Authigenic dolomite of Bazhen source successions as indicator of the final stage of hydrocarbon generation

UDK: 553.98
DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2017-4-41-43
Key words:
Authors: A.D. Korobov, L.A. Korobova (Saratov National Research State University, RF, Saratov), V.P. Morosov (Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, RF, Kazan), D.E. Zagranovskaya, O.A. Zakharova (Gazpromneft NTC LLC, RF, Saint-Petersburg)

Petrographic observations, substantiated by the X-ray phase examinations, have revealed dissimilar character of the secondary dolomite development within the highly bituminous rocks of the Bazhenov formation. The mineral in question has not been found in any dry holes. In the low- and medium-flow-rate wells (1.60 21.60 tons per day), it, alongside with other minerals, is more or less uniformly distributed in the principal bituminous mass, impregnates it, producing a peculiar starry arch pattern in thin rock sections. In case of high oil influxes (more than 80 tons per day), the amount of newly formed dolomite rises sharply, its nature and localization character alter. It is important to emphasize, that the dry holes are maximally remote from the faults, and the most productive well has been drilled directly within the tectonic dislocation zone. The rest of the low- and medium-flow-rate wells occur in the intermediate positions relative to the faults.

Productivity of the Bazhenov Formation and generation of authigenous dolomite are controlled by the rock heating degree. Increased temperatures (at about 200 ˚) are required for normal dolomite generation. Within the settings of tectonohydrothermal activation of the Western Siberian Plate, hydrocarbon generation in the oil and gas source rocks occurs under the following temperatures: oil from 60 to 170 ˚, oil + gas condensate from 150 to 200 ˚). The investigation results show, that the algal authigenous dolomite from the Bazhenov formation has not resulted from diagenesis; it has originated autonomously, due to heating of the highly bituminous, Mg and Ca-comprising rocks. The absence or the presence of algal dolomite in situ indicates whether the highly bituminous source series of the Bazhenov Formation has been subjected to the stage of final hydrocarbons generation or not. The areas with the occurrences of algal authigenous dolomite should be regarded as the areas of intense (final) hydrocarbons generation by the Bazhenov deposits.

References

1. Yudovich Ya.E., Ketris M.P., Geokhimiya chernykh slantsev (Geochemistry ofblack shale), Leningrad: Nauka Publ., 1988, 272 p.

2. Neruchev S.G., Rogozina E.A., Zelichenko I.A. et al., Neftegazoobrazovaniev otlozheniyakh domanikovogo tipa (Oil and gas formation in the Domanicdeposits), Leningrad: Nauka Publ., 1986, 247 p.

3. Lebedeva G.V., Vtorichnye izmeneniya organomontmorillonitovykh soedineniyv domanikitakh (Secondary changes in organomontmorillonite compoundsin Domanis formation), In: Zakonomernosti razmeshcheniya kollektorovslozhnogo stroeniya i prognoz neftegazonosnosti (Patterns of distributionof a complex structure collectors and forecast of oil and gas potential),Leningrad: Nauka Publ. , 1985, pp. 9499.

4. Balushkina N.S., Kalmykov G.A., Kiryukhina T.A. et al., Regularities of structureof Bazhenov horizon and upper parts of Abalak suite in view of oil productionprospects (In Russ.), Geologiya nefti i gaza = The journal Oil and Gas Geology,2013, no. 3, pp. 4861.

5. Korobov A.D. Korobova L.A., Morozov V.P., Linear zones of secondarydolomitization of reservoir rocks of Tevlinsko-Russkinskoye field-markers of migrationspaths of oil-bearing fluid (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry,2015, no. 9, pp. 5256.

Petrographic observations, substantiated by the X-ray phase examinations, have revealed dissimilar character of the secondary dolomite development within the highly bituminous rocks of the Bazhenov formation. The mineral in question has not been found in any dry holes. In the low- and medium-flow-rate wells (1.60 21.60 tons per day), it, alongside with other minerals, is more or less uniformly distributed in the principal bituminous mass, impregnates it, producing a peculiar starry arch pattern in thin rock sections. In case of high oil influxes (more than 80 tons per day), the amount of newly formed dolomite rises sharply, its nature and localization character alter. It is important to emphasize, that the dry holes are maximally remote from the faults, and the most productive well has been drilled directly within the tectonic dislocation zone. The rest of the low- and medium-flow-rate wells occur in the intermediate positions relative to the faults.

Productivity of the Bazhenov Formation and generation of authigenous dolomite are controlled by the rock heating degree. Increased temperatures (at about 200 ˚) are required for normal dolomite generation. Within the settings of tectonohydrothermal activation of the Western Siberian Plate, hydrocarbon generation in the oil and gas source rocks occurs under the following temperatures: oil from 60 to 170 ˚, oil + gas condensate from 150 to 200 ˚). The investigation results show, that the algal authigenous dolomite from the Bazhenov formation has not resulted from diagenesis; it has originated autonomously, due to heating of the highly bituminous, Mg and Ca-comprising rocks. The absence or the presence of algal dolomite in situ indicates whether the highly bituminous source series of the Bazhenov Formation has been subjected to the stage of final hydrocarbons generation or not. The areas with the occurrences of algal authigenous dolomite should be regarded as the areas of intense (final) hydrocarbons generation by the Bazhenov deposits.

References

1. Yudovich Ya.E., Ketris M.P., Geokhimiya chernykh slantsev (Geochemistry ofblack shale), Leningrad: Nauka Publ., 1988, 272 p.

2. Neruchev S.G., Rogozina E.A., Zelichenko I.A. et al., Neftegazoobrazovaniev otlozheniyakh domanikovogo tipa (Oil and gas formation in the Domanicdeposits), Leningrad: Nauka Publ., 1986, 247 p.

3. Lebedeva G.V., Vtorichnye izmeneniya organomontmorillonitovykh soedineniyv domanikitakh (Secondary changes in organomontmorillonite compoundsin Domanis formation), In: Zakonomernosti razmeshcheniya kollektorovslozhnogo stroeniya i prognoz neftegazonosnosti (Patterns of distributionof a complex structure collectors and forecast of oil and gas potential),Leningrad: Nauka Publ. , 1985, pp. 9499.

4. Balushkina N.S., Kalmykov G.A., Kiryukhina T.A. et al., Regularities of structureof Bazhenov horizon and upper parts of Abalak suite in view of oil productionprospects (In Russ.), Geologiya nefti i gaza = The journal Oil and Gas Geology,2013, no. 3, pp. 4861.

5. Korobov A.D. Korobova L.A., Morozov V.P., Linear zones of secondarydolomitization of reservoir rocks of Tevlinsko-Russkinskoye field-markers of migrationspaths of oil-bearing fluid (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry,2015, no. 9, pp. 5256.



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