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Novel approach to the quality management and standardization of the complex technical systems for oil and gas industry

UDK: 006.89:622.276
DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2018-6-145-147
Key words: oil and gas industry, complex technical systems, elements of the technical systems, standards for the elements, shortcomings of the standards, lack of connection to the system, relevance of the hierarchical approach, methodology of standards development
Authors: G.I. Shmal (Union of Oil & Gas Producers of Russia, RF, Moscow), V.Ya. Kershenbaum (Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), RF, Moscow), V.N. Protasov (Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), RF, Moscow), O.O. Shtyrev (Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), RF, Moscow)

Oil and Gas industry is utilizing complex technical systems consisting of various elements (equipment types) from various producers. The interconnection and certain dependencies of the technical system elements result in necessity of applying the hierarchical development principle of the technical system and its elements technical requirements. According to this principle, the required quality level of the separate elements of the complex technical system must be determined by the required quality level of the system as the whole and its subsystems, including these elements, or interdependently connected with them. Quality of a technical system is the essence of the system as demanded by the consumer. It is expressed in terms of its’ properties, metrics of these properties and the norms for these metrics, defining this essence.

The quality level of the technical system as demanded by the consumer is determined by quantitative or qualitative levels of the quality criteria of such system and the national standards, setting the certain limits to the values of these criteria, e.g. its’ safety level, while ensuring the acceptable for the consumer costs of developing and utilizing such a technical system. The domestic Oil and Gas industry lacks the standards, containing the technical requirements of the Oil and Gas companies to the technical systems they are using. Many standards have been enacted which define technical requirements to the certain elements (equipment types) of the technical systems, which are being developed by the manufacturers without consideration for the technical systems, for which they are destined. These results into the mismatch between the actual characteristics of the Oil and Gas industry technical systems built from various manufacturers’ elements and their quality requirements.

A radically new approach to developing standards, hierarchically defining the quality criteria for the technical systems used by Oil and Gas companies, the individual elements of such systems, their structural components and the connections between individual components. Standardized quality criteria of the technical systems and their elements should define the processes of designing, developing and producing such systems.

References

1. Protasov V.N., Import substitution of oil and gas equipment based on the process approach to the formulation of consumer quality on the hierarchical principle (In Russ.), Upravleniye kachestvom v neftegazovom komplekse, 2015, no. 4, pp. 87–90.

2. Shmal’ G.I., Kershenbaum V.Ya., Guseva T.A., Belozertseva L.Yu., New stage of standardization in oil and gas industry (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2015, no. 11, pp. 78–80.

3. Shmal’ G.I., Kershenbaum V.Ya., From imports dependence to re-industrialization (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2016, no. 3, pp. 10–13.

4. Kershenbaum V.Ya., Panteleyev A.S., Shmal’ G.I., Improving the quality management system of drilling fluids (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2017, no. 1, pp. 24–26.

Oil and Gas industry is utilizing complex technical systems consisting of various elements (equipment types) from various producers. The interconnection and certain dependencies of the technical system elements result in necessity of applying the hierarchical development principle of the technical system and its elements technical requirements. According to this principle, the required quality level of the separate elements of the complex technical system must be determined by the required quality level of the system as the whole and its subsystems, including these elements, or interdependently connected with them. Quality of a technical system is the essence of the system as demanded by the consumer. It is expressed in terms of its’ properties, metrics of these properties and the norms for these metrics, defining this essence.

The quality level of the technical system as demanded by the consumer is determined by quantitative or qualitative levels of the quality criteria of such system and the national standards, setting the certain limits to the values of these criteria, e.g. its’ safety level, while ensuring the acceptable for the consumer costs of developing and utilizing such a technical system. The domestic Oil and Gas industry lacks the standards, containing the technical requirements of the Oil and Gas companies to the technical systems they are using. Many standards have been enacted which define technical requirements to the certain elements (equipment types) of the technical systems, which are being developed by the manufacturers without consideration for the technical systems, for which they are destined. These results into the mismatch between the actual characteristics of the Oil and Gas industry technical systems built from various manufacturers’ elements and their quality requirements.

A radically new approach to developing standards, hierarchically defining the quality criteria for the technical systems used by Oil and Gas companies, the individual elements of such systems, their structural components and the connections between individual components. Standardized quality criteria of the technical systems and their elements should define the processes of designing, developing and producing such systems.

References

1. Protasov V.N., Import substitution of oil and gas equipment based on the process approach to the formulation of consumer quality on the hierarchical principle (In Russ.), Upravleniye kachestvom v neftegazovom komplekse, 2015, no. 4, pp. 87–90.

2. Shmal’ G.I., Kershenbaum V.Ya., Guseva T.A., Belozertseva L.Yu., New stage of standardization in oil and gas industry (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2015, no. 11, pp. 78–80.

3. Shmal’ G.I., Kershenbaum V.Ya., From imports dependence to re-industrialization (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2016, no. 3, pp. 10–13.

4. Kershenbaum V.Ya., Panteleyev A.S., Shmal’ G.I., Improving the quality management system of drilling fluids (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2017, no. 1, pp. 24–26.


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