The development of the arctic shelf represents a great economic significance for Russia as it holds up to 80% of country’s hydrocarbons reserve. However, the production of hydrocarbons in that area is complicated by a delicate ecosystem and unfavorable climate conditions, specifically low temperatures in winter, strong winds and sea waves, seasonal presence of icebergs and pack ice. In this regard, the best solution for extracting oil and gas is the exploitation of the subsea production systems such as manifolds, flexible drill stem, control systems, underwater pipelines, subsea X-mas tree, transmitting and gas preparation systems.
After the imposition of sanctions against Russia in 2014 there were some import substitution programs activated, and shelves development has become one of the most significant directions, due to the crucial dependence on the exported technology and products in this field. The import substitution program can be implemented only along with preparing standards that contain general requirements for the subsystems of subsea production complex on all stages of its life cycle. Obviously, applying these standards will help to accelerate market entry, decrease CAPEX and OPEX and ensure the equipment compatibility. Above all the standards requirements for the most important subsystems of subsea production complex should be issued, namely the ones for manifold systems, flexible drillstem and control systems.
This article contains the analysis of API, ISO, NORSOK standards, the issues of applying them in Russian Arctic regions; it also gives some recommendations on the ways of Russian standardization development in the field of subsea production complex.
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