Логин:
Пароль:
Регистрация
Забыли свой пароль?

Regulatory aspects of import substitution in the oil and gas sector

UDK: 006.85:622.276
DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2020-4-6-9
Key words: import substitution, standardization, project management, harmonization, standardization documents, national standards
Authors: G.I. Shmal (Union of Oil & Gas Producers of Russia, RF, Moscow), V.Ya. Kershenbaum (Gubkin University, RF, Moscow), T.A. Guseva (Gubkin University, RF, Moscow), A.Yu. Moroz (Gubkin University, RF, Moscow)

The article discusses the legislative and regulatory aspects of import substitution by the example of the Russian oil and gas sector. It was noted that federal and industry programs prepared over the past 5 years are mainly focused on import substitution of certain groups of uniform products, while the implementation of unique projects often becomes more significant in the oil and gas industry. Moreover, despite the use of standardization tools, including the making of long-term plans for the preparation of national standards, barriers to the successful solution of the import substitution problem arise, caused not only by poorly effective harmonization of standards, but also by significant differences in domestic and foreign regulatory practice of project management approaches. The article presents the results of an analysis of the harmonization of national standardization documents with international analogues carried out in accordance with the Federal Law “On Standardization in the Russian Federation”, the regional legislation of the Eurasian Economic Union, and the norms of the “Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade” of the World Trade Organization. As an example, the work plans of the technical standardization committee 023 “Oil and Gas Industry” for the period from 2009 to 2020 is considered. In addition, the provisions of interstate and national standards in the field of project management prepared by the technical committee 205 "Project Management" were examined, the differences between Russian and international standards in this area were identified. The authors also defined the risks arising from the established differences, presented directions for improving the development of regulatory documents in the field of project management, contributing to the implementation of the tasks of import substitution in the oil and gas sector.

References

1. Shmal' G.I., Kershenbaum V.Ya., Guseva T.A., Belozertseva L.Yu., New stage of standardization in oil and gas industry (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2015, no. 11, pp. 78–80.

2. Shmal' G.I., Kershenbaum V.Ya., Protasov V.N., Shtyrev O.O., Novel approach to the quality management and standardization of the complex technical systems for oil and gas industry (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2018, no. 6, pp. 145–147.

3. Aronov I.Z., Rybakova A.M., Salamatov V.Yu. et al., Assessing the contribution of the fund of standards of the Russian Federation into the country’s economy. Five years later (In Russ.), Standarty i kachestvo, 2020, no. 1, pp. 10–15.

4. Aronov I.Z., Zazhigalkin A.V., Rakov A.V. et al., The package principle of standards development – An undeservedly forgotten planning technology for standardization (In Russ.), Standarty i kachestvo, 2015, no. 8, pp. 24–30.

5. Guseva T.A., Novikov O.A., Specific features of development of draft national standards for import substitution of oil and gas facilities in Russia (In Russ.), Trudy RGU nefti i gaza (NIU) imeni I.M. Gubkina, 2018, no. 2, pp. 75–83.

6. Guseva T.A., Development of competitive-oriented standards for import substitution programme of oil and gas facilities in Russia (In Russ.), Trudy RGU nefti i gaza (NIU) imeni I.M. Gubkina, 2018, no. 3, pp. 144–152.

7. Kershenbaum V.Ya., Moroz A.Yu., The concept of "quality standard" and the development of its item quality indicators for the regulatory framework of the innovative project in the oil and gas engineering (In Russ.), Oborudovanie i tekhnologii dlya neftegazovogo kompleksa, 2019, no. 6, pp. 40–43.

The article discusses the legislative and regulatory aspects of import substitution by the example of the Russian oil and gas sector. It was noted that federal and industry programs prepared over the past 5 years are mainly focused on import substitution of certain groups of uniform products, while the implementation of unique projects often becomes more significant in the oil and gas industry. Moreover, despite the use of standardization tools, including the making of long-term plans for the preparation of national standards, barriers to the successful solution of the import substitution problem arise, caused not only by poorly effective harmonization of standards, but also by significant differences in domestic and foreign regulatory practice of project management approaches. The article presents the results of an analysis of the harmonization of national standardization documents with international analogues carried out in accordance with the Federal Law “On Standardization in the Russian Federation”, the regional legislation of the Eurasian Economic Union, and the norms of the “Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade” of the World Trade Organization. As an example, the work plans of the technical standardization committee 023 “Oil and Gas Industry” for the period from 2009 to 2020 is considered. In addition, the provisions of interstate and national standards in the field of project management prepared by the technical committee 205 "Project Management" were examined, the differences between Russian and international standards in this area were identified. The authors also defined the risks arising from the established differences, presented directions for improving the development of regulatory documents in the field of project management, contributing to the implementation of the tasks of import substitution in the oil and gas sector.

References

1. Shmal' G.I., Kershenbaum V.Ya., Guseva T.A., Belozertseva L.Yu., New stage of standardization in oil and gas industry (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2015, no. 11, pp. 78–80.

2. Shmal' G.I., Kershenbaum V.Ya., Protasov V.N., Shtyrev O.O., Novel approach to the quality management and standardization of the complex technical systems for oil and gas industry (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2018, no. 6, pp. 145–147.

3. Aronov I.Z., Rybakova A.M., Salamatov V.Yu. et al., Assessing the contribution of the fund of standards of the Russian Federation into the country’s economy. Five years later (In Russ.), Standarty i kachestvo, 2020, no. 1, pp. 10–15.

4. Aronov I.Z., Zazhigalkin A.V., Rakov A.V. et al., The package principle of standards development – An undeservedly forgotten planning technology for standardization (In Russ.), Standarty i kachestvo, 2015, no. 8, pp. 24–30.

5. Guseva T.A., Novikov O.A., Specific features of development of draft national standards for import substitution of oil and gas facilities in Russia (In Russ.), Trudy RGU nefti i gaza (NIU) imeni I.M. Gubkina, 2018, no. 2, pp. 75–83.

6. Guseva T.A., Development of competitive-oriented standards for import substitution programme of oil and gas facilities in Russia (In Russ.), Trudy RGU nefti i gaza (NIU) imeni I.M. Gubkina, 2018, no. 3, pp. 144–152.

7. Kershenbaum V.Ya., Moroz A.Yu., The concept of "quality standard" and the development of its item quality indicators for the regulatory framework of the innovative project in the oil and gas engineering (In Russ.), Oborudovanie i tekhnologii dlya neftegazovogo kompleksa, 2019, no. 6, pp. 40–43.
Read a article

Mobile applications

Read our magazine on mobile devices

Загрузить в Google play

Press Releases

21.10.2020
21.10.2020
19.10.2020