Topical issues of oil and oil product quality management in pipeline transport

UDK: 39.71:658.5
DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2020-3-96-101
Key words: oil, oil products, pipeline, pumping, quality, quality management, factors, optimization of cargo flows, control actions, quality assurance
Authors: A.Yu. Lyapin (Transneft PJSC, RF, Moscow), F.V. Timofeev (The Pipeline Transport Institute LLC, RF, Moscow)

The paper addresses the oil and oil product quality management in the pipeline transport. Large volumes of oil and oil products are transported in conditions of continuous toughening of requirements for their quality. At the route destinations, the oil and oil product quality must comply with the terms of transportation contracts and current standards. The pumping process features are structural, climatic and operational factors that affect the intensity of physical and chemical processes and, consequentially, the quality of oil and oil products. It is shown that under these conditions an analysis of the quality change causes and possible control actions is required. The quality management is possible through the implementation of a set of control actions, including administrative, methodological and process tasks. These tasks form a three-link system in which the solution of one problem leads to a response in neighboring links. Ensuring the energy resource quality preservation is achieved through the integrated task solution at all levels of the process. For oil transportation, integrated management is to stabilize the oil quality in accordance with the quality requirements established for each specific cargo flow direction. The quality stabilization is achieved through timely processing of information on the planned volumes of oil delivery by consignors, its quality level with reference to the delivery points, obtaining on-line information about the oil quality in the pipeline system and the implementation of the tank battery and mixing point capabilities. The main areas of the oil product quality management are tasks aimed at reducing the harmful effects of transportation conditions on the oil product quality, optimizing cargo flows taking into account the possibilities of sequential pumping of different types of oil products, and organizing the oil product quality monitoring during transportation using in-line and mobile means. The development and implementation of new, including innovative, technical solutions will ensure the high efficiency of the quality management system and ensure the oil and oil product quality safety in pipeline transport in general. 

References

1. URL: https://www.transneft.ru/u/section_file/40031/2019.06.30_go_2018.pdf

2. Fridlyand Ya.M., Kazantsev M.N., Timofeev F.V., Zamalaev S.N., The practice of increasing the volume of the transportation of oil products by major pipeline transport (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2018, no. 4, pp. 100–103.

3. Statistika Tsentrobanka RF (Statistics of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation): URL: https://www.cbr.ru/statistics/macro_itm/svs/

4. Mastepanov A.M., Forecasting the development of the world oil and gas complex as a reflection of global problems and trends in energy consumption (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2018, no. 5, pp. 6–11.

5. Katsal I.N., Lyapin A.Yu., Dubovoy E.S. et al., On the formation of oil traffic in oil trunk pipelines system of JSC Transneft (In Russ.), Nauka i tehnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov = Science & Technologies: Oil and Oil Products Pipeline Transportation, 2016, no. 2(22), pp. 92–95.

6. Aleksandrov I.A., Peregonka i rektifikatsiya v neftepererabotke (Refining and distillation in oil refining), Moscow: Khimiya Publ., 1981, 352 p.

7. Evlakhov S.K., Kozobkova N.A., Kachestvo nefti v truboprovodnom transporte: Sistema upravleniya, tekhnologii i kontrol' (Oil quality in pipeline transport: Management system, technologies and control), Moscow: NEFT'' i GAZ Publ., 2007, 496 p.

8. URL: https://rg.ru/2019/07/22/transneft-usilila-kontrol-pokazatelej-prinimaemoj-nefti.html

9. Andronov S.A., Shippers oil quality – under tight control (In Russ.) Truboprovodnyy transport nefti, 2019, no. 7, pp. 22–25.

10. Bunchuk V.A., Transport i khranenie nefti, nefteproduktov i gaza (Transport and storage of oil, oil products and gas), Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1977, 366 p.

11. Timofeev F.V., Ensuring the safety of the chemmotology "Technique-Fuel-Operation" system's functioning in the pipeline transport (In Russ.), Mir nefteproduktov. Vestnik neftyanykh kompaniy, 2019, no. 4, pp. 19–26.

12. Kupkenov R.R. et al., Oil products purity monitoring in transportation through the main pipelines (In Russ.), Nauka i tehnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov = Science & Technologies: Oil and Oil Products Pipeline Transportation, 2019, V. 9, no. 3, pp. 342–352.

13. Timofeev F.V., Razvitie sistemy obespecheniya sokhrannosti kachestva nefteproduktov na truboprovodnom transporte (Development of a system for ensuring the safety of the quality of oil products in pipeline transport), Proceedings of VIII International Scientific and Technical Conference “Gazotransportnye sistemy: nastoyashchee i budushchee” (Gas transmission systems: present and future), Moscow: Publ. of Gazprom VNIIGAZ, 2019, 16 p.

14. Timofeev F.V., Khimmotologicheskie aspekty perekachki nefti i nefteproduktov magistral'nym truboprovodnym transportom (Chemotological aspects of pumping oil and oil products by main pipeline transport), Proceedings of International Scientific and Technical Conference “55 let khimmotologii – osnovnye itogi i napravleniya razvitiya” (55 years of chemotology - the main results and directions of development), Moscow: Printleto Publ., 2019, pp. 277–280.

15. Gatsilyak I.B., Timofeev V.V., Lyapin A.Yu., Agafonov G.I., Development of normative documentation on the order of planning and accounting oil turnover at Transneft and Transneft subsidiaries (In Russ.), Nauka i tehnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov = Science & Technologies: Oil and Oil Products Pipeline Transportation, 2016, no. 5 (25), pp. 98–102.

16. Shmatkov A.A., Oludina Yu.N., Grishakova A.A., Monitoring of processes of oil mixture and flow traffic generation in the main oil pipeline system (In Russ.), Nauka i tehnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov = Science & Technologies: Oil and Oil Products Pipeline Transportation, 2017, V. 7, no. 3, pp. 96–101.

17. Dubovoy E.S., Shmatkov A.A., Shtonda N.V., Lyapin A.Yu., On the approach to performance evaluation oil blending stations (In Russ.), Nauka i tehnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov = Science & Technologies: Oil and Oil Products Pipeline Transportation, 2018, no. 5(8), pp. 540–546.

18. Khotnichuk S.B. et al., Improvement of the quality assurance system for oil products to be transported by pipelines (In Russ.), Nauka i tehnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov = Science & Technologies: Oil and Oil Products Pipeline Transportation, 2017, V. 7, no. 5, pp. 88–96.

19. Vishnevskaya Yu.A., Aberkova A.S., Perspektivy potochnogo analiza v magistral'nom transporte nefteproduktov (Prospects for in-line analysis in oil products trunk transportation), Proceedings of 73th International Youth Scientific Conference “Neft' i gaz – 2019” (Oil and Gas – 2019), Moscow: Publ. of Gubkin University, 2019, pp. 110–111.

The paper addresses the oil and oil product quality management in the pipeline transport. Large volumes of oil and oil products are transported in conditions of continuous toughening of requirements for their quality. At the route destinations, the oil and oil product quality must comply with the terms of transportation contracts and current standards. The pumping process features are structural, climatic and operational factors that affect the intensity of physical and chemical processes and, consequentially, the quality of oil and oil products. It is shown that under these conditions an analysis of the quality change causes and possible control actions is required. The quality management is possible through the implementation of a set of control actions, including administrative, methodological and process tasks. These tasks form a three-link system in which the solution of one problem leads to a response in neighboring links. Ensuring the energy resource quality preservation is achieved through the integrated task solution at all levels of the process. For oil transportation, integrated management is to stabilize the oil quality in accordance with the quality requirements established for each specific cargo flow direction. The quality stabilization is achieved through timely processing of information on the planned volumes of oil delivery by consignors, its quality level with reference to the delivery points, obtaining on-line information about the oil quality in the pipeline system and the implementation of the tank battery and mixing point capabilities. The main areas of the oil product quality management are tasks aimed at reducing the harmful effects of transportation conditions on the oil product quality, optimizing cargo flows taking into account the possibilities of sequential pumping of different types of oil products, and organizing the oil product quality monitoring during transportation using in-line and mobile means. The development and implementation of new, including innovative, technical solutions will ensure the high efficiency of the quality management system and ensure the oil and oil product quality safety in pipeline transport in general. 

References

1. URL: https://www.transneft.ru/u/section_file/40031/2019.06.30_go_2018.pdf

2. Fridlyand Ya.M., Kazantsev M.N., Timofeev F.V., Zamalaev S.N., The practice of increasing the volume of the transportation of oil products by major pipeline transport (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2018, no. 4, pp. 100–103.

3. Statistika Tsentrobanka RF (Statistics of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation): URL: https://www.cbr.ru/statistics/macro_itm/svs/

4. Mastepanov A.M., Forecasting the development of the world oil and gas complex as a reflection of global problems and trends in energy consumption (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2018, no. 5, pp. 6–11.

5. Katsal I.N., Lyapin A.Yu., Dubovoy E.S. et al., On the formation of oil traffic in oil trunk pipelines system of JSC Transneft (In Russ.), Nauka i tehnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov = Science & Technologies: Oil and Oil Products Pipeline Transportation, 2016, no. 2(22), pp. 92–95.

6. Aleksandrov I.A., Peregonka i rektifikatsiya v neftepererabotke (Refining and distillation in oil refining), Moscow: Khimiya Publ., 1981, 352 p.

7. Evlakhov S.K., Kozobkova N.A., Kachestvo nefti v truboprovodnom transporte: Sistema upravleniya, tekhnologii i kontrol' (Oil quality in pipeline transport: Management system, technologies and control), Moscow: NEFT'' i GAZ Publ., 2007, 496 p.

8. URL: https://rg.ru/2019/07/22/transneft-usilila-kontrol-pokazatelej-prinimaemoj-nefti.html

9. Andronov S.A., Shippers oil quality – under tight control (In Russ.) Truboprovodnyy transport nefti, 2019, no. 7, pp. 22–25.

10. Bunchuk V.A., Transport i khranenie nefti, nefteproduktov i gaza (Transport and storage of oil, oil products and gas), Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1977, 366 p.

11. Timofeev F.V., Ensuring the safety of the chemmotology "Technique-Fuel-Operation" system's functioning in the pipeline transport (In Russ.), Mir nefteproduktov. Vestnik neftyanykh kompaniy, 2019, no. 4, pp. 19–26.

12. Kupkenov R.R. et al., Oil products purity monitoring in transportation through the main pipelines (In Russ.), Nauka i tehnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov = Science & Technologies: Oil and Oil Products Pipeline Transportation, 2019, V. 9, no. 3, pp. 342–352.

13. Timofeev F.V., Razvitie sistemy obespecheniya sokhrannosti kachestva nefteproduktov na truboprovodnom transporte (Development of a system for ensuring the safety of the quality of oil products in pipeline transport), Proceedings of VIII International Scientific and Technical Conference “Gazotransportnye sistemy: nastoyashchee i budushchee” (Gas transmission systems: present and future), Moscow: Publ. of Gazprom VNIIGAZ, 2019, 16 p.

14. Timofeev F.V., Khimmotologicheskie aspekty perekachki nefti i nefteproduktov magistral'nym truboprovodnym transportom (Chemotological aspects of pumping oil and oil products by main pipeline transport), Proceedings of International Scientific and Technical Conference “55 let khimmotologii – osnovnye itogi i napravleniya razvitiya” (55 years of chemotology - the main results and directions of development), Moscow: Printleto Publ., 2019, pp. 277–280.

15. Gatsilyak I.B., Timofeev V.V., Lyapin A.Yu., Agafonov G.I., Development of normative documentation on the order of planning and accounting oil turnover at Transneft and Transneft subsidiaries (In Russ.), Nauka i tehnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov = Science & Technologies: Oil and Oil Products Pipeline Transportation, 2016, no. 5 (25), pp. 98–102.

16. Shmatkov A.A., Oludina Yu.N., Grishakova A.A., Monitoring of processes of oil mixture and flow traffic generation in the main oil pipeline system (In Russ.), Nauka i tehnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov = Science & Technologies: Oil and Oil Products Pipeline Transportation, 2017, V. 7, no. 3, pp. 96–101.

17. Dubovoy E.S., Shmatkov A.A., Shtonda N.V., Lyapin A.Yu., On the approach to performance evaluation oil blending stations (In Russ.), Nauka i tehnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov = Science & Technologies: Oil and Oil Products Pipeline Transportation, 2018, no. 5(8), pp. 540–546.

18. Khotnichuk S.B. et al., Improvement of the quality assurance system for oil products to be transported by pipelines (In Russ.), Nauka i tehnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov = Science & Technologies: Oil and Oil Products Pipeline Transportation, 2017, V. 7, no. 5, pp. 88–96.

19. Vishnevskaya Yu.A., Aberkova A.S., Perspektivy potochnogo analiza v magistral'nom transporte nefteproduktov (Prospects for in-line analysis in oil products trunk transportation), Proceedings of 73th International Youth Scientific Conference “Neft' i gaz – 2019” (Oil and Gas – 2019), Moscow: Publ. of Gubkin University, 2019, pp. 110–111.


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