Studies of the influence capillary rise of groundwater distribution of oil pollution in the soil zone of aeration

Authors: Ya.M. Semchuk, E.E. Skyba (Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas, Ukraine, Ivano-Frankivsk)

Key words: capillary rise, capillary fringe, the physical model, filtration and infiltration.

The article presents theoretical information about the formation of capillary phenomena in clays, loams and sands of the aeration zone. It is established that the height and speed of capillary rise varies and increases with the dispersion of the soil. Experiments on a physical model investigated the effect of capillary rise in soils on the distribution of oil pollution. It is established that capillary forces hold the oil in the soil area at a certain distance from the level of groundwater flow.
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