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Ensuring environmental safety of project solution within a license holder’s block through the best available technologies

UDK: 628.544
DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2018-2-109-112
Key words: the best available technologies, innovative mud pit, enclosure structures, environmental safety, cost effectiveness
Authors: I.M. Volkov (Nizhnevartovsk Expert Centre Ltd., RF, Nizhnevartovsk), М.S. Ryakhin (Zarubezhneft JCS, RF, Moskow), S.N. Belousov (Neftegaz RC JSC, RF, Nizhnevartovsk), V.V. Aleksandrova (Nizhnevartovsk State University, RF, Nizhnevartovsk), V.B. Ivanov (Nizhnevartovsk State University, RF, Nizhnevartovsk)

Western Siberia is Russia’s main oil and gas productive area. Industrial plants here have huge adverse environmental impact which is why they are considered to use the best available technologies when developing the project solutions within their license blocks. The Russian environmental laws promote the oil and gas companies to approach the best available technologies. In the process of oil production the companies could use an innovative mud pit for temporary storage of drilling waste. A new technology is oriented to achieve, suppose building a structure for temporary storage of drilling waste which provides advanced environmental safety.

The innovative drilling mud storage technology is designed to build a mud pit with watertight screen on the bottom and walls of it, and to create conditions for further rehabilitation of the mud storage facilities. Resource advantage of the proposed technology is the use of modular enclosure structures which assigns the innovative mud pit to capital construction. Unlike the temporary facilities the capital construction facilities allow collecting and dumping wastes, as well as storage and burying. The technology of using modular enclosure structure based on recycling and low material consumption is unique. It reduces costs for construction of new waste storage facility, as well as acts as a primary element of the environmental safety system when implementing construction of structures and facilities in the license holders’ blocks. Thanks to this mud pit construction technology atmospheric precipitation ingress does not occur to the stored mud. Instead, it runs down outside the fencing structure and off the field. Ground water cannot penetrate into the pit, so that water soluble hazardous substances cannot be carried out from the pit.

The innovative mud pit technology ensures the increased environmental safety and efficiency in drilling mud handling. The costs for its implementation remunerate operating expenses of the license holder in terms of disposal fee for wastes generated from drilling, that reduces profit tax base. Allowance collected by the license holder for the value of the implemented technologies will be a significant incentive to adopt the new technologies when implementing oil production project solutions in the license block, which is a new generating stage in development of oil and gas production in Western Siberia.

References

1. Usmanov I.Yu., Ovechkina E.S., Yumagulova E.R. et al., The problem of ecological self-recovery in the Middle Ob regions subject to antropogenic oil production impact (In Russ.), Vestnik Nizhnevartovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2015, no. 1, pp. 79–86.

2. I.Yu. Usmanov, E.R. Yumagulova, Ivanov V.B. et al., Adaptation of ecosystems in the Middle Ob region exposed to oil production impact: Hierarchy and duration of adaptation processes (In Russ.), Vestnik Nizhnevartovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2016, no. 2, pp. 87–94.

3. Usmanov I.Yu., Shcherbakov A.V., Mavletova M.V. et al., The pulsing multidimensional ecological niche of plants: extension of the concept (In Russ.), Izvestiya Samarskogo nauchnogo tsentra Rossiyskoy Akademii nauk, 2016, V. 18, no. 2-2, pp. 525–529.

4. Usmanov I.Yu., Yumagulova E.R., Ovechkina E.S. et al., Fractal analysis of morpho-physiological parameters of Oxycoccus polustris Pers in oligotrophic swamps of Western Siberia, Vegetos, 2016, V. 29, no. 1, URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2229-4473.1000101.

5. Aitov I.S., Ivanov V.B., Transformatsiya pochvogruntov na litsenzionnykh uchastkakh neftedobyvayushchikh kompaniy (Transformation of soil in licensed areas of oil companies), Collected papers “Regional'naya ekologicheskaya politika v usloviyakh sushchestvuyushchikh prioritetov razvitiya neftegazodobychi” (Regional environmental policy in the context of existing priorities for development of oil and gas production), Proceedings of III congress of ecologists of oil regions, Novosibirsk: Profiks Publ., 2013, pp. 158–168.

6. Ivanov V.B., Rekul'tivatsiya neftezagryaznennykh zemel': problemy i perspektivy (Recultivation of oil contaminated lands: problems and prospects), Collected papers “Ekologo-geograficheskie problemy prirodopol'zovaniya neftegazovykh regionov: teoriya, metody, praktika” (Ecological and geographical problems of natural resource management of oil and gas regions: Theory, methods, practice), Proceedings IV International Scientific and Practical Conference, Nizhnevartovsk: Nizhnevartovskiy gosudarstvennyy gumanitarnyy universitet, 2010, pp. 87–89.

7. Ivanov V.B., Oberemchenko A.A., Ekologo-khimicheskiy analiz sostoyaniya pochvennykh resursov na territorii litsenzionnogo uchastka (Ecological and chemical analysis of the state of soil resources in the licensed area): edited by Korichko A.V., Proceedings of 18th All-Russian Student Scientific and Practical Conference of Nizhnevartovsk State University, Nizhnevartovsk:В  Publ. of Nizhnevartovsk State University, 2016, pp. 1074–1078.

8. Ivanov V.B., Usmanov I.Yu., Aleksandrova V.V., Quantitative and qualitative criteria for transformation and self-restoration of natural complexes caused by oil pollution (In Russ.), V mire nauchnykh otkrytiy, 2017, V. 9, no. 1-2, pp. 56–65.

9. Volkov I.M., Territorial ecological management with post-design analysis of inluence upon the environment (case study of waste drilling barns inventory) (In Russ.), Vestnik Tyumenskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ekologiya i prirodopol'zovanie, 2011, no. 4, pp. 180-189.

10. Volkov I.M., Ivanov V.B., Innovatsionnye podkhody v proektirovanii ob"ektov razmeshcheniya burovykh otkhodov v svete posleproektnoy otsenki vozdeystviya na okruzhayushchuyu sredu ob"ektov obustroystva mestorozhdeniy Srednego Priob'ya (Innovative approaches in the design of drilling waste disposal sites in terms of post-project evaluation of the environmental impact of the facilities of the fields of the Middle Ob), Collected papers “Kul'tura, nauka, obrazovanie: problemy i perspektivy” (Culture, science, education: problems and prospects), Proceedings of IV All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference, Nizhnevartovsk: Publ. of Nizhnevartovsk State University, 2016, Part II, pp. 21–24.

Western Siberia is Russia’s main oil and gas productive area. Industrial plants here have huge adverse environmental impact which is why they are considered to use the best available technologies when developing the project solutions within their license blocks. The Russian environmental laws promote the oil and gas companies to approach the best available technologies. In the process of oil production the companies could use an innovative mud pit for temporary storage of drilling waste. A new technology is oriented to achieve, suppose building a structure for temporary storage of drilling waste which provides advanced environmental safety.

The innovative drilling mud storage technology is designed to build a mud pit with watertight screen on the bottom and walls of it, and to create conditions for further rehabilitation of the mud storage facilities. Resource advantage of the proposed technology is the use of modular enclosure structures which assigns the innovative mud pit to capital construction. Unlike the temporary facilities the capital construction facilities allow collecting and dumping wastes, as well as storage and burying. The technology of using modular enclosure structure based on recycling and low material consumption is unique. It reduces costs for construction of new waste storage facility, as well as acts as a primary element of the environmental safety system when implementing construction of structures and facilities in the license holders’ blocks. Thanks to this mud pit construction technology atmospheric precipitation ingress does not occur to the stored mud. Instead, it runs down outside the fencing structure and off the field. Ground water cannot penetrate into the pit, so that water soluble hazardous substances cannot be carried out from the pit.

The innovative mud pit technology ensures the increased environmental safety and efficiency in drilling mud handling. The costs for its implementation remunerate operating expenses of the license holder in terms of disposal fee for wastes generated from drilling, that reduces profit tax base. Allowance collected by the license holder for the value of the implemented technologies will be a significant incentive to adopt the new technologies when implementing oil production project solutions in the license block, which is a new generating stage in development of oil and gas production in Western Siberia.

References

1. Usmanov I.Yu., Ovechkina E.S., Yumagulova E.R. et al., The problem of ecological self-recovery in the Middle Ob regions subject to antropogenic oil production impact (In Russ.), Vestnik Nizhnevartovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2015, no. 1, pp. 79–86.

2. I.Yu. Usmanov, E.R. Yumagulova, Ivanov V.B. et al., Adaptation of ecosystems in the Middle Ob region exposed to oil production impact: Hierarchy and duration of adaptation processes (In Russ.), Vestnik Nizhnevartovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2016, no. 2, pp. 87–94.

3. Usmanov I.Yu., Shcherbakov A.V., Mavletova M.V. et al., The pulsing multidimensional ecological niche of plants: extension of the concept (In Russ.), Izvestiya Samarskogo nauchnogo tsentra Rossiyskoy Akademii nauk, 2016, V. 18, no. 2-2, pp. 525–529.

4. Usmanov I.Yu., Yumagulova E.R., Ovechkina E.S. et al., Fractal analysis of morpho-physiological parameters of Oxycoccus polustris Pers in oligotrophic swamps of Western Siberia, Vegetos, 2016, V. 29, no. 1, URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2229-4473.1000101.

5. Aitov I.S., Ivanov V.B., Transformatsiya pochvogruntov na litsenzionnykh uchastkakh neftedobyvayushchikh kompaniy (Transformation of soil in licensed areas of oil companies), Collected papers “Regional'naya ekologicheskaya politika v usloviyakh sushchestvuyushchikh prioritetov razvitiya neftegazodobychi” (Regional environmental policy in the context of existing priorities for development of oil and gas production), Proceedings of III congress of ecologists of oil regions, Novosibirsk: Profiks Publ., 2013, pp. 158–168.

6. Ivanov V.B., Rekul'tivatsiya neftezagryaznennykh zemel': problemy i perspektivy (Recultivation of oil contaminated lands: problems and prospects), Collected papers “Ekologo-geograficheskie problemy prirodopol'zovaniya neftegazovykh regionov: teoriya, metody, praktika” (Ecological and geographical problems of natural resource management of oil and gas regions: Theory, methods, practice), Proceedings IV International Scientific and Practical Conference, Nizhnevartovsk: Nizhnevartovskiy gosudarstvennyy gumanitarnyy universitet, 2010, pp. 87–89.

7. Ivanov V.B., Oberemchenko A.A., Ekologo-khimicheskiy analiz sostoyaniya pochvennykh resursov na territorii litsenzionnogo uchastka (Ecological and chemical analysis of the state of soil resources in the licensed area): edited by Korichko A.V., Proceedings of 18th All-Russian Student Scientific and Practical Conference of Nizhnevartovsk State University, Nizhnevartovsk:В  Publ. of Nizhnevartovsk State University, 2016, pp. 1074–1078.

8. Ivanov V.B., Usmanov I.Yu., Aleksandrova V.V., Quantitative and qualitative criteria for transformation and self-restoration of natural complexes caused by oil pollution (In Russ.), V mire nauchnykh otkrytiy, 2017, V. 9, no. 1-2, pp. 56–65.

9. Volkov I.M., Territorial ecological management with post-design analysis of inluence upon the environment (case study of waste drilling barns inventory) (In Russ.), Vestnik Tyumenskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ekologiya i prirodopol'zovanie, 2011, no. 4, pp. 180-189.

10. Volkov I.M., Ivanov V.B., Innovatsionnye podkhody v proektirovanii ob"ektov razmeshcheniya burovykh otkhodov v svete posleproektnoy otsenki vozdeystviya na okruzhayushchuyu sredu ob"ektov obustroystva mestorozhdeniy Srednego Priob'ya (Innovative approaches in the design of drilling waste disposal sites in terms of post-project evaluation of the environmental impact of the facilities of the fields of the Middle Ob), Collected papers “Kul'tura, nauka, obrazovanie: problemy i perspektivy” (Culture, science, education: problems and prospects), Proceedings of IV All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference, Nizhnevartovsk: Publ. of Nizhnevartovsk State University, 2016, Part II, pp. 21–24.


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