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The problems of the environmental protection in progress cleaning of the linear part of the pipelines from the tree and shrub vegetation

UDK: 632.954: 504.054
DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2018-6-148-152
Key words: herbicides, pipeline, tree and shrub vegetation, removing technology, imazapyr, glyphosate
Authors: M.A. Troshin (The Pipeline Transport Institute LLC, RF, Moscow), A.V. Nikolaeva (The Pipeline Transport Institute LLC, RF, Moscow), S.A. Polovkov (The Pipeline Transport Institute LLC, RF, Moscow)

The system of organizations of Transneft uses a complex approach to ensuring industrial and environmental safety, relevant on the most harsh modern requirements. One of the safety requirements is ensure unhindered access to any point of the pipeline. For this goal the territory adjacent to the pipeline is cleaned of unwanted tree and shrub vegetation.

The article discusses environmental protection, the technological choice and distinctions of using non-agricultural nonselective herbicides to remove tree and shrub vegetation on the easement area of pipeline. The investigations were carried out for two years using industrial-produced samples of herbicides in the southern, central and northern natural zones of the Russian Federation. The best results on the inhibition of arboreal shrub vegetation in the southern zone showed herbicides based on the active fraction imazapyr and imazapyr in mixture with glyphosate. In the middle and northern parts of the Russian Federation, herbicides show a similar effect, the best results are shown by tank mixtures based on Imazapyr and Glyphosate.

In the The Pipeline Transport Institute developed the optimal technology of removal of tree and shrub vegetation in the area of linear objects. It is shown that the application of the most appropriate to use tank mixes of herbicides based on glyphosate and imazapyr. The best way for the removal of trees and shrubs is to use a combined method. When applying herbicides, the selection of the active ingredients it is advisable in accordance with the climate zone and the type of vegetation. It is shown the most appropriate application is using tank mixes of herbicides based on glyphosate and imazapyr. To reduce the anthropogenic impact on the environment must be strict adherence of using herbicides.

References

1. Rodionova S.G., Revel’-Muroz P.A., Lisin Yu.V. et al., Scientific-technical, socio-economic and legal aspects of oil and oil products transport reliability (In Russ.), Nauka i tekhnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov = Science & Technologies: Oil and Oil Products Pipeline Transportation, 2016, no. 5 (25), pp. 20–31.

2. Polovkov S.A., On the formation of oil traffic in oil trunk pipelines system of JSC Transneft (In Russ.), Nauka i tekhnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov = Science & Technologies: Oil and Oil Products Pipeline Transportation, 2016, no. 2, pp. 92–95.

3. Spiridonov Yu.Ya., Shestakov V.G., Primenenie Arsenala, VK (250 g/l) BASF Agrokemikal prodakts B.V. na ob»ektakh nesel’skokhozyaystvennogo pol’zovaniya (Application of Arsenal, VC (250 g/l) BASF Agrochemical products B.V. on non-agricultural objects), Moscow, 2007.

4. Antipov B.V., Mul’chernye tekhnologii v polose otvoda zheleznykh dorog: nauchno-prakticheskie aspekty (Shredding technology in the railroad allotment: scientific and practical aspects), Moscow, 2013.

5. Gosudarstvennyy katalog pestitsidov i agrokhimikatov, razreshennykh k primeneniyu na territorii Rossiyskoy Federatsii i dopolneniya k nemu (The state catalog of pesticides and agrochemicals permitted for use on the territory of the Russian Federation and addenda to it), 2016.

The system of organizations of Transneft uses a complex approach to ensuring industrial and environmental safety, relevant on the most harsh modern requirements. One of the safety requirements is ensure unhindered access to any point of the pipeline. For this goal the territory adjacent to the pipeline is cleaned of unwanted tree and shrub vegetation.

The article discusses environmental protection, the technological choice and distinctions of using non-agricultural nonselective herbicides to remove tree and shrub vegetation on the easement area of pipeline. The investigations were carried out for two years using industrial-produced samples of herbicides in the southern, central and northern natural zones of the Russian Federation. The best results on the inhibition of arboreal shrub vegetation in the southern zone showed herbicides based on the active fraction imazapyr and imazapyr in mixture with glyphosate. In the middle and northern parts of the Russian Federation, herbicides show a similar effect, the best results are shown by tank mixtures based on Imazapyr and Glyphosate.

In the The Pipeline Transport Institute developed the optimal technology of removal of tree and shrub vegetation in the area of linear objects. It is shown that the application of the most appropriate to use tank mixes of herbicides based on glyphosate and imazapyr. The best way for the removal of trees and shrubs is to use a combined method. When applying herbicides, the selection of the active ingredients it is advisable in accordance with the climate zone and the type of vegetation. It is shown the most appropriate application is using tank mixes of herbicides based on glyphosate and imazapyr. To reduce the anthropogenic impact on the environment must be strict adherence of using herbicides.

References

1. Rodionova S.G., Revel’-Muroz P.A., Lisin Yu.V. et al., Scientific-technical, socio-economic and legal aspects of oil and oil products transport reliability (In Russ.), Nauka i tekhnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov = Science & Technologies: Oil and Oil Products Pipeline Transportation, 2016, no. 5 (25), pp. 20–31.

2. Polovkov S.A., On the formation of oil traffic in oil trunk pipelines system of JSC Transneft (In Russ.), Nauka i tekhnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov = Science & Technologies: Oil and Oil Products Pipeline Transportation, 2016, no. 2, pp. 92–95.

3. Spiridonov Yu.Ya., Shestakov V.G., Primenenie Arsenala, VK (250 g/l) BASF Agrokemikal prodakts B.V. na ob»ektakh nesel’skokhozyaystvennogo pol’zovaniya (Application of Arsenal, VC (250 g/l) BASF Agrochemical products B.V. on non-agricultural objects), Moscow, 2007.

4. Antipov B.V., Mul’chernye tekhnologii v polose otvoda zheleznykh dorog: nauchno-prakticheskie aspekty (Shredding technology in the railroad allotment: scientific and practical aspects), Moscow, 2013.

5. Gosudarstvennyy katalog pestitsidov i agrokhimikatov, razreshennykh k primeneniyu na territorii Rossiyskoy Federatsii i dopolneniya k nemu (The state catalog of pesticides and agrochemicals permitted for use on the territory of the Russian Federation and addenda to it), 2016.


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