residual oil distribution in flooded heterogeneous formations

Key words: residual oil, development systems, well spacing, stimulation of production, oil recovery.

The authors reviewed the principles of modeling of residual oil distribution in a heterogeneous reservoir. The regularities of the heterogeneity influence on the residual oil saturation (ROS) are stated. The comparison of ROS in homogeneous and heterogeneous formations is given. The stimulation effect on the ROS of heterogeneous formation is analyzed.
References
1. Lisovskiy N.N., Ivanova M.M., Baziv V.F., Malyugin V.M., Materialy rasshirennogo zasedaniya TsKR Rosnedra (neftyanaya sektsiya), posvyashchennogo 45-letiyu TsKR MNP NAEN (Proceedings of expanded meeting of CDC Rosnedra (Oil Section), devoted to the 45 anniversary of the CDC National Association for the examination of the subsoil), 2008, pp. 15-19.
2. Mikhaylov N.N., Ostatochnoe neftenasyshchenie razrabatyvaemykh plastov
(Residual oil saturation of developed reservoirs), Moscow: Nedra Publ.,
1992, 240 p.
3. Mikhaylov N.N., Glazova V.I., Vysokovskaya E.S., Prognoz ostatochnogo
neftenasyshcheniya pri proektirovanii metodov vozdeystviya na plast i prizaboynuyu
zonu (Forecast of residual oil saturation in the design of methods
of stimulation of reservoir and the bottom zone), Moscow: Publ. of VNIIOENG,
1983, 71 p.
4. Mikhaylov N.N., Dzhemesyuk A.V., Kol'chitskaya T.N., Sostoyanie i raspredelenie ostatochnoy nefti v zavodnennykh plastakh. Fundamental'nyy bazis
novykh tekhnologiy neftyanoy i gazovoy promyshlennosti (Status and distribution
of residual oil in waterflooding reservoir. Fundamental basis of the new
technology in the oil and gas industry), Moscow: Nauka Publ., 2000.
5. Mikhaylov N.N., Collected papers “Novye tekhnologii osvoeniya i razrabotki
trudnoizvlekaemykh zapasov nefti i gaza i povysheniya neftegazootdachi”
(New technologies of development and exploitation of stranded oil and gas
and enhanced oil gas recovery), Moscow: Publ. of Institut neftegazovogo
biznesa N, 2008, 344 p.
6. Mikhaylov N.N., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo – Oil Industry, 2013, no. 3, pp. 69-73.
7. Mikhaylov N.N., Chumikov R.I., Vestnik TsKR Rosnedra, 2009, no. 5, pp. 42-48.
8. Dgemesuk A.V., Mikhailov N.N., Hydrodynamic models of the residual oil
distribution in water-frood reservoirs, Fluid dynamics, Consultants bureau,
New York, 2000, pp. 1719.
9. Mikhaylov N.N., Varlamov D.P., Klenkov K.A., Burenie i neft', 2004, no. 1,
pp. 13-15.
10. Mikhaylov N.N., Mukhamedshin R.Z., Materialy rasshirennogo zasedaniya
TsKR Rosnedra (neftyanaya sektsiya), posvyashchennogo 45-letiyu TsKR MNP
NAEN (Proceedings of expanded meeting of CDC Rosnedra (Oil Section),
devoted to the 45 anniversary of the CDC National Association for the examination
of the subsoil), 2008, pp. 90-106.

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A.M. Svalov (Oil and Gas Research Institute of RAS, RF, Moscow)
Problems of capillary pressure definition in samples of rocks by centrifugation method (part 1)

Key words: capillary pressure, centrifugation method, data processing.

In paper laws of expulsion of wetting fluid from samples of rocks are investigated at centrifugation method application for capillary pressure definition. It is erected, that at a standard centrifugation method achievement of the capillary pressures exceeding one atmosphere is physically impossible. Advancing of the method envisioning increase of initial stress in core holder of a centrifuge is offered. Abundant errors are analyzed at interpretation of centrifugation data and the method raising reliability of treating of these data is tendered.

References
1. Collins R.E., Flow of fluids through porous materials, Tulsa, Oklahoma: Petroleum Publishing-Reinhold, 1961.
2. Tul'bovich B.I., Metody izucheniya porod-kollektorov nefti i gaza (Methods
of study of oil and gas res-ervoir rocks), Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1979, 199 p.
3. Gudok N.S., Bogdanovich N.G., Martynov V.G., Opredelenie fizicheskikh
svoystv neftevodosoderz-hashchikh porod (Determination of physical
properties of oil-water-bearing rocks), Moscow: Nedra-Biznestsentr Publ.,
2007, 592 p.
4. Tiab D., Donaldson E C., Petrophysics: theory and practice of measuring reservoir rock and fluid transport, Elsevier Inc., 2004, 926 p.

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N.A. Morozovskiy, M.I. Kremenetskiy, A.S. Sirota (Gazpromneft NTC LLC, RF, Moscow), A.A. Shoshin R.N. Feoktistov (Gazpromneft Orenburg CJSC, RF, Orenburg)
Carbonated layers fractured zones localization based on well testing

: well testing, carbonated reservoir, fractured reservoir, development monitoring, well productivity.

In case of carbonated reservoir with bifurcated system of fractures, well productivity depends on fact of fractures penetration and size rock blocks without fractures. Definition parameters of that system are difficult with help of classic filtration model and demand from use not only new interpretation algorithms, but special testing methodic. This paper describes definition algorithm of main parameters of those layer systems, which may be used in development planning and monitoring.

References
1. Earlouger R.C., Advances in well test analysis, Momograph Series, SPE
978-0-89520-204-8. – 1977.
2. Bourdet D., Gringarten A.S., Determination of fissure volume and block
size in fractured reservoirs by type curve analysis, SPE 9293. 1980.
3. Warren J.E, Root P.J., Discussion of unsteady-state behavior of naturally
fractured reservoirs, SPE 966-PA. 1965.
4. Kuchuk F., Biryukov D., Transient pressure test interpretation for continuously
and discretelu fractured reservoirs, SPE 158096, 2012.
5. Gulyaev D.N., Kokurina V.V., Kremenetskiy M.I. et al., Neftyanoe
khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2012, no. 5, pp. 8285.
6. Ipatov A.I., Kremenetskiy M.I., Inzhenernaya praktika, 2012, no. 9, pp. 48.

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N.A. Makhota, A.Ya. Davletbaev, G.R. Bikbulatova (RN-UfaNIPIneft LLC, RF, Ufa), A.V. Sergeychev, I.R. Yamalov (Rosneft Oil Company, RF, Moscow), R.N. Asmandiyarov (RN-Yuganskneftegas LLC, RF, Nefteyugansk), E.V. Simon (RN-Purneftegas LLC, RF, Gubkinsky)
Refinement of Bottomhole Pressure When Measuring Dynamic Head

Key words: liquid level, gas acoustic wave velocity, bottomhole pressure.

When defining the liquid level, inaccuracies simply arise from the fact that wrong specifications are chosen for the acoustic wave velocity that is later on used in the interpretation of recorded measurements. Main objective of this paper is to evaluate results of collected sample data in the attempt of a field-wide research-campaign eager to precisely locate the dynamic level and simultaneously identify the acoustic wave velocity within the annular gas. To determine velocity we made use of sophisticated speedometer measurements tracking down the acoustic signal reflected from down-hole tubing couplings.

References
1. Khasanov M.M., Pashali A.A., Khabibullin R.A., Krasnov V.A., Nauchnotekhnicheskiy vestnik OAO “NK Rosneft'”, 2006, no. 2, pp. 29-36.
2. Khasanov M.M., Krasnov V.A., Pashali A.A., Khabibullin R.A., Neftyanoe
khozyaystvo – Oil Industry, 2006, no. 9, pp. 48-52.
3. Silkina T.N., Bormashov V.P., Gaus P.O., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2005, no. 3, pp. 78-81.
4. Margarit A.S., Zhdanov I.A., Roshchektaev A.P., Gimaletdinov R.A., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2012, no. 12, pp. 62-65.
5. URL: http://www.quantor-t.ru/

6. URL: http://www.siamoil.ru/


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V.N. Fedorov, D.R. Gizatullin (BashNIPIneft LLC, RF, Ufa)
The solution of direct and inverse problems of hydrodynamics, when changing filtration-capacitive properties oil reservoir in the vicinity of the wellbore

Key words: permeability, porosity, build-up curve, skin effect, reservoir heterogeneity, near wellbore zone, diffusion, flow through equation.

The paper reviews the results from the research on the effect of formation damage in the near well bore area due to the flow of reservoir fluids with suspended fine particles on the behavior of pressure build-up curves. The scope of the research and its tasks included the mass transfer solution for a porous media considering the changes in the pore space geometry with time subject to various factors. The analysis of a numerical simulation model showed a significant decrease in the reservoir porosity and permeability in the near wellbore zone of the formation. The study of the diagnostic build-up curves in a log-log scale revealed the fact that the models created in commercially available industry software programs do not give a unique solution for the permeability value in the near-wellbore zone, altered by colmatage but rather provide the average permeability value of the formation. The variability of the inverse dynamic model apart from the known and pre-set property changes was proved to be related to the changeability of the field data (such as pressure, production rates) as well as physical and chemical properties of in-situ and flowing fluids. Thus the correct estimate of the formation permeability and porosity requires definition of the associated parameters relevant for data processing and interpretation for a particular well under study, along with routine well test operations to detect their relative changes which contribute to the increased robustness and reliability of the reservoir characterization studies.
References
1. Shagiev R.G., Levchenko Sh.O., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo – Oil Industry, 2002,
no. 12, pp. 6769.
2. Nikiforov A.N., Anokhin S.V., Timoshenko I.E., Aktual'nye problemy mekhaniki sploshnoy sredy (Actual problems of continuum mechanics): On the 10th
anniversary of IME KazSC RAS. Kazan': IMM KazNTs RAN, 2001, pp. 8499.
3. Nikiforov A.I., Timoshenko I.E., Gazizov A.Sh., Gazizov A.A., Collected papers “Novye idei poiska, razvedki i razrabotki neftyanykh mestorozhdeniy”
(New ideas for prospecting, exploration and development of oil fields), Proceedings
of Scientific-practical conference timed to VII International Exhibition
Neft', gaz2000 (Oil, gas’ 2000), Kazan', 5-8 September 2000, Part II,
Kazan': Ekotsentr, 2000, pp. 461467.
4. Anokhin S.V., Nikiforov A.I., Timoshenko I.E., Proceedings of VIII All-Russian
Congress on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Publ. of Ural Branch of RAS,
2001, p. 49.

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V.V. Akhmetgareev (TatNIPIneft, RF, Bugulma), I.G. Gazizov, I.V. Volkov, V.V. Emelyanov, R.Kh. Akhmadullin (Oil and Gas Production Department Prikamneft, RF, Elabuga)
Improving the Development Strategy for the Bondyuzhskoye Oil Field

Key words: waterflooding, oil recovery factor, terrigenous reservoir, displacement pattern, dual completion method for production.

The article presents the history of the development of the Bondyuzhskoye oil field which is currently at the late stage of development. Based on the analysis performed, further strategies for improvement of field development system are offered in order to achieve high oil recovery factor.

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V.N. Nesterov (Neftisa NK OJSC, RF, Moscow), A.V. Baryshnikov (Uralnefteservis CJSC, RF, Perm), D.R. Galeev (Novosibirskneftegaz OJSC, RF, Novosibirsk), L.S. Brilliant, A.S. Zavialov , A.V. Kibirev (TING CJSC, RF, Tyumen)
Technique to improve the system of development during flooding by the example of Verkh-Tarskoye field

Key words: oil recovery rate, sweep efficiency, the grid density, flooding , the proxy model, optimization, planning of the geological and technical measures , interference , field.The problems of reducing the cost of drilling and wells operating always remain relevant at an oil fields development. An approach to solving the problem for the improvement of the development system through a combination of measures aimed at optimizing well spacing and waterflood system optimization by the example of Verkh-Tarskoye field is considered.
References
1. Shpurov I.V., Kuramshin R.M., Brilliant L.S., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo – Oil industry, 1988, no. 10, pp. 3031.
2. Brilliant L.S., Revenko V.M., Lavrova O.A., Collected papers “Voprosy intensifikatsii razrabotki neftyanykh mestorozhdeniy” (Issues of intensification of oil
fields development), Tyumen', 1983, 101 s.
3. Yur'ev A.N., Collected papers Voprosy intensifikatsii razrabotki
neftyanykh mestorozhdeniy (Issues of intensification of oil fields development),
Tyumen', 1986.
4. Lisovskiy N.N., Brilliant L.S., Shubin A.S. et al., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil industry, 2008, no. 3, pp. 4952.
5. L.S. Brilliant, A.S. Zavialov, A.V. Kibirev et al., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil
industry, 2014, no 8, pp. 6871.

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G.S. Aitkaliyeva, Sh.A. Askarova, G.I. Boyko, E.M. Shaikhutdinov (Kazakh National Technical University after K.I. Satpayev, the Republic of Kazakhstan, Almaty), N.P. Lubchenco (Unat University, the Republik of Kazakhstan, Almaty), R.G. Sarmurzina (National company KazMunayGaz JSC, the Republic of Kazakhstan, Astana), U.S. Karabalin, KAZENERGY, the Republic of Kazakhstan, Astana)
Comparative analysis of asphalt-resin-paraffin deposits and included paraffins structure of Western Kazakhstan and South Turgay depression

Key words: asphalt-resin-paraffin deposits, deposits content, structure of paraffin.

In this paper was studied the physicochemical properties and composition of solid paraffin deposits taken fr om wells Uzhno-Kamyshitovoe, Uzen field and paraffin deposits extracted from oil Kumkol and Akshabulak. It was showed that asphalt-resin-paraffin deposits (ARPD) density increasing depends on asphaltenes content. Identified metals and their quantitative composition in ARPD was determined by X-Ray analysis. The structure of extracted paraffin was examined by optical microscope. For confirm the structure and phase contain of paraffin was used X-ray phase analysis. There was found that crystalline phase contain mainly normal paraffin wh ereas isoparaffin and napthenes characterize with amorphous structure. As a result, it was found that the composition and properties of paraffin wax deposition are determined by oil nature, which is particularly important when selecting the most effective ARPD inhibitors.

References
1. Akchurin V.A., Mar'in V.I., Demakhin A.G., Khimicheskie metody udaleniya i
predotvrashcheniya obrazovaniya ASPO pri dobyche nefti (Chemical methods
of removing and preventing the formation of ARPD in oil production),
Saratov: Kolledzh Publ., 2001, 140 p.
2. Nikolaev V.F., Fridman G.B., Sobanova O.B., Bragina N.N.,
Neftepromyslovoe delo, 1995, no. 2–3, pp. 4447.
3. Novikov A.A., Chukhareva N.V., Fiziko-khimicheskie osnovy protsessov transporta i khraneniya nefti i gaza (Physico-chemical principles of transport
processes and storage of oil and gas), Tomsk: Publ. of TPU, 2005, 111 p.
4. Ivanova L.V., Koshelev V.N., Stokolos O.A., Elektronnyy nauchnyy zhurnal
“Neftegazovoe delo” - The electronic scientific journal Oil and Gas Business, 2011, no. 2, pp. 250258: .

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L.S. Brilliant, A.S. Zavialov, A.V. Kibirev (TING CJSC, RF, Tyumen), V.N. Nesterov (Neftisa NK OJSC, RF, Moscow), A.V. Baryshnikov (Uralnefteservis CJSC, RF, Perm) , D.R. Galeev (Novosibirskneftegaz OJSC, RF, Novosibirsk)
Improving the effectiveness of application of the physical-chemical technologies at Verkh-Tarskoye field

Key words: fluid movement profile, discharge pressure, viscoelastic gel compositions, technogenic fracturing, field.

The effectiveness of the carried out measures on the injection of different chemical compositions in Verkh-Tarskoye field conditions is analyzed. The substantiation of the possibility of increasing the potential of the fluid movement profile leveling technology - reacting wells watering decrease, increase of the effect longevity is given.
References
1. Bruno D., Elig-Ekonomaydes K., Dzhozef D., Neftegazovoe obozrenie, 1997,
pp. 52–65.
2. Mangazeev P.V., Pankov M.V., Kulagina T.E., Kamartdinov M.R., Gidrodinamicheskie issledovaniya ekspluatatsionnykh i nagnetatel'nykh skvazhin
(Hydrodynamic studies of production and injection wells), Tomsk: Publ. of TSU,
2004, 339 p.

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.. Folomeev, S.A. Vakhrushev, A.R. Sharifullin (BashNIPIneft LLC, RF, Ufa), L.E. Lenhenkova (Ufa State Petroleum Technical University, RF, Ufa), R.M. Nabiullin, A.I. Fedorov (Bashneft-Polus LLC, RF, Ufa)
Integrated approach to well acidizing design on R.Trebs oil field (Timan-Pechora Basin)

Key words: acid treatment, carbonate, acid composition, math modeling of the acid treatment process, wormhole, well stimulation.

Integrated approach for development of acid treatment designs for wells of R. Trebs oilfield is considered. Optimal acid blends were selected for the target high temperature carbonate reservoirs. Based on the wormhole growth model the acid treatment model was developed. The model was calibrated and adapted for the given field conditions using results of core flow tests.

References
1. Pfeiffer J.Ph., Saal R.N. J. Phys. Chem, 1940, no 44, p. 139.
2. Kharisov R.Ya., Folomeev A.E., Sharifullin A.R. et al., Integrated approach to
acid treatment optimization in carbonate reservoirs, Energy Fuels, 2012, V. 26,
pp. 2621–2630.
3. Fredd .N., Fogler H.S.,Optimum conditions for wormhole formation in carbonate porous media: Influence of transport and reaction, SPE Journal, September 1999, no. 3, pp. 196205.
4. Fredd .N., Fogler H.S., Influence of transport and reaction on wormhole
formation in porous media, AlChE Journal, September 1998, no. 9, pp.
19331949.
5. Hoefner M.L., Fogler H.S., Pore evolution and channel formation during flow
and reaction in porous media, AIChE J., 1988, no. l, pp. 4554.
6. Buijse M., Glasbergen G., A semiempirical model to calculate wormhole growth in carbonate acidizing, SPE 96892, 2008.

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V.A. Klinchev, V. V. Zatsepin, A. S. Ushakova, (Zarubezhneft JSC, RF, Moscow), S.V. Telyshev (JV Rusvietpetro Ltd., RF, Moscow)
Air injection method in oil recovery

Key words: in-situ combustion, high pressure air injection, screening, laboratory research.

In the present paper three possible ways of air injection process development are shown: the method of pushing oil with air without combustion front occurrence, in-situ combustion (ISC), and thermogas treatment, or, using the American terminology, high pressure air injection (HPAI). The field’s properties that determine which way in-situ combustion process will develop are identified. One way to determine in which of these three ways the process will develop is to study the oxidation characteristics using the pressurised differential scanning calorimetry (PDSC). For the improved study of the combustion process DSC experiments of oil samples oxidation reactivity, oil-saturated core and other actively reactive substances establishment are necessary. It is shown how oil can change its reaction activity in the presence of the reservoir core samples. The unsteady type of oil (tarry light oil) has been studied, oxidation of which is accompanied by transition of resins to secondary asphaltenes, which in the presence of core significantly increases the amount of fuel.
References
1. Murav'ev V.M., Eksploatatsiya neftyanykh skvazhin (Operation of oil wells)b
Moscow – Leningrad: Gostoptekhizdat Publ., 1947, 260 p.
2. Zatsepin V.V., Maksutov R.A., The current state of the industrial application
of WAG (In Russ.), Neftepromyslovoe delo, 2009, no. 7, pp. 13 21.
3. Bokserman A.A., Grishin P.A., Isaeva A.V., Tsukanov A.A., Collected papers
“Teoriya i praktika sovremennykh metodov intensifikatsii dobychi nefti i
uvelicheniya nefteotdachi plastov” (Theory and practice of modern methods
of oil well stimulation and EOR), Proceedings of International Scientific
and Practical Conference, 23 - 25 May 2012, Retchitsa, Gomel': Polespechat'
Publ., 2012, pp. 208.
4. Montes A.R., Gutierrez D., Moore R.G. et al., Is high pressure air injection
(HPAI) simply a flue-gas flood? Journal of Canadian Petroleum Tecnology,
2010, V. 49, no. 2, p. 56.
5. Mohiuddin Z., Saaid I.M., Raja A., Anua N.A., Modeling of light oil recovery
through air injection in Malaysian reservoirs, ASIMMOD, 2007,
http://www.mcc.cmu.ac.th/ASIMMOD2007/Paper/D05_Zeeshan%20Mohiuddin.
pdf.
6. Fassihi M.R., Brigham W.E., Ramey H.J., Reaction kinetics of in-situ combustion, Part 1. Observations, SPE Journal, 1984, August, pp. 399-407.
7. Sarathi P.S., In-situ combustion handbook principles and practices, Tulsa,
BDM Petroleum Technologies, 1999, 424 p.
8. Joseph C. Pusch W.H., A field comparison of wet and dry combustion, JCPT,
1980, no. 32, pp. 1523-1528.
9. Standard handbook of petroleum and natural gas engineering: edited by
Lyons W.C., Plisga G.J., Gulf Professional Publishing, Second Edition, 1568 p.

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K.B. Sarkisyants (Oil and Gas Production Department Surgutneft, RF, Surgut), A.I. Malkin (A.N. Frumkin Insitute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry of RAS, RF, Moscow), V.V. Solnyshkin (Oil and Gas Production Department Surgutneft Fedorovskneft, RF, Surgut), M.Yu. Titorov (Perfolink LLC, RF, Moscow.)
Thermobaric situ formation treatment: technology and prospects

Key words: thermobaric situ treatment, hydroactive composition, production stimulation, revivification of permeability.

The article covers the intensification technology of production stimulation of permeable oil-filled formation by means of thermobaric situ treatment. It is based on chemical reaction of aluminium and water shifting the reaction deep down the seam.


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M.S. Turbakov, A.A. Shcherbakov, V.D. Grebnev (Perm National Research Polytechnic University, RF, Perm)
Improvement of vibrowave devices impact on the bottomhole formation zone for the intensification of oil recovery

Key words: enhanced oil recovery methods, bottomhole formation zone, vibrowave impact, oil production problems.

Application of enhanced oil recovery methods allows reducing the filtration resistance in the bottomhole formation zone, stabilizing production and developing fields with unconventional oil reserves which are at the final stage in the most effective way. In order to improve and intensify oil production, reduce costs by increasing the efficiency of processing the bottomhole formation zone and the middle time between failures of deep well pumping equipment the device of vibrowave impact, which permits the treatment of the bottomhole formation zone without lifting the column of tubing is designed.
References
1. Ivanov A.D., Turbakov M.S., Removal of paraffin during operation of Siberian
field’s wells (In Russ.), Vestnik Permskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo
universiteta. Geologiya. Neftegazovoe i gornoe delo, 2006, no. 1,
pp. 37–40.
2. Turbakov M.S., On the choice of reagents for prevent the formation and removal of paraffin in producing wells (In Russ.) Vestnik Permskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. Geologiya. Neftegazovoe i gornoe
delo, 2006, no. 1, pp. 118121.
3. Lekomtsev A.V., Turbakov M.S., Evaluation of the results washing out of oil
wells using coolant and the hydrocarbon solvent in the fields of Nozhovskaya
group (In Russ.), Nauchnye issledovaniya i innovatsii, 2010, V. 4, no. 2,
pp. 3132.
4. Zlobin A.A., Analysis of phase transitions of paraffin in the pore space of
reservoir rocks (In Russ.), Vestnik Permskogo natsional'nogo issledovatel'skogo
politekhnicheskogo universiteta. Geologiya. Neftegazovoe i gornoe delo,
2012, no. 5, pp. 4756.
5. Erofeev A.A., Ponomareva I.N., Turbakov M.S., Limiting conditions evaluation
for processing methods of pressure recovery curves for wells in carbonate
collectors (In Russ.), Inzhener-neftyanik, 2011, no. 3, pp. 1215.
6. Shcherbakov A.A., Turbakov M.S., Dvoretskas R.V., Effectiveness analysis of
enhanced oil recovery methods implementation for hard-to-recover oil reserves
of Perm Kama region (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry,
2012, no. 12, pp. 9799.
7. Poplygin V.V. et al., The results of BS layer bottom zones treatment using DN-
9010 composition in oilfield of Verkhnekamskoye potash deposit area (In
Russ.), Vestnik Permskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta.
Geologiya, geoinformatsionnye sistemy, gorno-neftyanoe delo, 2010, no. 5,
pp. 7074.
8. Allakhverdiev R.A., Inflow intensification by cyclic pulse impact on the bottomhole formation zone (In Russ.), Neftepromyslovoe delo i transport nefti,
1985, V. 3, pp. 10-12.
9. Patent no. 2102577 RF, Device for treating down-hole zone of well, Inventors:
Yumadilov S.A., Sitnikov N.N., Malykhin V.I., Fakhrullin V.I.
10. Umetbaev V.G., Geologo-tekhnicheskie meropriyatiya pri ekspluatatsii
skvazhin (Geological and technical measures during operation of wells),
Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1989, 217 p.
11. Grebnev V.D., Ladygin A.N., Turbakov M.S., Dvoretskas R.V., Improvement
of the water field preparation system for reservoir pressure maintenance
(In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2014, no. 3, pp. 114114.
12. Patent no. 2494231 RF, Dewaxing method of oil producing well, Inventors:
Mordvinov V.A., Turbakov M.S., Erofeev A.A., Lekomtsev A.V.
13. Grebnev V.D., Turbakov M.S., Kozhevnikov E.V., Improving the design back
pressure valve for reservoir pressure maintenance system (In Russ.), Neftyanoe
khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2013, no. 9, pp. 106107.
14. Grebnev V.D., Turbakov M.S., Tret'yakov E.O., Ryabokon' E.P., Improving oil pipeline cleaning devices (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry,
2013, no. 8, pp. 112113.
15. Gadiev S.M., Veklich N.A., Nurgaliev R.M. et al., Investigation of hydraulic
spool vibrators for well treatment (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry,
1972, no. 2, pp. 4245.

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Technics and technology of oil recovery


R.A. Gulamov, B.A. Khadzhikhanov (National Holding Company Uzbekneftegaz, the Republic of Uzbekistan, Tashkent)
Application of the theory of fuzzy algorithms for well interventions planning

Key words: analysis, assessment of well intervention, complex approach, the theory of fuzzy algorithms, adoption of solutions.

Achieving tangible results from the implementation of work on development of hydrocarbon production is highly dependent on the effectiveness of the well intervention. Efficiency of realized well interventions, especially in developed oil and gas fields, depends n the correct choice of candidate wells. Success selection of wells depends largely on the coverage degree of the analysis of geological and technological parameters of candidate wells which are systemic factors at the stage of planning. The authors propose to use in the planning of well intervention an effective optimizing mathematical instrument - the theory of fuzzy algorithms that can reasonably choose candidate wells with a decrease in the time spent on the required procedures as compared to commonly used methods of solutions to these task. As an example on the use of fuzzy algorithms in the article the authors present a solution to the problem of production planning of the water shut to downhole North Urtabulak.
References
1. Mirzadzhanzade A.Kh., Khasanov M.M., Bakhtizin R.N., Modelirovanie protsessov neftegazodobychi (Modelling of processes oil and gas production),
Moscow - Izhevsk: Publ. of , Institute of Computer Science, 2004, 368 p.
2. Nazarov S.N., Sipachev N.V., Neft' i gaz, 1972, no. 10, pp. 41–45.
3. Kopytov A.V., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 1970, no. 12, 3235.
4. Lysenko V.D., Ratsional'naya razrabotka neftyanykh mestorozhdeniy (Rational
development of oil fields), Moscow: Nedra Publ., 2005, pp. 518532.

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The oil-field equipment


R.K. Veliyeva (Oil and Gas Research and Design Institute, SOCAR, the Republic of Azerbaijan, Baku), M.A. Bisenova (KazNIPImunaygaz AO, the Republic of Kazakhstan, Aktau)
Causes of oilfield equipment corrosion of Uzenskoye field wells and ways to protect against it

Key words: oilfield equipment, sealant, inhibitor-bactericide.

The main causes of corrosion damages of oilfield equipment of Uzenskoye field are interpreted. The need for protection and sealing of threaded connections and oil-well tubing couplings is shown. An aggressiveness of formation and sewage waters of Uzenskoye field wells are studied. Chemical and microbiological analyzes of waters, accompanying the produced oil, testify the high corrosion activity. It is shown that the chemicals, used at the Uzenskoye field to prevent corrosion processes, have mainly bactericidal properties. The inhibitors -bactericides of composite character are recommended to protect against microbiological, general and pitting corrosion.
References
1. Rozenfel'd I.L. Ingibitory korrozii (Corrosion inhibitors), Moscow:
Khimiya Publ., 1977, 300 p.
2. Dorofeev A.G., Paryshev Yu.N., Rogaza M.M. et al., Obzornaya informatsiya.
Seriya Korroziya i zashchita v neftegazovoy promyshlennosti,
Moscow:Publ. of VNIIOENG, 1986, V. 5, pp. 3-6.
3. Proskurkin E.V., Sukhomlin A.I., Shanilov V.A. et al., Neftyanoe
khozyaystvo – Oil Industry, 1998, no. 9, pp. 81-83.
4. Velieva R.K., Gamidova N.S., Azimov N.A. et al., Neftyanoe
khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2012, no. 7, pp. 112-115.
5. Vagapov R.K., Kolikovskiy R.V., Kuznetsov Yu.I., Korroziya: materialy,
zashchita Corrosion: Materials, Protection, 2010, no. 10, pp. 16-23.

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I.Yu. Bykov, E.S. Yushin (Ukhta State Technical University, RF, Ukhta)
Stand for tests of tubing thread connections at screwing and unscrewing in corrosive and abrasive environments

Key words: testing stand, tubing thread, screwing and unscrewing tubes, thread wear, corrosive environments.

The purpose of work is test the wear for wear of threaded connections of oilfield tubes and assessment of influence of methods of hardening and restoration for their operational resource. Subject of work is development of a design of the stand for tests of threaded connections of tubes of an oilfield assortment in hostile corrosive and abrasive environment. The design of the stand allows making tests of tube threaded at screwing and unscrewing in the corrosion or abrasive environment with creation of axial load on a thread mechanically and also provides a supply and offtake of the working agent. The mode of control of degree of wear of threads at test of threaded connections of tubing is considered and consists in spacing measurement between the ends of controlled details or by means of calibers after the quantity number of cycles of screwing and unscrewing.

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A.N. Drozdov (Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, RF, Moscow)
Problems in WAG implementation and prospects of their solutions

Key words: WAG process, enhanced oil recovery, pump, compressor, pump-ejecting system.

WAG is an effective method to enhance oil recovery. However, widespread use of WAG in our environment is difficult to provide with known technologies. Therefore, the creation of an effective, reliable and easy to maintain equipment and technology for the preparation and injection water-gas mixture into the injection wells is an urgent problem for Russian oil production. Good prospects in its decision has WAG with using of pump-ejecting systems which allow to prepare in the surface the water-gas mixture and inject it into the reservoir in a wide range of flow rates and pressures by equipment, which can be successfully used in field conditions.
References
1. Tsyganova E.F., Cheremisin N.A., Gordeev A.O., Neftepromyslovoe delo,
2014, no. 2, pp. 5–10.
2. Zemtsov Yu.V., Timchuk A.S., Baranov A.V., Gordeev A.S., Geologiya, geofizika i razrabotka neftyanykh i gazovykh mestorozhdeniy, 2013, no. 10,
pp. 4955.
3. Luk'yanov Yu.V., Shuvalov A.V., Nasretdinov R.G. et al., Neftyanoe
khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2009, no. 3, pp. 4447.
4. Chubanov O.V., Kharlanov S.A., Nurgaliev R.G., Territoriya Neftegaz, 2008,
no. 9, pp. 4248.
5. Karpov V.B., Kokorev V.I., Gas utilizing methods new technology of oil recovery factor improvement, SPE 117373, 2008.
6. Kokorev V.I., Neftepromyslovoe delo, 2009, no. 11, pp. 2427.
7. Shevchenko A.K., Chizhov S.I., Tarasov A.V., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2011, no. 10, pp. 100102.
8. Drozdov A.N., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo Oil Industry, 2011, no. 9,
pp. 108111.
9. Lyamaev B.F., Gidrostruynye nasosy i ustanovki (Hydro-jet pumps and units),
Leningrad: Mashinostroenie Publ., 1988, 256 p.
10. Donets K.G., Gidroprovodnye struynye kompressornye ustanovki (Hydraulic
jet compressor units), Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1990, 174 p.
11. Krasil'nikov I.A., Razrabotka metodiki rascheta kharakteristik zhidkostnogazovykh ezhektorov dlya ekspluatatsii skvazhin i vodogazovogo
vozdeystviya na plast s ispol'zovaniem nasosno-ezhektornykh sistem (Development
of methodology for calculation of liquid-gas ejectors for the wells operation
and water-gas stimulation using ejector-pump systems): thesis of candidate
of technical science, Moscow, 2010.
12. Drozdov A.N., Razrabotka metodiki rascheta kharakteristiki pogruzhnogo
tsentrobezhnogo nasosa pri ekspluatatsii skvazhin s nizkimi davleniyami u
vkhoda v nasos (Development of methodology for calculating the characteristics
of submersible centrifugal pump during operation of wells with low
pressure at the entrance to the pump): thesis of candidate of technical science,
Moscow, 1982.

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Economy, management, the legal right


I.A. Ponomareva, Yu.G. Bogatkina, N.A. Eremin (Oil and Gas Research Institute of RAS, RF, Moscow)
Multiobjective optimization of the field development variant in an investment project

Key words: economic evaluation, investment oil and gas project, economic and mathematical method, design decisions.

The article presents the basic economic criteria for evaluating oil and gas investment projects by rapid method and dynamic model, their brief description is given. In the given methods, economic criteria are considered as a set of interrelated elements making it possible to take a final decision on the effectiveness of putting of developed field in the industrial application. The boundaries of the evaluation of permissible level of investment attractiveness (efficiency) of an oil and gas project are shown by the example of Musyurshorskoye field. It is actual that the considered approaches to obtaining an investment decision on multiobjective optimization of field development variant make it possible to comprehensively evaluate the investment project and make a final conclusion about its effectiveness.
References
1. Ponomareva I.A, Bogatkina Yu.G., Eremin N.A., Kompleksnaya ekonomicheskaya otsenka mestorozhdeniy uglevodorodnogo syr'ya v investitsionnykh proektakh (A comprehensive economic evaluation of hydrocarbon fields in investment projects), Moscow: Nauka Publ., 2006, 134 p.
2. Ponomareva I.A., Bogatkina Yu.G. Eremin A.N., Problemy ekonomiki i upravleniya neftegazovym kompleksom, 2011, no. 11, pp. 40-42.
3. Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po otsenke investitsionnykh proektov i ikh otboru
dlya finansirovaniya (Guidelines for evaluation of investment projects
and their selection for financing), 3rd edition, Moscow: Publ. of State Committee
of Russia, RF Ministry of Economy, RF Ministry of Finance, Russian Federation
State Committee on Industrial Policy, 2008, 234 p.
4. URL: http://fd.ru/reader.htm?id=1317

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Power supply


B.N. Abramovich, D.A. Ustinov, Yu.A. Sychev, A.Ya. Shkljarskiy (National Mineral Resources University (University of Mines), RF, Saint-Petersburg)
The methods of voltage dips and distortion compensation in electrical networks of oil production enterprises

Key words: voltage dip, voltage distortion, dynamic compensator of voltage distortion, compensation, automated point of sectioning, high speed of automated reserve input.

The necessity of voltage dips and distortions compensation in electrical networks of oil production enterprises is proved. The main reasons of voltage dips and distortions appearance in electrical networks of oil production enterprises are detected. The number of technical means for voltage dips and distortions effective compensation in oil production conditions is given. The effectiveness of improved dynamic compensator of voltage distortion using together with automated point of sectioning and high speed device of automated reserve input is proved.
References
1. Abramovich B.N., Ustinov D.A., Sychev Yu.A., Plotnikov I.G., Elektronnyy
nauchnyy zhurnal “Neftegazovoe delo” – The electronic scientific
journal Oil and Gas Business, 2011, no. 3, pp. 1725, URL:
http://www.ogbus.ru/authors/Abramovich/Abramovich_1.pdf.
2. Abramovich B.N., Ustinov D.A., Polyakov V.E., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo
Oil Industry, 2010, no. 9, pp. 104106.
3. Abramovich B.N., Sychev Yu.A., Ustinov D.A., Shklyarskiy A.Ya.,
Promyshlennaya energetika, 2012, no. 4, pp. 2325.
4. Gamazin S.P., Pupin V.M., Markov Yu.V., Promyshlennaya energetika,
2006, no. 11, pp. 5156.
5. Patent no. 2446537 RF, Device to adjust voltage and transmitted capacity
of electric network, Inventors: Abramovich B.N., Sychev Yu.A.,
Ustinov D.A., Shklyarskiy A.Ya.
6. Patent no. 2453021 RF, Control device of deviations of voltage and reactive
power of electric network, Inventors: Abramovich B.N., Sychev
Yu.A., Ustinov D.A., Shklyarskiy A.Ya.
7. Abramovich B.N., Medvedev A.V., Starostin V.V., Muratbakeev E.Kh.,
Promyshlennaya energetika, 2009, no. 7, pp. 2528.

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Ecological and industrial safety


Yu.G. Bezrodny, V.V. Novikova (VolgogradNIPImorneft Branch of LUKOIL-Engineering LLC in Volgograd, RF, Volgograd)
Environmental issues of design documentation re-use for subsequent wells construction

Key words: well construction design; state expert examination of design documentation; environmental protection; safety rules in oil and gas industry; repeated application of design documentation; natural resource management; Industry-Specific Construction Standard (ISCS) 39-86.

Industry-specific construction standards, developed in 1986, and new safety rules in oil and gas industry (2013) fail to provide development and successful approval of design documentation for well construction by the state expert examination in compliance with the updated environmental legislation. The article gives the examples of environmental problems in the course of well construction and repeated application of project design documentation for subsequent wells construction. Recommendations to develop the Amendments for the new rules are given.
References
1. Appendix to the Order of the State Committee for Ecology on 16.05.2000
no. 372 “Polozhenie ob otsenke vozdeystviya namechaemoy khozyaystvennoy
i inoy deyatel'nosti na okruzhayushchuyu sredu v Rossiyskoy Federatsii”
(The provision on impact assessment the planned economic and other activities
on the environment in the Russian Federation).
2. Appendix to the Order of the State Committee for Ecology on 17.06.1997 no.
280 Polozhenie o poryadke provedeniya gosudarstvennoy ekologicheskoy
ekspertizy (Regulation on the procedure of state ecological examination).
3. Federal Law no. 174-FZ on 23.11.1995 Ob ekologicheskoy ekspertize
(On Ecological Expertise).
4. Bezrodnyy Yu.G., Novikova V.V., Vekilov E.Kh., Neftyanoe khozyaystvo - Oil
Industry, 2014, no. 4, pp. 112–116.
5. Bezrodnyy Yu.G., Stroitel'stvo neftyanykh i gazovykh skvazhin na sushe i na
more, 2007, no. 7, pp. 2124.
6. Patent no. 2144605 RF, MPK7 E21V 21/01, Method for storing drilling waste in construction of well on specially protected natural territory, Inventors: Bezrodnyy
Yu.G., Glozman S.M., Novikova V.V.
7. Appendix to the Order of the Federal Service for Ecological, Technological
and Nuclear Supervision no. 101 on 12.03.2013 Pravila bezopasnosti v
neftyanoy i gazovoy promyshlennosti (Safety rules for the oil and gas industry).
8. Bezrodnyy Yu.G., Razrabotka metodov obespecheniya okhrany
okruzhayushchey sredy pri proektirovanii i stroitel'stve neftegazovykh
skvazhin (Development of methods environmental protection in the design
and construction of oil and gas wells): Thesis of doctor of technical science,
Moscow, 2009.

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From history of development of petroleum industry



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Oil refining


Yu.E. Pleshivtseva, M.Yu. Derevyanov, S.P. Setin (Samara State Technical University, RF, Samara)
System analysis of quality management of primary refining process

Key words: System analysis, oil refining, control.

The system approach is suggested to analyze control quality performance of technological processes of primary oil refining in atmospheric and vacuum crude distillation units (A/VCDUs). Obtained system qualifications allow developing the recommendations for increasing a level of automation and efficiency of technological processes control;optimization of structures and parameters of multi-loop control systems with respect to systemic criteria of technological processes quality; improving of production quality under decreasing of material expenses and energy consumption.
References
1. Setin S.P., Egorov A.A., Shendrik S.N., Proceedings of VIII International
Forum on Science, Technology and Education, Moscow: Publ. of Academy
of Sciences about the Earth,, 2013, Part 1, pp.124-125.
2. Kafarov V.V., Meshalkin V.P., Analiz i sintez khimiko-tekhnologicheskikh sistem (Analysis and synthesis of chemical processes), Moscow: Khimiya
Publ., 1991, 432 p.
3. Minsker I.N., Itskovich E.L., Metody analiza ASU khimiko-tekhnologicheskimi
protsessami (ACS methods for analysis of chemical and technological
processes), Moscow: Khimiya Publ., 1990, 120 p.
4. Bochaver N.Z., Deyneko P.S., Shokina L.I., Levchenko G.L., Thematic review
of TsNIITEneftekhim “Raschetnye metody otsenki kachestvennykh
pokazateley neftey i nefteproduktov” (Calculation methods of evaluation
of quality indicators of oils and oil products), Moscow, 1982.
5. Brzhozovskiy B.M., Ignat'ev A.A., Martynov V.V., Skhirtladze A.G., Diagnostika i nadezhnost' avtomatizirovannykh sistem (Diagnosis and reliability
of automated systems), Staryy Oskol: TNT Publ., 2006, 379 p.
6. Diligenskiy N.V., Tsapenko M.V., Proceedings of III International conference
Problemy upravleniya i modelirovaniya v slozhnykh sistemakh (Issues
of control and modeling in complex systems), Samara, SNTs RAN, Part
1, pp. 308–320.
7. Diligenskiy N.V., Tsapenko M.V., Interuniversity collection of scientific papers
Vysshee obrazovanie, biznes, predprinimatel'stvo 2001 (Higher education,
business, entrepreneurship 2001), pp.149-159.
8. Setin S.P., Glazkov I.V., Shuraev M.V., Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy vestnik OAO
NK Rosneft', 2013, no. 1, pp. 44-47.
9. Afinogentov A.A., Pleshivtseva Yu.E., Setin S.P., Snopkov A.S., Vestnik
Samarskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. Seriya
Tekhnicheskie nauki, 2013, no. 4 (40), pp. 102-113.
10. Rapoport E.Ya., Izvestiya RAN. Teoriya i sistemy upravleniya Journal of
Computer and Systems Sciences International, 2012, no. 3, pp. 38-54.
11. Rapoport E.Ya., Pleshivtseva Yu.E., Izvestiya Yuzhnogo Federal'nogo universiteta. Tekhnicheskie nauki, 2011, no. 6(119), pp. 180-192.

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