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The study of the reservoir temperature regime in case of dual pumping wells operation using sucker-rod and electric centrifugal pumps

UDK: 622.276.53
DOI: 10.24887/0028-2448-2019-4-80-83
Key words: dual completion, oil well sucker-rod pump, electric centrifugal pump, temperature, thermal regime, bottom-hole formation zone heating, heat conductivity
Authors: R.N. Bakhtizin (Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, RF, Ufa), K.R. Urazakov (Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, RF, Ufa), R.V. Usmanov (Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, RF, Ufa), P.M. Tugunov (Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, RF, Ufa)

Programs for energy efficiency and increased profitability of field production, implemented by oil companies, in modern market conditions lead to the wide distribution of dual completion technologies using borehole pumping units. Oil production by submersible units, including sucker-rod and electric centrifugal pumps, is one of the most common ways to develop objects with their considerable differentiation in operation performance and formation fluid properties. Features of the upper reservoir production by the pump unit in this dual completion scheme are associated with low productivity of the reservoir, due to the low mobility of reservoir oil in natural temperature-and-pressure conditions. In this regard, the research of possibility of heating bottom-hole zone of upper formation by lower formation’s thermal energy and heat, derived from sucker-rod and electric centrifugal pumps, is important today.

Mathematical model for calculation of thermal field in system well – reservoir – sucker-rod pump – electrical centrifugal pump, taking into account convective heat transfer, thermal conductivity, thermodynamic effects, and heat generation in electrical centrifugal and sucker-rod pumps, was obtained to evaluate the heat effect of the pumping unit. It is proved that in steady running there is a heating of the bottom-hole zone of upper formation due to the natural thermal energy of the reservoir fluid and the heat, generated by the electric centrifugal pump and a sucker-rod pump, in which the efficiency of heating is mainly determined by the flow rate of upper reservoir. A potential prospect of the implementation of the periodic pump down out of upper reservoir by sucker-rod pump, allowing to increase productivity of upper reservoir and oil recovery factor by effective warming up of upper reservoir, is shown.

References

1. Zabbarov R.G., Dmitriev V.V., Agamalov G.B., Urazakov K.R., The method of calculating the intake pressure at the pump in dual completion and production of well (In Russ.), Interval, 2007, no. 7, pp. 18–22.

2. Urazakov K.R., Zhulaev V.P., Bulyukova F.Z., Molchanova V.A., Nasosnye ustanovki dlya malodebitnykh skvazhin (Pumping units for depleted wells), Ufa: Publ. of USPTU, UGNTU, 2014.

3. Urazakov K.R., Mekhanizirovannaya dobycha nefti (Mechanized oil production), Ufa: Neftegazovoe delo Publ., 2010.

4. Usmanov R.V., Klyushin I.G., Urazakov K.Kh. et al., Thermal mode of operation of the downhole pumping unit for dual completion recovery (In Russ.), Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy vestnik OAO “NK “Rosneft'”, 2016, no. 2, pp. 68–71.

5. Zdol'nik S.E., Urazakov K.R., Bondarenko K.A. et al., A comprehensive ESP temperature conditions prediction method (In Russ.), Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy vestnik OAO “NK “Rosneft'”, 2010, no. 1, pp. 36–41.

6. Ramazanov A.Sh., Akchurin R.Z., Simulation of temperature distribution during drilling (In Russ.), Vestnik Bashkirskogo universiteta, 2016, V. 21, no. 2, pp. 269–273.

7. Topol'nikov A.S., Urazakov T.K., Kazakov D.P., The numerical simulation of flow around the submersible pump with filter (In Russ.), Neftegazovoe delo, 2009, V. 7, no. 2, pp. 89–95.

8. Urazakov K.R., Gabdulov R.R., Usmanov R.V., Thermal mode of operation of equipment for dual completion based on ESP-SRP (In Russ.), Neft'. Gaz. Novatsii, 2016, no. 7, pp. 53–56.

9. Loytsyanskiy L.G., Mekhanika zhidkosti i gaza (Fluid mechanics), Moscow: Drofa Publ., 2003.

10. Ramazanov A.Sh., Islamov D.F., Simulation of transient temperature processes in oil reservoirs at fluid withdrawal and injection (In Russ.), Vestnik Akademii Nauk RB, 2017, V. 24, no. 3, pp. 84–91.

Programs for energy efficiency and increased profitability of field production, implemented by oil companies, in modern market conditions lead to the wide distribution of dual completion technologies using borehole pumping units. Oil production by submersible units, including sucker-rod and electric centrifugal pumps, is one of the most common ways to develop objects with their considerable differentiation in operation performance and formation fluid properties. Features of the upper reservoir production by the pump unit in this dual completion scheme are associated with low productivity of the reservoir, due to the low mobility of reservoir oil in natural temperature-and-pressure conditions. In this regard, the research of possibility of heating bottom-hole zone of upper formation by lower formation’s thermal energy and heat, derived from sucker-rod and electric centrifugal pumps, is important today.

Mathematical model for calculation of thermal field in system well – reservoir – sucker-rod pump – electrical centrifugal pump, taking into account convective heat transfer, thermal conductivity, thermodynamic effects, and heat generation in electrical centrifugal and sucker-rod pumps, was obtained to evaluate the heat effect of the pumping unit. It is proved that in steady running there is a heating of the bottom-hole zone of upper formation due to the natural thermal energy of the reservoir fluid and the heat, generated by the electric centrifugal pump and a sucker-rod pump, in which the efficiency of heating is mainly determined by the flow rate of upper reservoir. A potential prospect of the implementation of the periodic pump down out of upper reservoir by sucker-rod pump, allowing to increase productivity of upper reservoir and oil recovery factor by effective warming up of upper reservoir, is shown.

References

1. Zabbarov R.G., Dmitriev V.V., Agamalov G.B., Urazakov K.R., The method of calculating the intake pressure at the pump in dual completion and production of well (In Russ.), Interval, 2007, no. 7, pp. 18–22.

2. Urazakov K.R., Zhulaev V.P., Bulyukova F.Z., Molchanova V.A., Nasosnye ustanovki dlya malodebitnykh skvazhin (Pumping units for depleted wells), Ufa: Publ. of USPTU, UGNTU, 2014.

3. Urazakov K.R., Mekhanizirovannaya dobycha nefti (Mechanized oil production), Ufa: Neftegazovoe delo Publ., 2010.

4. Usmanov R.V., Klyushin I.G., Urazakov K.Kh. et al., Thermal mode of operation of the downhole pumping unit for dual completion recovery (In Russ.), Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy vestnik OAO “NK “Rosneft'”, 2016, no. 2, pp. 68–71.

5. Zdol'nik S.E., Urazakov K.R., Bondarenko K.A. et al., A comprehensive ESP temperature conditions prediction method (In Russ.), Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy vestnik OAO “NK “Rosneft'”, 2010, no. 1, pp. 36–41.

6. Ramazanov A.Sh., Akchurin R.Z., Simulation of temperature distribution during drilling (In Russ.), Vestnik Bashkirskogo universiteta, 2016, V. 21, no. 2, pp. 269–273.

7. Topol'nikov A.S., Urazakov T.K., Kazakov D.P., The numerical simulation of flow around the submersible pump with filter (In Russ.), Neftegazovoe delo, 2009, V. 7, no. 2, pp. 89–95.

8. Urazakov K.R., Gabdulov R.R., Usmanov R.V., Thermal mode of operation of equipment for dual completion based on ESP-SRP (In Russ.), Neft'. Gaz. Novatsii, 2016, no. 7, pp. 53–56.

9. Loytsyanskiy L.G., Mekhanika zhidkosti i gaza (Fluid mechanics), Moscow: Drofa Publ., 2003.

10. Ramazanov A.Sh., Islamov D.F., Simulation of transient temperature processes in oil reservoirs at fluid withdrawal and injection (In Russ.), Vestnik Akademii Nauk RB, 2017, V. 24, no. 3, pp. 84–91.



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