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Combination of secondary drilling technologies and long-term formation monitoring

UDK: 622.276.1/.4:550.832
DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2019-9-108-113
Key words: secondary drilling, optical fibre systems, long-term monitoring, hydrodynamic research, well output
Authors: V.I. Kostitsyn (Perm State National Research University, RF, Perm), A.D. Savich (Perm State National Research University, RF, Perm), A.V. Shumilov (Perm State National Research University, RF, Perm), O.L. Salnikova (Permneftegeofizika PJSC, RF, Perm), A.S. Chukhlov (LUKOIL-PERM LLC, RF, Perm), D.G. Khalilov (Kogalymneftegeophizika OJSC, RF, Kogalym)

The improvement of the quality of producing formations’ secondary drilling and informational support of their development throughout the entire time between repairs can be achieved by the implementation of a complex technology of wells’ completion. The technology includes underbalanced drilling under down-hole pumps and long-term monitoring of the formation and equipment parameters using geophysical self-contained cables and optical fibre lines. The use of optical fibre lines as a DTS (distributed temperature sensor) allows to measure the thermal field along the entire wellbore at the same time, which represents an important advantage to electronic sensors. However, the current lack of reliable optical fibre sensors for determining the pressure and fluid contents does not allow measuring the bottom-hole and formation pressure values or determining the intervals of water feeding and hydrodynamic formation parameters. The development of explosion-proof remote downhole devices allowed filling this gap and combining geophysical and hydrodynamic research methods with optical fibre thermometry. Such an approach allows for the secondary underbalanced drilling, bringing the wells to stable production and their operation based on the information received from geophysical and optical fibre sensors. This results in the material improvement of hydrodynamic efficiency ratio of the secondary drilling and prompt evaluation of the formation energy parameters.

The experience of production application of the integrated approach has proven that a distributed temperature gauge helps to determine the operation intervals and the location of behind-the-casing flows, to control the pump temperature and accurately measure the depths of dynamic levels. The information obtained using the downhole device allows to promptly manage the values of bottom-hole pressure (drawdown) and perform the calculations of the formations’ hydrodynamic parameters. The combined technology of wells completion and operation materially reduces the costs of secondary drilling and geophysical and hydrodynamic well research. This is achieved by avoiding direct losses of oil production that are inevitable in case of well shutdowns for the conventional perforation and research.

References

1. Rybka V.F., Lapshina Yu.V., Optic fiber downhole temperature measurements. Gas-hydrate pluggeneration monitoring (In Russ.), Karotazhnik, 2018, no. 4, pp. 29–35.

2. Ipatov A.I., Kremenetskiy M.I., Kaeshkov I.S., Buyanov A.V., Horizontal well production monitoring with distributed temperature sensor (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2016, no. 12, pp. 69–71.

3. Patent no. 2571790 RF, Secondary bed drilling-in at depression with lowering of perforator for subsurface pump and device to this end (versions), Inventors: Savich A.D., Chernykh I.A., Shadrunov A.A., Shumilov A.V.

4. Chernykh I.A., Razrabotka metoda monitoringa zaboynogo davleniya po dannym promyslovo-geofizicheskikh issledovaniy skvazhin (Development of a method for monitoring bottomhole pressure according to field geophysical studies of wells): thesis of candidate of technical science, Perm', 2018.

5. Gayvoronskiy I.N., Kostitsyn V.I., Savich A.D. et al., Ways of improvement of reservoir completion efficiency (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2016, no. 10, pp. 62–65.

6. Naydanova E.S., Gubina A.I., Experience in using fiber optic technologies in production wells (In Russ.), Karotazhnik, 2017, no. 10, pp. 65–75.

7. Ipatov A.I., Kremenetskiy M.I., Kaeshkov I.S. et al., Undiscovered DTS potential of horizontal well inflow profile monitoring (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2014, no. 5, pp. 96–100.

8. Savich A.D., Khalilov D.G., Chukhlov A.S., Denisov A.M., Well logging in horizontal boreholes equipped with tail pieces containing multistage hydrofrac devices (In Russ.), Karotazhnik, 2018, no. 10, pp. 48–60.

9. Kryuchatov D.N., Khalilov D.G., Savich A.D., Budnik D.A., Improving horizontal well logging technologies (In Russ.), Karotazhnik, 2016, no. 10, pp. 16–29.

The improvement of the quality of producing formations’ secondary drilling and informational support of their development throughout the entire time between repairs can be achieved by the implementation of a complex technology of wells’ completion. The technology includes underbalanced drilling under down-hole pumps and long-term monitoring of the formation and equipment parameters using geophysical self-contained cables and optical fibre lines. The use of optical fibre lines as a DTS (distributed temperature sensor) allows to measure the thermal field along the entire wellbore at the same time, which represents an important advantage to electronic sensors. However, the current lack of reliable optical fibre sensors for determining the pressure and fluid contents does not allow measuring the bottom-hole and formation pressure values or determining the intervals of water feeding and hydrodynamic formation parameters. The development of explosion-proof remote downhole devices allowed filling this gap and combining geophysical and hydrodynamic research methods with optical fibre thermometry. Such an approach allows for the secondary underbalanced drilling, bringing the wells to stable production and their operation based on the information received from geophysical and optical fibre sensors. This results in the material improvement of hydrodynamic efficiency ratio of the secondary drilling and prompt evaluation of the formation energy parameters.

The experience of production application of the integrated approach has proven that a distributed temperature gauge helps to determine the operation intervals and the location of behind-the-casing flows, to control the pump temperature and accurately measure the depths of dynamic levels. The information obtained using the downhole device allows to promptly manage the values of bottom-hole pressure (drawdown) and perform the calculations of the formations’ hydrodynamic parameters. The combined technology of wells completion and operation materially reduces the costs of secondary drilling and geophysical and hydrodynamic well research. This is achieved by avoiding direct losses of oil production that are inevitable in case of well shutdowns for the conventional perforation and research.

References

1. Rybka V.F., Lapshina Yu.V., Optic fiber downhole temperature measurements. Gas-hydrate pluggeneration monitoring (In Russ.), Karotazhnik, 2018, no. 4, pp. 29–35.

2. Ipatov A.I., Kremenetskiy M.I., Kaeshkov I.S., Buyanov A.V., Horizontal well production monitoring with distributed temperature sensor (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2016, no. 12, pp. 69–71.

3. Patent no. 2571790 RF, Secondary bed drilling-in at depression with lowering of perforator for subsurface pump and device to this end (versions), Inventors: Savich A.D., Chernykh I.A., Shadrunov A.A., Shumilov A.V.

4. Chernykh I.A., Razrabotka metoda monitoringa zaboynogo davleniya po dannym promyslovo-geofizicheskikh issledovaniy skvazhin (Development of a method for monitoring bottomhole pressure according to field geophysical studies of wells): thesis of candidate of technical science, Perm', 2018.

5. Gayvoronskiy I.N., Kostitsyn V.I., Savich A.D. et al., Ways of improvement of reservoir completion efficiency (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2016, no. 10, pp. 62–65.

6. Naydanova E.S., Gubina A.I., Experience in using fiber optic technologies in production wells (In Russ.), Karotazhnik, 2017, no. 10, pp. 65–75.

7. Ipatov A.I., Kremenetskiy M.I., Kaeshkov I.S. et al., Undiscovered DTS potential of horizontal well inflow profile monitoring (In Russ.), Neftyanoe khozyaystvo = Oil Industry, 2014, no. 5, pp. 96–100.

8. Savich A.D., Khalilov D.G., Chukhlov A.S., Denisov A.M., Well logging in horizontal boreholes equipped with tail pieces containing multistage hydrofrac devices (In Russ.), Karotazhnik, 2018, no. 10, pp. 48–60.

9. Kryuchatov D.N., Khalilov D.G., Savich A.D., Budnik D.A., Improving horizontal well logging technologies (In Russ.), Karotazhnik, 2016, no. 10, pp. 16–29.



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