One of the key factors affecting the operating efficiency of producing wells, especially with a high gas content in the product, is to maintain the optimum annular gas pressure. The accumulation of petroleum gas in the annulus in the process of oil extraction by the mechanized method, in particular by sucker-rod pumping units, leads to a decrease in depression on the reservoir, the influx of formation fluid and other negative consequences. The above determines the relevance of the use of various methods and technologies for pumping gas from the annular space of producing wells. The article investigates the problem of optimizing the annular gas pressure and evaluating the effectiveness of its reduction by calculating the potential increase in well flow rate. As optimization criteria, the joint implementation of the following conditions was proposed: ensuring the permissible volume fraction of gas at the inlet, minimum pump immersion under the dynamic level, and maximizing the flow rate of the well. A two-stage algorithm for calculating the parameters of an optimal well operation mode was developed, based on a mathematical model of a three-phase steady-state fluid flow in a wellbore, taking into account phase transitions, hydraulic losses, and the effect of oil and gas slippage. A study was made of the influence of the gas factor and the water content of the product on the effectiveness of reducing gas pressure in the annulus of producing wells. Simulation has shown that the optimal annular gas pressure increases with increasing gas factor and decreasing water cut, and in the natural gas separation mode at the intake it can reach up to 4.0 MPa. It was proposed to use gas separators and anchors as part of a shafts system, which, all other things being equal, would reduce the optimal annular pressure of gas and ultimately increase well production and operating efficiency. Calculations show that pumping gas from the well annular space allows, under favorable geological and technical conditions, to obtain a significant inease in fluid flow rate — up to 15–20 m3/day. References 1. Zubairov S.G., Urazakov K.R., Azizov A.M., Usmanov R.V., Complex approach to reducing the influence of associated petroleum gas on rod pump unit efficiency (In Russ.), Neftegazovoe delo, 2019, V. 17, no. 3, pp. 106–112. 2. Urazakov K.R., Abramova E.V., Topol'nikov A.S., Minnigalimov R.Z., Technology for increasing oil from low-productiv wells (In Russ.), Neftegazovoe delo, 2013, no. 4, pp. 201–211. 3. Rabaev R.U., Belozerov V.V., Molchanova V.A., Associated annular gas utilization methods (In Russ.), Neftegazovoe delo, 2019, V. 17,no. 2, pp. 88–93. 4. Sevast'yanov A.V., Mingulov Sh.G., Nigay Yu.V., Valeev M.D., Tret'yakov R.S., Research and optimization of gas extraction from the annular space of oil wells (In Russ.), Problemy sbora, podgotovki i transporta nefti i nefteproduktov, 2016, no. 2 (104), pp. 42–48. 5. Mak-Koy Ch., A gas compressor operating from the rocker of a rocking machine is useful in various field operations (In Russ.), Neftegazovye tekhnologii, 2004, no. 3, pp. 44–46. 6. Isaev A.A., Takhautdinov R.Sh., Malykhin V.I., Sharifullin A.A., Efficient system of oil production (In Russ.), Neftepromyslovoe delo, 2018, no. 11, pp. 49–54. 7. Urazakov K.R., Molchanova V.A., Topol'nikov A.S., Mathematical model of a rod installation with an ejector for pumping gas from the annulus (In Russ.), Interval, 2007, no. 6, pp. 54–60. 8. Bakhtizin R.N., Urazakov K.R., Latypov B.M., Ishmukhametov B.Kh., Fluid leakage in a sucker-rod pump with regular micro-relief at surface of the plunger (In Russ.), Neftegazovoe delo, 2016, V. 14, no. 4, pp. 33–39. 9. Urazakov K.R., Bakhtizin R.N., Ismagilov S.F., Topol'nikov A.S., Theoretical dynamometer card calculation taking into account complications in the sucker rod pump operation (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2014, no. 1, pp. 90–93. 10. Shi H., Holmes J., Durlofsky L.J. et al., Drift-flux modeling of two-phase flow in wellbores, SPE-84228-PA , 2005. 11. Volkov M.G., Smolyanets E.F., Specifics of oil well operation in the conditions of high free gas content in the production stream (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2018, no. 11, pp. 120–124. 12. Mikhaylov V.G., Ponomarev A.I., Topol'nikov A.S., Prediction of gas factor taking into account gas dissolved in the water at late stages development of oil fields (In Russ.), SOCAR Proceedings, 2017, no. 3, pp. 41–48. |

One of the key factors affecting the operating efficiency of producing wells, especially with a high gas content in the product, is to maintain the optimum annular gas pressure. The accumulation of petroleum gas in the annulus in the process of oil extraction by the mechanized method, in particular by sucker-rod pumping units, leads to a decrease in depression on the reservoir, the influx of formation fluid and other negative consequences. The above determines the relevance of the use of various methods and technologies for pumping gas from the annular space of producing wells. The article investigates the problem of optimizing the annular gas pressure and evaluating the effectiveness of its reduction by calculating the potential increase in well flow rate. As optimization criteria, the joint implementation of the following conditions was proposed: ensuring the permissible volume fraction of gas at the inlet, minimum pump immersion under the dynamic level, and maximizing the flow rate of the well. A two-stage algorithm for calculating the parameters of an optimal well operation mode was developed, based on a mathematical model of a three-phase steady-state fluid flow in a wellbore, taking into account phase transitions, hydraulic losses, and the effect of oil and gas slippage. A study was made of the influence of the gas factor and the water content of the product on the effectiveness of reducing gas pressure in the annulus of producing wells. Simulation has shown that the optimal annular gas pressure increases with increasing gas factor and decreasing water cut, and in the natural gas separation mode at the intake it can reach up to 4.0 MPa. It was proposed to use gas separators and anchors as part of a shafts system, which, all other things being equal, would reduce the optimal annular pressure of gas and ultimately increase well production and operating efficiency. Calculations show that pumping gas from the well annular space allows, under favorable geological and technical conditions, to obtain a significant inease in fluid flow rate — up to 15–20 m3/day. References 1. Zubairov S.G., Urazakov K.R., Azizov A.M., Usmanov R.V., Complex approach to reducing the influence of associated petroleum gas on rod pump unit efficiency (In Russ.), Neftegazovoe delo, 2019, V. 17, no. 3, pp. 106–112. 2. Urazakov K.R., Abramova E.V., Topol'nikov A.S., Minnigalimov R.Z., Technology for increasing oil from low-productiv wells (In Russ.), Neftegazovoe delo, 2013, no. 4, pp. 201–211. 3. Rabaev R.U., Belozerov V.V., Molchanova V.A., Associated annular gas utilization methods (In Russ.), Neftegazovoe delo, 2019, V. 17,no. 2, pp. 88–93. 4. Sevast'yanov A.V., Mingulov Sh.G., Nigay Yu.V., Valeev M.D., Tret'yakov R.S., Research and optimization of gas extraction from the annular space of oil wells (In Russ.), Problemy sbora, podgotovki i transporta nefti i nefteproduktov, 2016, no. 2 (104), pp. 42–48. 5. Mak-Koy Ch., A gas compressor operating from the rocker of a rocking machine is useful in various field operations (In Russ.), Neftegazovye tekhnologii, 2004, no. 3, pp. 44–46. 6. Isaev A.A., Takhautdinov R.Sh., Malykhin V.I., Sharifullin A.A., Efficient system of oil production (In Russ.), Neftepromyslovoe delo, 2018, no. 11, pp. 49–54. 7. Urazakov K.R., Molchanova V.A., Topol'nikov A.S., Mathematical model of a rod installation with an ejector for pumping gas from the annulus (In Russ.), Interval, 2007, no. 6, pp. 54–60. 8. Bakhtizin R.N., Urazakov K.R., Latypov B.M., Ishmukhametov B.Kh., Fluid leakage in a sucker-rod pump with regular micro-relief at surface of the plunger (In Russ.), Neftegazovoe delo, 2016, V. 14, no. 4, pp. 33–39. 9. Urazakov K.R., Bakhtizin R.N., Ismagilov S.F., Topol'nikov A.S., Theoretical dynamometer card calculation taking into account complications in the sucker rod pump operation (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2014, no. 1, pp. 90–93. 10. Shi H., Holmes J., Durlofsky L.J. et al., Drift-flux modeling of two-phase flow in wellbores, SPE-84228-PA , 2005. 11. Volkov M.G., Smolyanets E.F., Specifics of oil well operation in the conditions of high free gas content in the production stream (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2018, no. 11, pp. 120–124. 12. Mikhaylov V.G., Ponomarev A.I., Topol'nikov A.S., Prediction of gas factor taking into account gas dissolved in the water at late stages development of oil fields (In Russ.), SOCAR Proceedings, 2017, no. 3, pp. 41–48. |