Логин:
Пароль:
Регистрация
Забыли свой пароль?

Assessment of the possibility of applying modern methods for early detection and monitoring of oil and petroleum product spills in water bodies

UDK: 622.692.48
DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2017-6-124-128
Key words: laser, lidar, monitoring, detection, underwater crossings of oil and petroleum product pipelines, radiolocation, radiometry, oil and petroleum product spills, fluorescence
Authors: S.G. Radionova (Federal Service for Ecological, Technological and Nuclear Supervision (Rostekhnadzor), RF, Moscow), S.A. Polovkov, V.N.Slepnev (The Pipeline Transport Institute LLC, RF, Moscow)

Early detection of oil and petroleum products in the water bodies is of great ecological significance. Monitoring of oil spills at underwater crossings of trunk pipelines and in water areas of oil ports allows quick response and start of containment and elimination, thereby reducing the damage to the water body. This paper reviews methods of early detection and monitoring of oil and petroleum product spills on the water surface and associated instruments with the purpose of assessing the possibility of using them at oil transport and loading facilities (underwater crossings of oil and petroleum product pipelines and water areas of oil ports). The article is based on the research materials of basic physical and chemical processes, occurring when oil or petroleum product enters the water, the results of a comparative analysis of the methods of monitoring and testing of instruments, including full-scale open water tests in the marine waters of the Ajax Bay in the Peter the Great Gulf. The possibility of detection was checked at the oil product simulator. Based on the results of the study conclusions were drawn on the possibility of using the instruments and methods at oil (petroleum product) transport and loading facilities as well as on the promising direction of technology development in the area of monitoring and early detection of oil spills in water bodies.

References

1. Polyakov V.A., Shestakov R.A., To the question of ensuring the accuracy of measurements in oil pipeline leak detection system (In Russ.), Nauka i tekhnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov, 2015, no. 4 (20), pp. 76–79.

2. Rekhalov S.A., The introduction of a leak detection and activity monitoring system at the ssecurity field entrance of cleanup and diagnostic facilityof of trunk line submerged crossing Surgut-Polotsk crossing through the Klyazma river (In Russ.), Nauka i tekhnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov, 2011, no. 3, pp. 28–29.

3. Avandeeva O.P., Metodicheskie aspekty monitoringa kachestva vod dlya zon povyshennogo ekologicheskogo riska neftegennykh zagryazneniy (na primere Cheboksarskogo vodokhranilishcha) (Methodological aspects of water quality monitoring for zones of increased ecological risk of oil pollution (on the example of the Cheboksary reservoir)): thesis of candidate of geological science, Moscow, 2015.

4. ITOPF. Technical information document no. 2 "Behavior of marine oil spills", 2011.

5. http://narfu.ru/aan/Encyclopedia_Arctic/Rus_Nor_INTSOK.pdf

6. Al'khimenko A.I., Avariynye razlivy nefti v more i bor'ba s nimi (Emergency oil spills in the sea and the fight against them), St. Petersburg: OM-Press, 2004, 113 p.

7. Izmaylova A.V., Voda dlya bol'shogo goroda (Water for a big city), URL: https://rg.ru/2009/04/07/pitervoda.html.

Polovkov S.A., Shestakov R.Yu., Aysmatullin I.R., Slepnev V.N., System conception in the development of measures on prevention and localization of accident consequences on oil pipelines in the arctic zone of Russian Federation (In Russ.), Nauka i tekhnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov, 2017, no. 1 (28), pp. 20–28.

Early detection of oil and petroleum products in the water bodies is of great ecological significance. Monitoring of oil spills at underwater crossings of trunk pipelines and in water areas of oil ports allows quick response and start of containment and elimination, thereby reducing the damage to the water body. This paper reviews methods of early detection and monitoring of oil and petroleum product spills on the water surface and associated instruments with the purpose of assessing the possibility of using them at oil transport and loading facilities (underwater crossings of oil and petroleum product pipelines and water areas of oil ports). The article is based on the research materials of basic physical and chemical processes, occurring when oil or petroleum product enters the water, the results of a comparative analysis of the methods of monitoring and testing of instruments, including full-scale open water tests in the marine waters of the Ajax Bay in the Peter the Great Gulf. The possibility of detection was checked at the oil product simulator. Based on the results of the study conclusions were drawn on the possibility of using the instruments and methods at oil (petroleum product) transport and loading facilities as well as on the promising direction of technology development in the area of monitoring and early detection of oil spills in water bodies.

References

1. Polyakov V.A., Shestakov R.A., To the question of ensuring the accuracy of measurements in oil pipeline leak detection system (In Russ.), Nauka i tekhnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov, 2015, no. 4 (20), pp. 76–79.

2. Rekhalov S.A., The introduction of a leak detection and activity monitoring system at the ssecurity field entrance of cleanup and diagnostic facilityof of trunk line submerged crossing Surgut-Polotsk crossing through the Klyazma river (In Russ.), Nauka i tekhnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov, 2011, no. 3, pp. 28–29.

3. Avandeeva O.P., Metodicheskie aspekty monitoringa kachestva vod dlya zon povyshennogo ekologicheskogo riska neftegennykh zagryazneniy (na primere Cheboksarskogo vodokhranilishcha) (Methodological aspects of water quality monitoring for zones of increased ecological risk of oil pollution (on the example of the Cheboksary reservoir)): thesis of candidate of geological science, Moscow, 2015.

4. ITOPF. Technical information document no. 2 "Behavior of marine oil spills", 2011.

5. http://narfu.ru/aan/Encyclopedia_Arctic/Rus_Nor_INTSOK.pdf

6. Al'khimenko A.I., Avariynye razlivy nefti v more i bor'ba s nimi (Emergency oil spills in the sea and the fight against them), St. Petersburg: OM-Press, 2004, 113 p.

7. Izmaylova A.V., Voda dlya bol'shogo goroda (Water for a big city), URL: https://rg.ru/2009/04/07/pitervoda.html.

Polovkov S.A., Shestakov R.Yu., Aysmatullin I.R., Slepnev V.N., System conception in the development of measures on prevention and localization of accident consequences on oil pipelines in the arctic zone of Russian Federation (In Russ.), Nauka i tekhnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov, 2017, no. 1 (28), pp. 20–28.



Attention!
To buy the complete text of article (a format - PDF) or to read the material which is in open access only the authorized visitors of the website can. .

Mobile applications

Read our magazine on mobile devices

Загрузить в Google play

Press Releases

21.10.2020
21.10.2020
19.10.2020