Legal problems of ensuring environmental and biological safety in the use of mineral resources in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation

UDK: 34.096
DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2021-8-8-11
Key words: biological safety, environmental safety, subsurface use, Arctic zone, biological threat, continental shelf
Authors: V.B. Agafonov (Kutafin Moscow State Law University, RF, Moscow; Gubkin University, RF, Moscow), E.A. Sokolnikova (Gubkin University, RF, Moscow; LUKOIL-Engineering LLC, RF, Moscow)

The article is devoted to the identification of current trends and prospects for the development of legislation in the field of ensuring environmental and biological safety in the use of mineral resources in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, in connection with the adoption of the new Federal Law «On Biological Safety». The authors prove the importance of the law in ensuring biological safety, establishing the legal basis for protection against biological challenges (threats), while noting its inconsistency with the current documents of the state strategic planning in the field of environmental safety, as well as in the field of subsurface use.

The proposal is substantiated on the need to adopt a unified classification of biological threats (hazards) by territories (zones), categories, forms and types, with the allocation of a separate classification of biological threats (hazards) in the use of subsurface resources in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. Also, based on the results of the analysis of corporate strategic planning documents, a proposal is formulated on the need to consolidate the features of the legal provision of biological safety in strategic documents that define the main vectors of the company's policy in the field of industrial safety, labor protection and the environment.








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